An Era of Exploration Chapter 3.1
The Impact of Columbus <ul><li>Gave hope for riches in a new land </li></ul><ul><li>Trade began between East  and West </l...
Other Spanish Explorers <ul><li>Balboa- crossed Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Magellan- circumnavigated the globe </li></ul>
Other Spanish Explorers <ul><li>DeSoto- FL to the MS River </li></ul><ul><li>Coronado-Arizona & New Mexico </li></ul>
Spain Builds an Empire Chapter 3.2
Spanish Conquistadors <ul><li>Cortes defeated the Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>they wrongly trusted him </li></ul><ul><li>they...
<ul><li>Pizarro defeated the Incas because of too much fighting between themselves. </li></ul>
Settling “New Spain” <ul><li>3 Kinds of settlements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pueblos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidios </l...
<ul><li>4 Social Classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peninsulares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creoles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Spanish gov’t gave land grants (encomiendas) to settlers. </li></ul><ul><li>They demanded hard labor from the Nati...
<ul><li>A priest named Bartolome de las Casas spoke up about mistreatment of the natives. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In his attempt to help them, he turned colonists toward Africa for labor. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Africans were brought over as slaves on plantations on sugar plantations in the Caribbean and Brazil. </li></ul>
Colonizing North America Chapter 3.3
Northwest Passage <ul><li>A direct water route to Asia was not found, so Europeans began to find ways to profit from the n...
Religious Rivalries <ul><li>In 1517 Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation. </li></ul>
Religious Rivalries <ul><li>Spanish and French monarchs remained Catholic, while English and Dutch monarchs were Protestan...
Religious Rivalries <ul><li>In the 1530’s England and others set an established church, persecuting those who did not foll...
New France <ul><li>Samuel de Champlain set up a trading post at Quebec. </li></ul>
New France <ul><li>France profited from fishing, trapping, and trading. </li></ul>
New France <ul><li>Coureurs de bois  were excellent trappers and traders, not settlers. </li></ul>
New Netherland <ul><li>The Dutch settled along the Hudson River. </li></ul><ul><li>New Amsterdam became New York much late...
Furry Problem <ul><li>Dutch and French created alliances with Indian groups to compete for control of fur trade. </li></ul>
Building the Jamestown Colony Chapter 3.4
Jamestown 1607 <ul><li>Seemed doomed at 1 st … settlers were more interested in getting gold than growing crops. </li></ul>
Jamestown 1607 <ul><li>By 1619, tobacco had become profitable. Women & Africans were sent to Jamestown. </li></ul>
Jamestown 1607 <ul><li>The settlers began tradition of representative gov’t (House of Burgesses). </li></ul>
Seeking Religious Freedom Chapter 3.5
<ul><li>Pilgrims wanted to separate from the Church of England, & they came to America on the Mayflower. </li></ul>
<ul><li>They set a  precedent  for religious freedom in our country. </li></ul>
<ul><li>They signed the  Mayflower Compact  to set up a gov’t with laws that would be for the good of the colony. </li></ul>
Problems/Help in Plymouth <ul><li>They arrived too late in the season to plant. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Squanto and other natives helped the Pilgrims to plant and hunt native species. </li></ul>
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Chapter 3 Powerpoint Presentations

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Chapter 3 Powerpoint Presentations

  1. 1. An Era of Exploration Chapter 3.1
  2. 2. The Impact of Columbus <ul><li>Gave hope for riches in a new land </li></ul><ul><li>Trade began between East and West </li></ul>
  3. 3. Other Spanish Explorers <ul><li>Balboa- crossed Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Magellan- circumnavigated the globe </li></ul>
  4. 4. Other Spanish Explorers <ul><li>DeSoto- FL to the MS River </li></ul><ul><li>Coronado-Arizona & New Mexico </li></ul>
  5. 5. Spain Builds an Empire Chapter 3.2
  6. 6. Spanish Conquistadors <ul><li>Cortes defeated the Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>they wrongly trusted him </li></ul><ul><li>they caught deadly diseases from his crew. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Pizarro defeated the Incas because of too much fighting between themselves. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Settling “New Spain” <ul><li>3 Kinds of settlements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pueblos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Missions </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>4 Social Classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peninsulares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creoles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mestizos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indians </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Spanish gov’t gave land grants (encomiendas) to settlers. </li></ul><ul><li>They demanded hard labor from the Natives. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>A priest named Bartolome de las Casas spoke up about mistreatment of the natives. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>In his attempt to help them, he turned colonists toward Africa for labor. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Africans were brought over as slaves on plantations on sugar plantations in the Caribbean and Brazil. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Colonizing North America Chapter 3.3
  15. 15. Northwest Passage <ul><li>A direct water route to Asia was not found, so Europeans began to find ways to profit from the natural resources of America. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Religious Rivalries <ul><li>In 1517 Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Religious Rivalries <ul><li>Spanish and French monarchs remained Catholic, while English and Dutch monarchs were Protestant. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Religious Rivalries <ul><li>In the 1530’s England and others set an established church, persecuting those who did not follow. (section 5) </li></ul>
  19. 19. New France <ul><li>Samuel de Champlain set up a trading post at Quebec. </li></ul>
  20. 20. New France <ul><li>France profited from fishing, trapping, and trading. </li></ul>
  21. 21. New France <ul><li>Coureurs de bois were excellent trappers and traders, not settlers. </li></ul>
  22. 22. New Netherland <ul><li>The Dutch settled along the Hudson River. </li></ul><ul><li>New Amsterdam became New York much later. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Furry Problem <ul><li>Dutch and French created alliances with Indian groups to compete for control of fur trade. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Building the Jamestown Colony Chapter 3.4
  25. 25. Jamestown 1607 <ul><li>Seemed doomed at 1 st … settlers were more interested in getting gold than growing crops. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Jamestown 1607 <ul><li>By 1619, tobacco had become profitable. Women & Africans were sent to Jamestown. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Jamestown 1607 <ul><li>The settlers began tradition of representative gov’t (House of Burgesses). </li></ul>
  28. 28. Seeking Religious Freedom Chapter 3.5
  29. 29. <ul><li>Pilgrims wanted to separate from the Church of England, & they came to America on the Mayflower. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>They set a precedent for religious freedom in our country. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>They signed the Mayflower Compact to set up a gov’t with laws that would be for the good of the colony. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Problems/Help in Plymouth <ul><li>They arrived too late in the season to plant. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Squanto and other natives helped the Pilgrims to plant and hunt native species. </li></ul>

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