Colonies Take Root
The First English Settlements
 (Background)Their
monarch’s power was limited
by Parliament, which made
the laws. It was c...
We often compare their
Parliament to our Congress,
composed of the Senate and the
House of Representatives.
• They had a document
called the Magna Carta
that established ideas like
the right to trial by jury
and “no taxation witho...
England wanted to build their empire
by developing colonies in North
America and using their resources.
Remember Mercantil...
 The first colony attempt
failed at Roanoke Island,
and the second is still a
mystery.
 This is one of the latest
theori...
Founding Jamestown 1607
 King James I granted a
charter to the Virginia
Company of London to
form a colony in North
Ameri...
Problems at Jamestown
 They had built inland to
avoid possible attacks by
the Spanish, but swampy
land brought mosquitoes...
Problems at Jamestown
 The men were mostly
aristocrats, who thought
they were too good to farm.
 The 100 settlers were
e...
Problems at Jamestown
After John Smith had to go
to England to nurse a
gunpowder wound,
Indians cut back on food
sharing, ...
Jamestown Prospers
 By 1620, Jamestown farmers,
who had begun growing
tobacco, were doing well.
 There were more settler...
The Plymouth Colony
 A group of separatists
called Pilgrims left
England, went to The
Netherlands, then to
America.
 The...
The Plymouth Colony
 Before they even got off
the boat, leaders signed
The Mayflower Compact
to ensure just and equal
law...
The Plymouth Colony
 In 1620, they arrived too
late in the season to plant.
 Squanto and other natives
helped them survi...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 3 2013

1,186 views

Published on

Chapter 3 Section One Prentice Hall American Nation through 1877

Published in: Education, Sports, Automotive
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,186
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
443
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 3 2013

  1. 1. Colonies Take Root
  2. 2. The First English Settlements  (Background)Their monarch’s power was limited by Parliament, which made the laws. It was composed of two groups: The House of Lords and The House of Commons. England Seeks Colonies
  3. 3. We often compare their Parliament to our Congress, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
  4. 4. • They had a document called the Magna Carta that established ideas like the right to trial by jury and “no taxation without representation.” First signed by King John in 1215, the 1297 version is in our National Archives. (Thought question: Why would their British document be in our U.S. Archives?)
  5. 5. England wanted to build their empire by developing colonies in North America and using their resources. Remember Mercantilism?
  6. 6.  The first colony attempt failed at Roanoke Island, and the second is still a mystery.  This is one of the latest theories: http://www.foxnews.com/s citech/2012/05/07/new- clue-to-mystery-lost- roanoke-colony/ © the University of South Florida; for classroom use
  7. 7. Founding Jamestown 1607  King James I granted a charter to the Virginia Company of London to form a colony in North America. It was England’s 1st permanent settlement here.
  8. 8. Problems at Jamestown  They had built inland to avoid possible attacks by the Spanish, but swampy land brought mosquitoes and malaria, which killed people.
  9. 9. Problems at Jamestown  The men were mostly aristocrats, who thought they were too good to farm.  The 100 settlers were expecting to find gold, but didn’t.  John Smith became the leader and he said, “He who does not work will not eat.”
  10. 10. Problems at Jamestown After John Smith had to go to England to nurse a gunpowder wound, Indians cut back on food sharing, and settlers died from starvation. “The Starving Time”
  11. 11. Jamestown Prospers  By 1620, Jamestown farmers, who had begun growing tobacco, were doing well.  There were more settlers, including women, children, and slaves.  Slavery at that time was not necessarily a permanent condition.  The House of Burgesses began a tradition of representative government in North America.
  12. 12. The Plymouth Colony  A group of separatists called Pilgrims left England, went to The Netherlands, then to America.  They were headed to Virginia, but ended up in Plymouth (Massachusetts). “The Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor” Halsall, 1882
  13. 13. The Plymouth Colony  Before they even got off the boat, leaders signed The Mayflower Compact to ensure just and equal laws.  It was the 1st document in America that claimed a right of self-government. http://avalon.law.yale.edu /17th_century/mayflower. asp
  14. 14. The Plymouth Colony  In 1620, they arrived too late in the season to plant.  Squanto and other natives helped them survive by growing native plants.  The following fall, they celebrated what we know as Thanksgiving. http://historyofmassachus etts.org/squanto-the- former-slave/

×