Brain Compatible Learning

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Brain Compatible Learning

  1. 1. Brain Compatible Learning But, haven’t we always learned with our brains? Wendy Drexler August 16, 2006
  2. 2. The McGurk Effect <ul><li>http://www.faculty.ucr.edu/~rosenblu/VSMcGurk.html# </li></ul><ul><li>What does this say about how our senses perceive our world? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Focus on these words <ul><li>dream </li></ul><ul><li>snooze </li></ul><ul><li>tired </li></ul><ul><li>weary </li></ul><ul><li>awake </li></ul><ul><li>bed </li></ul><ul><li>pillow </li></ul><ul><li>nightmare </li></ul><ul><li>blanket </li></ul><ul><li>cozy </li></ul><ul><li>meditate </li></ul><ul><li>yawn </li></ul><ul><li>alert </li></ul><ul><li>calm </li></ul><ul><li>quiet </li></ul>
  4. 4. Patterns and Groupings <ul><li>Graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Venn Diagram </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KWL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind mapping (Kidspiration and Inspiration) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Principles Emerging from Current Brain Research <ul><li>The brain is remarkably plastic over a lifetime. Learning changes the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful learning is prompted when all five senses are engaged. </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate time is needed for each phase of information processing. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is developmental. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional well-being is essential to intellectual functioning. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marchese 2002 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Differentiate Instruction <ul><li>More specifically… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure the differentiated instruction to maximize brain compatible strategies. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Toolkit of Brain Compatible Strategies <ul><li>Active Rehearsal strategies are good for long term memory retention. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active review of learned materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands on learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mnemonics and memory tricks do help improve memory. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Intelligences, learning styles, left/right brain…everyone learns differently. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing can serve as a tool for refining thinking. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wolfe, 2001 </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Brain Targeted Teaching Model <ul><li>Dr. Mariale M. Hartman </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Dean of Urban School Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Johns Hopkins University - Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. braintargetedteaching .org/ </li></ul>
  9. 9. Emotional Climate <ul><li>Limbic system (emotional center above brain stem) processes information first </li></ul><ul><li>Threats impede learning </li></ul><ul><li>Positive emotional experiences actual enhance long term memory </li></ul><ul><li>Visual and performing arts - one way to tap into emotional center </li></ul>
  10. 10. Physical Environment <ul><li>Novelty </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes register 36,000 visual images per hour </li></ul><ul><li>Sound, lighting, scent </li></ul><ul><li>Smells register directly in the limbic system </li></ul>
  11. 11. Learning Design <ul><li>Present the big picture first </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual understanding leads to better understanding of details </li></ul><ul><li>Concept maps </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic organizers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Teaching for Mastery <ul><li>Plan multiple activities to activate the brain’s memory system </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long term </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repeated rehearsal, integration of the arts, multiple intelligences </li></ul>
  13. 13. Teaching for Application <ul><li>Higher order thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Problem based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Performance-based activities </li></ul><ul><li>Investigations, experiments </li></ul>
  14. 14. Evaluating Learning <ul><li>Immediate feedback strengthens learning and memory </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to selected response tests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance tasks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checklists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self Evaluation </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Brain Compatible Writing <ul><li>Color Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>3-2-1 Blast Off </li></ul><ul><li>Race with Grace </li></ul>

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