Embracing Social Software and Semantic Web in Digital Libraries ; A Literature Review By Akhmad Riza Faizal CVCE, 28 Novem...
<ul><li>Social Software: Basically,  “ software that support group interactions ” (Allen, 2004; Owen  et al ., 2006)  </li...
<ul><li>Bejune & Ronan (2008) survey about usage of 10 socsoft applications in RL in US found:  </li></ul><ul><li>1)  S oc...
<ul><li>  7)  Chat or I nstant  M essaging (IM)  ; </li></ul><ul><li>All but a few respondents use the service. AOL Instan...
DELOS Recommendation on Personalization in Digital Libraries (Callan & Smeaton, 2003) <ul><li>Personalization in Digilib b...
DELOS Recommendation on Personalization in Digital Libraries (Callan & Smeaton, 2003) <ul><li>Priorities for future challe...
Open Source in Digital Libraries (Mitchell & Gilbertson, 2008) <ul><li>Customizing WordPress as Digital Library Interfaces...
Mobile Social Software (Eagle & Pentland, 2005) <ul><li>Serendipity : an application of architecture to links existing com...
Mobile Social Software (Eagle & Pentland, 2005) <ul><li>Campus Deployment: 100  users at MIT, 5% decide not to participate...
Semantic Digital Libraries <ul><li>Pescador (Green & Martinez): an application to store catalogue data for 3 type of users...
Semantic Digital Libraries <ul><li>What is Semantic DL anyway? A DL that; </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate information based on...
Semantic Digital Libraries <ul><li>Some semantic digital libraries are; </li></ul><ul><li>Gdansk University of Technology ...
<ul><li>So far this is all I can get... </li></ul><ul><li>More discussions... </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you. </li></ul>CVCE,...
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Embracing Social Software And Semantic Web In Digital Libraries

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Embracing Social Software And Semantic Web In Digital Libraries

  1. 1. Embracing Social Software and Semantic Web in Digital Libraries ; A Literature Review By Akhmad Riza Faizal CVCE, 28 November 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>Social Software: Basically, “ software that support group interactions ” (Allen, 2004; Owen et al ., 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Personalization is one of the key aspects in social software hereafter..” (Faizal, 2009) </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008 Wikipedia (2008) Futurelab (Owen et al ., 2006) Patrick & Dotsika (2006) blogs, clipping, instant messaging, internet forums, internet relay chat, eLearning, Massively Multiplayer Online Games (MMOGs), media sharing, media cataloging, personals, social bookmarking, social cataloging, social citations, social evolutionary computation, social networks, social scripting, virtual worlds, and wikis. Text-based software (Weblogs, wiki, social bookmarking and tagging, fan fiction sites, RSS), Audio-visual software (Codeck, Broadcast Machine, radiowaves), spatial and geographic social software (Google Earth), Finding like minds (profile matching systems, affinity systems, personal networks), mobile phone software (Push toTalk, Mobiluck) Online services, online networks (social and business), collaborative shared/writings, Tools/Services (communication, group discussion, media sharing), Open standards (web services, content aggregation, network sharing, persona identity, reputation system), New forms of collective action (Open Source, Civil Society Projects, Smart Mobs)
  3. 3. <ul><li>Bejune & Ronan (2008) survey about usage of 10 socsoft applications in RL in US found: </li></ul><ul><li>1) S ocial N etworking S ites (SNS) ; </li></ul><ul><li>73% have their own profile in Facebook, 4% on development. Typical uses include promoting library resources and services, communicating with staff and users, and searching library catalogs and other online resources. </li></ul><ul><li>2) M edia /File S haring sites ; </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr (50%) and Youtube (28%) are the most popular </li></ul><ul><li>3) S ocial B ookmarking /T agging ; </li></ul><ul><li>del.icio.us (61%) mostly, the rest are Connotea and Digg </li></ul><ul><li>4) Wikis , 5) Blogs and 6) RSS ; </li></ul><ul><li>53 of 64 research libraries use wikis, more less for the blogs and RSS. </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  4. 4. <ul><li> 7) Chat or I nstant M essaging (IM) ; </li></ul><ul><li>All but a few respondents use the service. AOL Instant Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, and GoogleTalk are the most popular. </li></ul><ul><li>8) VoIP and 9) Virtual World ; </li></ul><ul><li>18 (28%) of respondents use VoIP service such as Skype, the same amount for the virtual world </li></ul><ul><li>10) Widgets </li></ul><ul><li>46 (72%) surveyed libraries use widgets like iGoogle and MeeboMe in their web pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Some beneficial issues : enhanced visibility/presence/access, communication, and marketing/promotion/public relations. </li></ul><ul><li>Some challenges : finding the time to learn and use the tools, and developing staff expertise/training staff. </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  5. 5. DELOS Recommendation on Personalization in Digital Libraries (Callan & Smeaton, 2003) <ul><li>Personalization in Digilib based on three characteristics; </li></ul><ul><li>A person, both as individual or a member of a group </li></ul><ul><li>The resources/information/documents </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Potential Applications (present and future); support a broad range of information seeking, building and sharing activities. </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  6. 6. DELOS Recommendation on Personalization in Digital Libraries (Callan & Smeaton, 2003) <ul><li>Priorities for future challenges </li></ul><ul><li>a. Users Modelling </li></ul><ul><li>Users information space (cognitive, behavior and environment) </li></ul><ul><li>b. Balance of personalization </li></ul><ul><li>User-specific vs Community based </li></ul><ul><li>c. User Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Still need to develop theories of interaction which underpin the design of applications and vice versa. </li></ul><ul><li>d. Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>User-centered evaluation as part of system design </li></ul><ul><li>e. Social Effects </li></ul><ul><li> Privacy and social dynamics of personal needs. </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  7. 7. Open Source in Digital Libraries (Mitchell & Gilbertson, 2008) <ul><li>Customizing WordPress as Digital Library Interfaces; </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata representation modification to meet QDC. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating user interface using themes </li></ul><ul><li>Tag-cloud (TF/IDF) plug-in modification </li></ul><ul><li>Data migration (external vs local standards, data scalability) </li></ul><ul><li>Some post-project issues; </li></ul><ul><li>Data management in digital library (creation, management, preservation the collection and their metadata) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainbility </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  8. 8. Mobile Social Software (Eagle & Pentland, 2005) <ul><li>Serendipity : an application of architecture to links existing communication infrastructure with online introduction systems’ functionality to facilitate interactions between physically proximate people through a centralized server (802.11b wireless network) </li></ul><ul><li>BlueAware ; bluetooth-based MIDP (Mobile Information Device Profile) 2.0 application as the end-product. Another variant is BlueDar </li></ul><ul><li>So, they test it…. using Nokia phone… </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Deployment: 40 participants in a conference, in May 2004, the result is high multiple introduction during specific time such as lunch break an overlap communication. </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  9. 9. Mobile Social Software (Eagle & Pentland, 2005) <ul><li>Campus Deployment: 100 users at MIT, 5% decide not to participate, overall result is positivily overwhelm with privacy breach. </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond Serendipity; </li></ul><ul><li>Human-machine interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Role-based access control </li></ul><ul><li>Public Release </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  10. 10. Semantic Digital Libraries <ul><li>Pescador (Green & Martinez): an application to store catalogue data for 3 type of users which are: regular users, cataloguers, catalogue designers/modelers/programmers. </li></ul><ul><li>For the catalogue designer, Green & Martinez proposed a Semantic Component Architecture (SCA). that is, an adaptation of component architecture principles to a SW application context, in which data structure rules and application logic are closely linked. In general, it should coordinate all the plugable components ( schemas, constraints, inference rules, ontologies, path definitions, executable code, display specifications, and links to external data sources . </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  11. 11. Semantic Digital Libraries <ul><li>What is Semantic DL anyway? A DL that; </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate information based on different metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Common Interoperability based on RDF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>M ore robust, user friendly and adaptable search and browsing interfaces empowered by semantics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is different from conventional digital library (what is conventional digital library?) in such; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s more machine understandable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources can be; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>contents, digital artefacts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>organization of objects (e.g. collections) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>users, user communities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>controlled vocabularies, thesauri, taxonomies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>D eliver mediation services for communication with other systems </li></ul></ul></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  12. 12. Semantic Digital Libraries <ul><li>Some semantic digital libraries are; </li></ul><ul><li>Gdansk University of Technology Digital Library ( http://www. ) wbss.pg.gda.pl/ ) using JeromeDL </li></ul><ul><li>SIMILE ( http://simile.mit.edu/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bricks ( http://www.brickscommunity.org/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>FEDORA ( http://www.fedora.info/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008
  13. 13. <ul><li>So far this is all I can get... </li></ul><ul><li>More discussions... </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you. </li></ul>CVCE, 28 November 2008

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