The Restoration in
         England
Context for Dryden, Pepys, Bunyan, and Behn
The Reformation in England

1517: Martin Luther
Protests Catholic Church at
Wittenberg

1547-1553 Protestant
Edward VI

15...
Queen Elizabeth broadens British “Empire”
       Britain enters into slave trade
1583: Charter for Colony of Virginia Granted
The Early 17th Century

1603: James I of Scotland ascends
to the throne

1611: Publication of King James
Bible

1625: Jame...
English Civil War

1642: Parliament raises army    1653-1660 England is a
and civil war begins            Commonwealth, no...
King Charles I   Oliver Cromwell
Great Plague of 1665

Bubonic Plague decimates
London

Spread by fleas on rats

Rich flee to countryside;
Gates of London lo...
The Great Fire of 1666
80% of London Destroyed, including 13,000 houses
1660: Charles II founds
    Royal Adventurers into
   Africa (Trade Company)

  Hundreds of thousands of
    Africans are ...
Restoration Daily Life

Theaters re-opened by      Catholics and
Charles II                 Nonconformists (Puritans)
    ...
Samuel Pepys

  Cambridge-educated

Secretary of the Admiralty

      Ladies’ man




                             Pepys (...
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Restoration

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Restoration

  1. 1. The Restoration in England Context for Dryden, Pepys, Bunyan, and Behn
  2. 2. The Reformation in England 1517: Martin Luther Protests Catholic Church at Wittenberg 1547-1553 Protestant Edward VI 1553-1558 Catholic Queen Mary I 1558-1603 Protestant Queen Elizabeth I
  3. 3. Queen Elizabeth broadens British “Empire” Britain enters into slave trade 1583: Charter for Colony of Virginia Granted
  4. 4. The Early 17th Century 1603: James I of Scotland ascends to the throne 1611: Publication of King James Bible 1625: James dies; his son Charles I becomes king Both James and Charles are “absolutist” kings Increased Tensions between Parliament and Crown King James I
  5. 5. English Civil War 1642: Parliament raises army 1653-1660 England is a and civil war begins Commonwealth, not a Monarchy Ceremonialists/Monarchists vs. Puritans/ 1658: Cromwell dies and his Parliamentarians son replaces him 1649: Charles I tried for 1660: Charles II (son of tyranny and treachery, Charles I) returns from exile beheaded in public on a large in France and is crowned scaffold king; this event is called the “Restoration” of the 1653: Oliver Cromwell sworn monarchy in as Protector
  6. 6. King Charles I Oliver Cromwell
  7. 7. Great Plague of 1665 Bubonic Plague decimates London Spread by fleas on rats Rich flee to countryside; Gates of London locked An estimated 100,000 people die in 1665
  8. 8. The Great Fire of 1666 80% of London Destroyed, including 13,000 houses
  9. 9. 1660: Charles II founds Royal Adventurers into Africa (Trade Company) Hundreds of thousands of Africans are sent into slavery 10-30% die in the Middle Passage Sugar Trade: Barbados, Surinam, etc. Abolitionists begin protests in C18
  10. 10. Restoration Daily Life Theaters re-opened by Catholics and Charles II Nonconformists (Puritans) persecuted Women allowed to perform onstage Scientific discovery / trade and colonization Trade increases Literary interest in Coffee! refinement and elegance (in Book of Common Prayer contrast to Renaissance imposed extravagance and evocation)
  11. 11. Samuel Pepys Cambridge-educated Secretary of the Admiralty Ladies’ man Pepys (“Peeps”)

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