Queen Elizabeth I
  Reigned 1558-1603
Reign of Henry VIII
1509: Becomes King and
Marries Catherine of
Aragon (his deceased
brother’s widow)

1516: Catherine giv...
Religion under Henry VII
 Beginnings of the Reformation in England


1517: Martin Luther Protests Catholic
Church at Witte...
Edward VI
1537-1547-1553

 1537: Edward VI born to Jane
Seymour

1547: HVIII dies; Protestant
Edward takes throne at age 1...
Key differences between Catholics and
     Protestants in the 16th Century:

Catholics pledge         Highest spiritual
al...
1553: The Catholic Mary Tudor
(daughter of Catherine of Aragon)
comes into power

  Called “Bloody Mary”
  for persecution...
1558: Queen Elizabeth (daughter of Anne
        Boleyn) takes the throne


  Protestant

  Persecutes
  Catholics for
  Al...
QEI Perpetuates Image of “Virgin Queen”



Uses Suitors for
Political Leverage

Anxiety of Heirless
Realm

Challenges and
...
Queen Elizabeth broadens British “Empire”
       Britain enters into slave trade
1583: Charter for Colony of Virginia Granted
1588: England “defeats” Spanish
            Armada
Phillip II sends Spanish Armada (the
superior naval force in Europe) to invade
England

A storm destroys the Armada

This ...
QEI addresses the troops at Tillbury in full armor


 “I know I have the body of a weak and
 feeble woman; but I have the ...
The Rainbow
 Portrait: 1600


     Imagery:
      Fertility
    Supremacy
   Surveillance
Passion Checked by
      Reason
1601: Essex
 Rebellion
Essex fails to quell rebellion
         in Ireland
Attempts to overthrow the
           Queen
     ...
1603: QEI dies heirless; Scottish James I comes into power
James I of Scotland comes to the Throne



King James I brings
peace but not faith in
the monarchy

Squanders funds

1611:...
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QUeen Elizabeth

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QUeen Elizabeth

  1. 1. Queen Elizabeth I Reigned 1558-1603
  2. 2. Reign of Henry VIII 1509: Becomes King and Marries Catherine of Aragon (his deceased brother’s widow) 1516: Catherine gives birth to Mary I 1533: HVII divorces Catherine and marries Anne Boleyn 1533: Elizabeth born 1536: Anne Executed
  3. 3. Religion under Henry VII Beginnings of the Reformation in England 1517: Martin Luther Protests Catholic Church at Wittenberg 1533: Divorce causes rift with Rome Henry declares himself Supreme Head of English Church English Church becomes increasingly Protestant
  4. 4. Edward VI 1537-1547-1553 1537: Edward VI born to Jane Seymour 1547: HVIII dies; Protestant Edward takes throne at age 10 1549: Edward VI abolishes Purgatory and “cult of the dead”
  5. 5. Key differences between Catholics and Protestants in the 16th Century: Catholics pledge Highest spiritual allegiance to the Pope authority in England is the Monarch Catholics believe in transubstantiation Protestants celebrate Lord’s Supper as Catholic faith in symbolic hierarchy and authority of the Protestants suspicious Roman Church of spectacle, images, ritual, icons
  6. 6. 1553: The Catholic Mary Tudor (daughter of Catherine of Aragon) comes into power Called “Bloody Mary” for persecution of Protestants Attempts to make England Catholic again Marries Phillip II of Spain
  7. 7. 1558: Queen Elizabeth (daughter of Anne Boleyn) takes the throne Protestant Persecutes Catholics for Allegiance Institutes Common Prayer Book
  8. 8. QEI Perpetuates Image of “Virgin Queen” Uses Suitors for Political Leverage Anxiety of Heirless Realm Challenges and Perpetuates Gender Roles
  9. 9. Queen Elizabeth broadens British “Empire” Britain enters into slave trade 1583: Charter for Colony of Virginia Granted
  10. 10. 1588: England “defeats” Spanish Armada
  11. 11. Phillip II sends Spanish Armada (the superior naval force in Europe) to invade England A storm destroys the Armada This defeat is celebrated as an “act of God” Back on the island, QEI is centralizing power in monarchy
  12. 12. QEI addresses the troops at Tillbury in full armor “I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm; to which rather than any dishonour shall grow by me, I myself will take up arms.”
  13. 13. The Rainbow Portrait: 1600 Imagery: Fertility Supremacy Surveillance Passion Checked by Reason
  14. 14. 1601: Essex Rebellion Essex fails to quell rebellion in Ireland Attempts to overthrow the Queen Stages Richard II Executed
  15. 15. 1603: QEI dies heirless; Scottish James I comes into power
  16. 16. James I of Scotland comes to the Throne King James I brings peace but not faith in the monarchy Squanders funds 1611: Commissions King James Bible

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