euroFOT Aachener Kolloquium, Ford


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  • The first European Large-Scale Field Operational Test on In-Vehicle Systems First European large-scale field operational test for evaluating the impact of nowadays active safety systems in vehicles. an FP7 Integrated Project in the frame of the DG Information-Society Programme
  • 9 OEMs: Ford, BMW, CRF (Fiat), DAG, CEESAR (Renault & PSA), MAN, VCC, VTEC, VW 3 Suppliers: Bosch, Continental, Delphi 6 Universities: ICCS (Greece), Chalmers (Sweden), University of Leeds (UK), RWTH Aachen, IZVW (Würzburg), Politechnico (Italy), 4 Research Institutes: CTAG (Spain), TNO (Netherlands), BAST (Germany), INRETS (France) 6 Others: ERTICO (Belgium), ALCOR (Italy), EICT (Germany), IMC (Germany), ADAS (Austria), Allianz (Germany)
  • Australia 2005 Drowsy Driver 26 drivers and 8 drivers in control group Ass. driver 2005 Aim high (initially 100 cars with ACC/LKS and finally 20 cars with ACC/LDW) ISA 2007 Intelligent Speed Adaptation trials Geschwindikeitsbegrenzung im Gaspedal RDCW 2005 Road Departure Crash Warning System Field Operational Test in the US 100 cars 2004 Sammeln von Crash etc. Daten
  • A selection of 8 functionalities will be tested in over 10*100 vehicles from 11 European OEM brands ( both passenger and commercial vehicles ) Main activities start in 4 different countries (not restricted to these countries only)
  • Time to Collision = Abstand zweier Fahrzeuge dividiert durch Geschwindigkeitsdifferenz Time to Headway = Zeit, zu der vom eigenen Fz. der gleiche Punkt wie beim vorausfahrenden Fz. passiert wird = Abstand dividiert durch Geschwindigkeit
  • Vehicle Management Center : The VMC is an entity which can be seen as the overall management entity. Each VMC represents a country in Europe. There are 4 VMCs in the euroFOT project: French VMC, German VMC, Italian VMC and Swedish VMC. Operation Center : An operation center is a sub-entity of a VMC dealing with the operational management . There are 5 Operation Centers: France, Germany Operation Center 1, Germany Operation Center 2, Italy and Sweden Operation Site : An operation site is directly linked to an OEM. It deals with the site management and the OEM specific aspects (Maintenance, Dealers…).   There are 9 Operation Sites: Ceesar-West Paris, Ford-Aachen-Köln, MAN-Munich, VW-Wolfburg, BMW-Munich, Daimler-Sindelfingen, CRF-Torino, Volvo-Gothenburg, VCC-Gothenburg.
  • A selection of 8 functionalities will be tested in over 10*100 vehicles from 11 European OEM brands ( both passenger and commercial vehicles ) Main activities start in 4 different countries (not restricted to these countries only)
  • euroFOT is the first European large-scale FOT on in-vehicle systems with a strong involvement of vehicle manufacturers all around Europe. We have 28 partners from 10 different countries … of which 9 OEMs, 3 Suppliers, Research and others 9 OEMs representing 11 European brands.
  • euroFOT Aachener Kolloquium, Ford

    1. 1. euroFOT: European Large Scale Field Operational Test on In-Vehicle Systems Bringing Intelligent Vehicles to the Road Christoph Kessler, Aria Etemad, Giancarlo Alessandretti Aachener Kolloquium, Oktober 2009
    2. 2. Contents <ul><li>The euroFOT project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives, functions, expected results </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Highlights for on-going activities </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons learned and conclusions </li></ul>
    3. 3. History <ul><li>EU Initiative (2001): Halving fatalities by 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>White paper – ‘European transport policy for 2010: time to decide’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road safety: Road Safety Action Programme (2003-2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>F ield op E rational te S t suppor T A ction FESTA 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect and publish how to do a FOT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Field Operational Tests in FP7 research program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (euroFOT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Devices (TeleFOT) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>euroFOT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposal in Oct 2007, launched by Ford Research Aachen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start in May 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 month duration till August 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>28 partners, 22 mio € budget, 14 mio € funding from EC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Assembly October 2009 </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Why field tests (euroFOT)? <ul><li>Intelligent Vehicles have a large potential for safer, cleaner and more efficient transport solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies are mature (several examples in series production) </li></ul><ul><li>Limited data on real-life operation and how drivers use the systems in ordinary traffic </li></ul><ul><li>This restricts our capabilities to improve the systems, understand their impacts and make the right decisions for deployment </li></ul>
    5. 5. euroFOT Objectives <ul><li>Perform multiple coordinated tests of Intelligent Vehicle Systems with ordinary drivers in real traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate performance, driver behaviour and user acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the impacts on safety, efficiency and the environment, based on road data </li></ul>
    6. 6. euroFOT Objectives (2) <ul><li>Consolidate a common European approach for FOTs </li></ul><ul><li>Improve public awareness on the potentialities of driver support functions </li></ul>
    7. 7. Functions under test <ul><li>Longitudinal control functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FCW Forward Collision Warning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACC Adaptive Cruise Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SRS Speed Restriction System </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lateral control functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BLIS Blind Spot Information System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LDW Lane Departure Warning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IW Impairment Warning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advanced applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CSW Curve Speed Warning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FEA Fuel Efficiency Advisor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SafeHMI Safe Human Machine Interaction </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Functions under test
    9. 9. Exposures in different FOTs Within euroFOT: 150 trucks 690 cars ~ 18,5 Mil. km Nr. vehicles 1 10 100 1000 4 8 12 16 0 FOT duration (months) 100 car 2004 Assisted driver NL_2006 RDCW – 2005 ACAS 2004 Australia 2005 ICC 1997 Mach 2005 Freightliner 2001 Volvo trucks Isa_UK 2007 euroFOT euroFOT-trucks only trucks cars
    10. 10. .... and the euroFOT approach <ul><li>Well developed ADAS and sensors on vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable Data Acquisition systems based on partners’ experience </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonised research questions / hypotheses for all fleets </li></ul><ul><li>Common definition of scenarios and performance indicators: specific approaches when necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Framework of guidelines for the operation of the different Vehicle Management Centres </li></ul>
    11. 11. Project plan
    12. 12. Highlights for on-going activities
    13. 13. Research Questions & Hypotheses (example) <ul><li>A research question is general, and has a question mark: </li></ul><ul><li>Does FCW decrease incidents? </li></ul><ul><li>Hypotheses are either true or false </li></ul><ul><li>FCW reduces occurence of decelerations above 5 m/s 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Hypotheses can only be tested by means of reasonable indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Hypotheses are statistically testable </li></ul><ul><li>euroFOT examined >100 hypotheses for FCW/ACC </li></ul><ul><li>(only top-hypotheses selected) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Events Scenario overtaking in day light in low traffic on rural road … <ul><li>For euroFOT: </li></ul><ul><li>25 events selected / 27 situation variables </li></ul><ul><li>81 performance indicators </li></ul><ul><li>About 110 corresponding measures </li></ul>Events and situation variables weather (e. g. rain) traffic (e. g. low volume) lighting (e. g. day light) road type (e. g. rural road) vehicle occupancy (e. g. 1 passenger) overtaking manoeuvre
    15. 15. Data Acquisition Systems <ul><li>Some specific issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Low energy consumption in sleep mode </li></ul><ul><li>Transmit data before entering sleep mode </li></ul><ul><li>Fully OEM-tested and compatible </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of proprietary data </li></ul><ul><li>Encryption of data </li></ul><ul><li>Driver annotation interface </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility of audio recording </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronisation with GPS </li></ul>
    16. 16. Data Acquisition Systems <ul><li>Three types of Data Acquisition Systems are considered: </li></ul><ul><li>CAN only  basic functionality for vehicle data and GPS </li></ul><ul><li>CAN + video  cameras will record both the road and the driver </li></ul><ul><li>CAN + video + extra sensors  some vehicles equipped with radar/lidar, head/eye trackers and other sensing devices </li></ul>
    17. 17. Data chain
    18. 18. Design of experiment <ul><li>Drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Represent as much as possible the population of buyers </li></ul><ul><li>Professional drivers in the case of trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Perfomance compared with and without the system (Baseline) </li></ul><ul><li>Control group introduced for several functions </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>According to the present EU market, technical feasibility and interests of manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Middle+top class cars, heavy trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Specific events defined (e.g: overtaking manoeuvre) </li></ul><ul><li>Situation variables specified (e.g: weather, visibility, driver status) </li></ul><ul><li>Performance indicators are the basis for the overall evaluation (e.g: mean speed, mean time headway, frequency of braking,…) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Vehicle Management Centres (VMC)
    20. 20. Selected lessons learned / Conclusions <ul><li>Use specific hypotheses; Prioritize hypotheses; Consider also combinations of functions </li></ul><ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of your position and dependencies </li></ul><ul><li>Include baseline conditions in the FOT </li></ul><ul><li>Define a sound data analysis plan, focused on quality (events, metrics) </li></ul><ul><li>Define how to deal with safety impact analysis (crashes will be a rare, hopefully absent event) </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate the management of operational aspects (e.g: subject drop-outs, maintenance, assistance to drivers…) </li></ul><ul><li>Plan long pilot tests and check technical / organisational issues </li></ul><ul><li>Aim high! Acquisition phase is long-winded </li></ul>
    21. 21. The Consortium
    22. 22. Project coordinator: Aria Etemad FORD Research & Advanced Engineering Europe Email: [email_address] Thanks for your attention