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American Bar Association ICC Project Topline-2017-07-14

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Ipsos polling data on Americans' opinions on the International Criminal Court and US-ICC relations. July 2017 report. www.international-criminal-justice-today.org

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American Bar Association ICC Project Topline-2017-07-14

  1. 1. 1 American Bar Association July 2017 1
  2. 2. METHODOLOGY AND TECHNICAL DETAILS This is the seventh wave of research for an ongoing Ipsos survey: ▪ Current fieldwork period: July 12-14, 2017  The previous waves were conducted February 21-24 and December 2-6, 2014 and April 2-6, November 16-18, 2015, April 22-25, 2016, July 11-12, 2016. ▪ The current survey interviewed a national sample of 1,017 adults  The previous waves included 1,005 adults, 1,004, 1,005, 1,003, 1,006, and 1,087 respectively.  These slides also contain some data filtered on just those respondents reporting that they know ‘A great deal’, ‘A fair amount’, or ‘ A little bit’ about the ICC at Q1 (cutting out those who say they know ‘Nothing at all’). This reduced the filtered base size to 506, and is referred to in the data as ‘Aware of ICC’ audience. ─ The first wave included 379 of these respondents ─ The second wave included 338 of these respondents ─ The third wave included 408 of these respondents ─ The fourth wave included 349 of these respondents ─ The fifth wave included 372 of these respondents ─ The sixth wave included 528 of these respondents ▪ Weighting then employed to balance demographics and ensure that the sample's composition reflects that of the U.S. adult population according to Census data and to provide results intended to approximate the sample universe. ▪ Statistical margins of error are not applicable to online polls because they are based on samples drawn from opt-in online panels, not on random samples that mirror the population within a statistical probability ratio. ▪ All sample surveys and polls may be subject to other sources of error, including, but not limited to coverage error, and measurement error. 2
  3. 3. 1.How much, if anything, would you say you know about the International Criminal Court? 8% 10% 29% 54% A great deal A fair amount A little bit Nothing at all Base: All Respondents (n=1,017) Knowledge of International Criminal Court 3
  4. 4. 1.How much, if anything, would you say you know about the International Criminal Court? Knowledge of International Criminal Court - Trend 54%55% 61%63%59%64%60% 29%26% 24%21%30%21%28% 10%9% 7%8% 9% 8% 8% 8%10%8%7% 2%7%4% July 2017July 2016April 2016November 2015 April 2015December 2014 February 2014 Nothing at all A little bit A fair amount A great deal 4 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017)
  5. 5. 2. Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each of the statements Attitudes towards U.S. Participation in ICC 38% 63% 70% 79% 25% 36% 62% 73% 21% 28% 5% 10% 10% 13% 45% 48% 12% 15% 52% 57% 57% 27% 21% 8% 31% 16% 26% 13% 27% 14% Agree Disagree Don't know The United States is currently a member of the International Criminal Court It is important for the United States to participate in international organizations that support human rights and that hold individuals accountable for mass atrocities Joining international organizations concerned with human rights and holding individuals accountable for mass atrocities is a risk to the US because it could hurt our autonomy We should dedicate US resources (financial, military, intelligence, etc) to international organizations that support human rights and that hold individuals accountable for mass atrocities It is not in our best interests to dedicate US resources (financial, military, intelligence, etc.) to supporting international organizations that support human rights and that hold individuals accountable for mass atrocities ALL Aware of ICC ALL Aware of ICC ALL Aware of ICC ALL Aware of ICC ALL Aware of ICC 5 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017); All at least aware of ICC (n=506)
  6. 6. 2. Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with each of the statements (Agree Only) Attitudes towards U.S. Participation in ICC - Trend 28 35 31 29 33 35 38 60 60 64 60 68 64 70 24 23 20 24 26 28 25 47 48 53 52 57 55 62 21 20 20 20 20 22 21 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Feb-14 Mar-14 Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 Oct-14 Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15 Feb-15 Mar-15 Apr-15 May-15 Jun-15 Jul-15 Aug-15 Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 Sep-16 Oct-16 Nov-16 Dec-16 Jan-17 Feb-17 Mar-17 Apr-17 May-17 Jun-17 Jul-17 The United States is currently a member of the International Criminal Court - Feb 2014 It is important for the United States to participate in international organizations that support human rights and that hold individuals accountable for mass atrocities- Feb 2014 Joining international organizations concerned with human rights and holding individuals accountable for mass atrocities is a risk to the US because it could hurt our autonomy - Feb 2014 We should dedicate US resources (financial, military, intelligence, etc) to international organizations that support human rights and that hold individuals It is not in our best interests to dedicate US resources (financial, military, intelligence, etc) to supporting international organizations that support human rights and that hold individuals accountable for mass atrocities - Feb 2014 % AGREE 6 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017)
  7. 7. Joining the International Criminal Court 3. The International Criminal Court (ICC)is the world’s only permanent international tribunal created by a treaty for the purpose of investigating and prosecuting war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity (mass atrocities). Currently, 122 countries are members of the International Criminal Court. The United States formally announced in 2002 that it would not become a member of the International Criminal Court for a multitude of reasons, including questions about the court’s jurisdiction and structure. Some people believe that the US should become more involved in or fully join the ICC so that we can use our considerable power, influence, and resources to support the important efforts of the Court to pursue individuals who have committed mass atrocities (when the perpetrator’s own country’s courts have failed to do so) Some people believe that the US should not join the ICC because it compromises our sovereignty as a nation, and because our standing in the world means our military personnel and civilian officials might be prosecuted via the ICC for political reasons Which of these statements comes closer to your personal opinion? 50% 21% 29% 64% 21% 15% The US should become more involved in or fully join the ICC The US should not join the ICC Don't know All Aware of ICC 7 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017); All at least aware of ICC (n=506)
  8. 8. Joining the International Criminal Court - Trend 3. The International Criminal Court (ICC)is the world’s only permanent international tribunal created by a treaty for the purpose of investigating and prosecuting war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity (mass atrocities). Currently, 122 countries are members of the International Criminal Court. The United States formally announced in 2002 that it would not become a member of the International Criminal Court for a multitude of reasons, including questions about the court’s jurisdiction and structure. Some people believe that the US should become more involved in or fully join the ICC so that we can use our considerable power, influence, and resources to support the important efforts of the Court to pursue individuals who have committed mass atrocities (when the perpetrator’s own country’s courts have failed to do so) Some people believe that the US should not join the ICC because it compromises our sovereignty as a nation, and because our standing in the world means our military personnel and civilian officials might be prosecuted via the ICC for political reasons Which of these statements comes closer to your personal opinion? 34 37 37 37 44 44 50 24 25 23 19 21 21 21 42 38 40 45 35 35 29 10 20 30 40 50 60 Feb-14 Mar-… Apr-14 May-… Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 Oct-14 Nov-… Dec-14 Jan-15 Feb-15 Mar-… Apr-15 May-… Jun-15 Jul-15 Aug-15 Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-… Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-… Apr-16 May-… Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 Sep-16 Oct-16 Nov-… Dec-16 Jan-17 Feb-17 Mar-… Apr-17 May-… Jun-17 Jul-17 The US should become more involved in or fully join the ICC The US should not join the ICC Don't know 8 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017)
  9. 9. The US should continue to dedicate moderate resources to supporting some actions of the ICC without formally joining, such as by providing satellite photos if our satellites are passing an area of interest to the ICC Joining the ICC would compromise America's sovereignty as a nation The US should become more engaged and involved in the ICC without becoming a member by making all forms of our vast governmental resources available to support the work of the ICC The US should become a full member of the International Criminal Court and robustly support all of its work. 4. For each of the statements below, please indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement. Attitudes towards U.S. Participation in ICC 50% 59% 30% 42% 39% 50% 36% 48% 19% 22% 37% 42% 27% 29% 27% 32% 31% 20% 33% 16% 35% 21% 37% 20% Agree Disagree Don't know ALL Aware of ICC ALL Aware of ICC ALL Aware of ICC ALL Aware of ICC 9 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017); All at least aware of ICC (n=506)
  10. 10. The US should continue to dedicate moderate resources to supporting some actions of the ICC without formally joining, such as by providing satellite photos if our satellites are passing an area of interest to the ICC Joining the ICC would compromise America's sovereignty as a nation The US should become more engaged and involved in the ICC without becoming a member by making all forms of our vast governmental resources available to support the work of the ICC The US should become a full member of the International Criminal Court and robustly support all of its work. 4. For each of the statements below, please indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement (Agree Only). Attitudes towards U.S. Participation in ICC - Trend 44% 47% 43% 42% 52% 49% 53% 0% 50% 100% 26% 28% 26% 24% 31% 32% 30% 0% 20% 40% 28% 31% 32% 33% 37% 37% 39% 0% 50% 22% 25% 24% 27% 32% 32% 36% 0% 20% 40% Feb-14 Apr-14 Jun-14 Aug-14 Oct-14 Dec-14 Feb-15 Apr-15 Jun-15 Aug-15 Oct-15 Dec-15 Feb-16 Apr-16 Jun-16 Aug-16 Oct-16 Dec-16 Feb-17 Apr-17 Jun-17 10 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017)
  11. 11. 4. For each of the statements below, please indicate whether you agree or disagree with the statement (Agree Only). Attitudes towards U.S. Participation in ICC - Trend 44 47 43 42 52 49 53 26 28 26 24 31 32 3028 31 32 33 37 37 39 22 25 24 27 32 32 36 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 Feb-14 Mar-14 Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 Oct-14 Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15 Feb-15 Mar-15 Apr-15 May-15 Jun-15 Jul-15 Aug-15 Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 Sep-16 Oct-16 Nov-16 Dec-16 Jan-17 Feb-17 Mar-17 Apr-17 May-17 Jun-17 Jul-17 The US should continue to dedicate moderate resources to supporting some actions of the ICC without formally joining, such as by providing satellite photos if our satellites are passing an area of interest to the ICC Joining the ICC would compromise America's sovereignty as a nation The US should become more engaged and involved in the ICC without becoming a member by making all forms of our vast governmental resources available to support the work of the ICC The US should become a full member of the International Criminal Court and robustly support all of its work 11 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017)
  12. 12. Methods of Combating Terrorism Q5a. There are a range of tactics to combat terrorism. These tactics include but are not limited to military, financial, and legal means. Which of the two tactics outlined below do you think is most effective in combatting the spread of terrorism? 20% 12% 52% 16% 21% 18% 53% 8% Military action with the goal of killing terrorists is the most effective way to combat terrorism Treating terrorists as criminals and prosecuting them in the courtroom is the most effective way to combat terrorism A combination of military action aimed at combating terrorism and criminal prosecution in the courtroom Don’t know All Aware of ICC 12 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017); All at least aware of ICC (n=506)
  13. 13. Perceptions of Terrorists Q5b. Some people compare terrorists to [INSERT AND REVERSE STATEMENTS A OR B BELOW]. Others compare terrorists TO [INSERT AND REVERSE STATEMENTS A OR B BELOW]. A. The mafia, because it is a network of criminals who conspire to commit crimes and who use violence to achieve their goals B. An army of zealots, because they are working to achieve a common, religious cause and who use violence to achieve their goals In your view, which of these is a better way of describing terrorists? 22% 45% 13% 3% 17% 26% 49% 14% 3% 8% The mafia, because it is a network of criminals who conspire to commit crimes and who use violence to achieve their goals An army of zealots, because they are working to achieve a common, religious cause and who use violence to achieve their goals Neither Other Don’t know All Aware of ICC 13 Base: All Respondents (n=1,017); All at least aware of ICC (n=506)
  14. 14. Ipsos Contacts Clifford Young President, US Ipsos Public Affairs 2020 K Street, NW, Suite 410 Washington, DC 20006 Phone: +1 202.420.2016 Email: clifford.young@ipsos.com Julia Clark Senior Vice President 222 S Riverside Plaza, Fifth Floor Chicago, IL 60606 Phone: +1 312.526.4919 Email: julia.clark@ipsos.com

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