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Introduction to Geography


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This is a ppt of those who are teaching or learning the basics of geography. Hope u like it!!

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Introduction to Geography

  1. 1. Made by Aayush
  2. 2. What is geography? Geography is the science that deals with the study of the Earth and its lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena. A literal translation would be to describe or write about the Earth. Four historical traditions in geographical research are the spatial analysis of natural and human phenomena (geography as a study of distribution), area studies (places and regions), study of man-land relationship, and research in earth sciences. Geography has been called the world discipline. As "the bridge between the human and physical sciences," geography is divided into three main branches—human geography, physical geography and environmental geography.
  3. 3. What is physical geography?Physical geography is one of the three major subfieldsof geography. Physical geography is that branch of naturalscience which deals with the study of processes andpatterns in the natural environment likethe atmosphere, biosphere and geosphere, as opposed tothe cultural or built environment, the domain of humangeography. Physical Geography can be divided intoseveral sub-fields, as follows: 1.Geomorphology 2.Hydrology 3. Glaciology4. Biogeograpy 5. Climatology 6.Meteorology7. Pedology 8. Paleogeography 9. Coastal geography10. Oceanography 11. Quaternary science12. Landscape Ecology 13. Geomatics 14. Environmentalgeography
  4. 4. What is human geography? Human geography is the second of the two major sub-fields of the discipline of geography. Human geography is the study of human use and understanding of the world, the spatial differentiation and organization of human activity and its interrelationships with the physical environment. Human geography differs from physical geography mainly in that it has a greater focus on studying human activities and is more receptive to qualitative research methodologies. Broadly speaking, human geography is a social science discipline, while physical geography is an earth science. Human geography is concerned with the study of spatial patterns of interactions between human beings and their physical environment. The main fields of study in Human Geography focus around the core fields of: 1. Culture 2. Development 3. Economic 4. Health 5. Historical 6. Political 7. Population 8. Tourism 9. Urban
  5. 5. What is environmental geography?Environment geography is a branch of geographythat analyzes the spatial aspects of interactionsbetween humans and the natural world. Thebranch bridges the divide between human andphysical geography and thus requires anunderstanding of the dynamics of geology,meteorology, hydrology, biogeography, andgeomorphology, as well as the ways in which humansocieties conceptualize the environment.
  6. 6. Quizz!!! Q1: Explain why ‘river’ is termed as physical geography while a ‘polluted river’ as environmental geography. Q2; In what ways our environment is polluted; protected? Q3: Describe your locality using key words. Does it have more human features or physical features? Why? Q4:Why do you think ICT is useful in geography? Q5:In what ways geography will help you throughout your life? (6pts) Q6: Make a list of careers in which knowledge and skills of geography will be a help. (6)