Hi I’m Ann Awakuni and today I’m going to focus mostly on ereaders--there have been a lot of exciting developments and announcements happening in the past few months and even in the past few days, so let’s get started!
So over the past several weeks, I’ve been conducting impromptu interviews with strangers on the street to find out how people feel about ebooks and ereaders. So this ie s just a quick 90 second video chronicling a few of those interactions. e-Reader ownership was 12% of the population in May 2011 - up from 6% in November 2010 (PewInternet.org).
E-Ink vs LCD Most readers use a type of electronic paper called E-Ink. These displays are known scientifically as electrophoretic and they involve the arrangement of pixels on a screen like you would draw on an Etch-a-Sketch. The etch a sketch requires energy to sketch, but once the pixels are in place, they stay in place without consuming power. Eink only uses power to change a page, which is the reason why they can run for days without recharging. E-Ink isn’t backlit. Like actual paper, it must be held under a light source. Relative to a LCD screen, eink eliminates glare and reduces eye-strain. Of course you can adjust the brightness on a tablet, but you do have limited viewing angles on a LCD screen and a limited battery charge. Liquid crystal display -
Slide 3: Kindle: So now let’s take a look at some of the more popular ereading devices— In a few different surveys last year, consumers said that if ereaders dropped below $100, they would consider buying one. Well Amazon paid heed and dropped the price of their Kindle wifi to $79—this is the version with ads. They’re also debuting their first LCD Kindle, and that’s what I’ve got pictured here—it’s called the Kindle Fire and it’s got a 7-inch color touch screen made of Gorilla glass which is supposedly 30x tougher than plastic. It comes with a new browser called Amazon silk. They call it a split-architecture browser, so basically it shifts some of the work from your kindle’s processor to Amazon’s powerful servers. This translates into faster search results and also because your searches are passing thru Amazon’s servers, Silk will start to learn your browsing patterns and pre-load the pages you read the most. If you’re concerned about privacy you can set it off-cloud mode. one of the coolest things about the Kindle is it’s Whispersync wireless technology that links all of your Kindle-enabled devices together. So You can read 30 pages on your iphone during your lunch break and then when you get home and turn on your Kindle, it knows exactly where you are. The new thing is that now you can also do the same thing with movies and TV shows--you can start watching a movie on your Kindle Fire and when you get home you can switch to your big screen. And of course the other big news is that the Kindle is now compatible with Overdrive. --------------
I just wanted to show you the spike in new Overdrive patron registrations for the No. Calif. Digital Libraries consortium. Sept. 21 was when the announcement came out for Kindle compatibility.
So Kobo was affiliated with Borders, and when that ship sank, Kobo and Borders tried to get everyone who had a Borders ebook account to migrate over to the Kobo ebook store. And just announced Tuesday that the Canadian e-reader maker Kobo is being taken over by Rakuten, a Japanese online retailer, for $315 million. So things are looking up for Kobo again, especially since the release of the new Kobo Vox, which is what I have pictured here. Like the Kindle Fire, Vox is a multi-use slate, allowing users to browse the Web, check email, listen to music, watch movies, play games, and store photos. It also offers extremely customizable reading--it has 7 font styles, 17 font sizes, you can adjustable the line spacing, margins and justification The Kobo Vox also offers a feature called Kobo pulse. See the reddish dot down at the bottom of the page--well if a lot of people are tweeting or creating FB comments about a particular passage then the pulse indicator will show up bigger and brighter on that particular page.
Slide 6: Nook So now what I’ve got pictured here is the new Nook Tablet, which is basically an upgraded Nook color, which will be available starting Nov. 18. They’ve doubled the Ram and storage. One thing it offers that the Kindle does not is a microSD card slot so that you can add more storage. Another advantage the Nook has over the Kindle is that its affiliated with a brick-and-mortar store --Barnes and Noble, so you can actually go in and try before you buy and also get help. Hulu and Pandora and Netflix come preinstalled on the Nook. Users can store media on Barnes & Noble's own Nook Cloud. --- B&N’s library has roughly 2 million items, whereas Amazon has 18 million items, but the Nook does have access to a slightly larger range of magazines. Nook Color, and it actually won the People’s Choice Award at the Consumer Electronics Show back in January. It beat out 200 other gadgets in the Last Gadget Standing competition. It’s gotten a lot of good reviews. If you’ve got your Nook with you in the Barnes & Noble store you can actually read any ebook for free for up to an hour daily. Nook was the first to offer the Lend-Me feature, and one of the big pluses with that feature is that at the end of the two weeks the book automatically returns itself to you. The Nooks are Overdrive compatible. The Nook Color’s price was dropped from $249 to $199 on Monday
Slide 6: Sony reader So the Sony reader wifi is the first dedicated ereader to offer wireless borrowing of OverDrive titles P reviously you had to transfer ebooks from your computer to your Sony reader , but this model has a dedicated icon on its touch screen's main menu to connect to OverDrive, and they just dropped the price from 149 to 129. One of the lightest ereaders out there at just under 6 oz. --------- Lightweight device offering basic ereading function If you’re looking for a detailed comparison of all of the readers I’ve talked about and several others that are out there, there’s a great ebook reader matrix on the mobileread wiki.
this is the ipad 2 which is lighter than the original ipad, has front and back cameras. Of course with the ipad you have access to not only ibooks which is Apples ebookstore but apps for Kindle and Nook and Kobo--there are over 140,000 ipad apps. What I’ve got pictured here on the screen is the Newstand app--it keeps all of your newspaper, magazine and journal subscriptions in one place -as new issues become available they automatically go on display Icloud is kinda like whyspersync. If you Buy a new book from the iBookstore, iCloud makes sure it appears everywhere — your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. So if you have to put it down, you can pick it back up on another device, in exactly the same place. One of the big pluses of ereaders is that you can enlarge the font to make any book a large print book, but the criticism has always been that it’s difficult for a person with low vision to access the various screens and controls. The ipad 2 can actually read to you a description of what you’re touching on the screen. -------------
So this past July the iriver Story HD made its debut, the main buzz surrounding this device is that it is the first ereader integrated with the open Google eBooks platform , through which you can buy and read Google eBooks over Wi-Fi. The standout feature of the Story HD is its high-definition E Ink display. A resolution of 768 x 1024 = very crisp fonts. Looks kind of like a first generation Kindle ---------------
Ebook lending sites are a growing trend. Both Nook and Kindle offer a lend to a friend feature that allows you to lend certain titles once for 2 weeks. So say you’re dying to read Chile Con Corpses, but there’s a big wait list at the library and you don’t want to pay full price, you can go to Booklending.com and they’ll match you up with someone who owns the title and is willing to lend it. It’s free and at the end of the two weeks the title is automatically returned to its owner. -------------- Book Lending – Book Lending is a website that matches lenders and borrowers of Kindle e-books. To participate in lending and borrowing Kindle books, you must first register as a user on the site or connect with Facebook Connect. You may lend/borrow a book once between Kindles. Eligible titles are very limited and mainstream authors are blocked for the most part. The service has been marketed to Kindle owners and is similar to e-book Fling which allows lending of Kindle and Nook titles between owners. This service is not currently available to libraries. Building off the availability of kindle titles at the library, here’s another way to get free content Amazon Prime $79 a year to lend titles/borrow titles The Easier, Faster & Smarter Way to Kindle! eReaderIQ provides Amazon Kindle price drop alerts, watches your favorite titles to let you know when they are available for Kindle, and gives you a regularly updated list of all non-public domain freebies on Amazon.com. We also offer a superior search engine which not only lets you search the Kindle store by genre and keyword, but also lets you define the price range, reader age, language and more! And, I almost forgot the most important thing: eReaderIQ is a free service
So here is a sampling of public libraries who loan out ereaders--of course the big news is that Sacramento Public Libraries launched a Nook pilot program this past spring and as of August they have a total of 315 ereaders distributed amongst their 28 branches. The east coast libraries really got a jump start on loaning ereaders--Sparta Public Library has been loaning since 2008--the reason why Kindle is so predominantly featured here is that when many of them starting lending ereaders, kindle was really the only thing on the market. So what are libraries doing with these ereaders?
Howe Library-example I spoke with Mary White, director of the Howe Library in New Hampshire, and they’ve been lending Kindles since October of 2008. Here is a sample of their Kindle borrowing agreement. Each of their kindles are preloaded with the same titles. They package them in padded camera bags that are intentionally too large to ﬁt through the book drop. Mary says they’ve never experienced any damage or theft. Print the instructions--most ereaders instructions are in the form of an ebook Power cable --not all readers come with a wall cable just with cable that plugs your reader into a computer and not all of your patrons have a computer Barcode it/tag it like you would any other item
Update from Mary White, Howe Public Library in Hanover, NH So I got an update from Mary White about a month ago, and she says that they’ve found that very few patrons now borrow their Kindles because so many have their own devices. In fact, she says they’re thinking of withdrawing the kindles from the collection since they get so little use. So basically they introduced this new technology and their patrons adopted that technology. So their ereader circ may be down but their ebook circ is one of the highest in New Hampshire. For the past year they’ve been putting more focus on having a tech table.
So whereas Amazon has kinda looked the other way with regard to all of these libraries loaning Kindles, Sony has actively pursued partnerships with libraries. Sony created the Sony Reader Library program to support ebook lending in libraries, and the San Diego Public Library has benefited from this program. When I spoke to San Diego back in Jan. they had a dozen Sony ereaders at 5 libraries and now they have 63 ereaders at 10 different branches so they’ve expanded their lending program quite a bit. Update: Sept 2011 We have a total of 63 e-reader at 10 branches. The program expanded from 5 branches to 10 branches. For some branches, there are a wait list, but for most branches, there are e-readers available to check out 3 P600 touch screen model and 1 p300 non touch screen model.
Here is a brief list of common practices among libraries that are loaning ereaders While the majority of libraries preload their devices and do not allow downloads, a few, such as Glencoe Library allow users to download one title that the library pays for—Glencoe sees the Kindle as a patron-driven collection device. Some libraries protect against patron shopping sprees by not having their acct. linked to the library’s credit card but rather a gift card. ----- Rule of 6--can download titles, transfer to 6 ereaders Barnes and Noble honor tax exempt status Consideration--acessories wall chargers--not all ereaders come with wall charger, some just plug into computer Screen protectors, cases, cables Barcode/tag it link it to circulation system Extended warranty -only covers parts/labors on defects Accidental damage protecton - covers real world damage Ereader terms of service: amazon kindle “our portable ereading device” Nook-your Nook ereader Nook has Community Relation Manager that will help you set up a lending program
If you don’t want to loan ereaders, you can still offer some for display. Chuck Cody at the Columbus Metropolitan Library was kind enough to send me some photos of the debut of their display.
And I contacted Chuck a couple of months ago and they’ve since downsized their display. Chuck says The decision was made to not include the iPad on future tables because of technical/behavioral issues (people kept using it as an internet computer rather than to try out its eReader capabilities and people would lock it, rendering it unusable until our IT folks could re-profile it). The Literati was eliminated because it never really worked correctly. The decision was made to include only one Sony reader. He says they often had technical issues with having multiple devices hooked up to a single laptop. Of course now Sony offers a wifi ereader so they wouldn’t have that problem.
If you aren’t interested in loaning ereaders or setting up a permanent display Examples of ebook/ereader programs In the Springtime you could have a program targeting summer travelers. In January or February we should all have a program targeting everyone who got an ereader for Christmas.
Jace Turner at the Santa Barbara public library sent me a copy of the flyer they use to publicize their ebook training session.
several colleges and schools are introducing their students to Kindles and other ereaders. And California legislature has enacted a law requiring college textbooks to be available in electronic format by 2020. What could the potential trickle down effect be for libraries? How are kids’ reading habits and expectations going to change? I’ve got a snapshot of the Kindle request form from the Univ. of West Florida Libraries. Update 11/2 Now you can check out Kindle or ipad
Here is North Carolina—their overdue charge is $10 a day—pretty steep. The Library as a “technology incubator”.
Buffy Hamilton sees her school media center as an agent of change and she’s actually chronicled the entire process of their Kindle loaning program, including how you can register up to 6 kindles on one account. Now this past July, Amazon’s Kindle Education dept. contacted Buffy and told her to remove the information on registering 6 devices per account to share digital content. So for K-12 and school libraries, Amazon is now asking that each device have its own account and its own email. So prior to being contacted by Amazon, Buffy was trying to decide whether to purchase more Kindles or get Nooks, and this solidified her decision to get Nooks. They are still using the 10 kindles that they have, and Buffy points out that that there are definite advantages to using ereaders with students. The first is privacy--she says that if a teen checks out 4 or 5 books, it’s hard to get them into a book bag without others seeing, but with an ereader no one knows.The second advantage is that students aren’t deterred by the length of a book--if you hand a reluctant reader a thick book it can be intimidating, but on an ereader, you can’t really tell how long the book is. -------- Amazon recommends schools register each Kindle to a single account. If you are looking for a library solution, we are working to include Kindle books in Overdrive.com’s offering to libraries before the end of the year.
So one of the ongoing debates surrounding ebooks is whether they are a greener option than print books.
Who has a smaller ecological footprint? To find out, we use a life cycle analysis (LCA), which evaluates the ecological impact of a product, at every stage of its existence—in this case, from cutting down trees for paper to the day when the iPad and the Kindle will end their lives. Apple and Amazon have recycling programs
So who is greener? Seemingly, it depends on who you ask. I read dozens of articles and looked at several studies and it’s really a mixed bag. A lot of variables: Toxic materials in ereaders--Apple is the most transparent Paper production produces a lot of greenhouse emissions and uses up a lot of water A lot more money is spent on transporting books Books can last hundreds of years, electronics have a limited life span Ewaste Ipad--multiuse Kindle with its e-ink pearl consumes According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the paper industry is the largest user of industrial process water in the U.S. The Dept of Energy estimates between 4,000 and 12,000 gallons of water to manufacture one ton of virgin wood pulp.
If we’re just comparing the carbon footprint, then the iPad for example releases 130 kg of CO2 during its manufacturing process according to Apple. Apple is one of the most transparent companies in the ereader industry in terms of releasing their environmental information. The average physical book produces 7.46 kg CO2, according to a report by Cleantech, so based on these numbers the iPad becomes a more environmental friendly option once its user reads the 18th book on it. Others think the breakeven point is closer to 50 books, but one thing everyone seems to agree on is that a lot depends on the owner of the device: so if you’re reading 6 or 7 books a year and you upgrade to a newer device every couple of years, then your ereader isn’t really helping the environment. I’ll let you know that several environmental groups such as the Sierra Club have noted on their sites that the greenest reading option is the public library. March 2011 infographic http://www.the9billion.com/2011/03/23/how-green-are-e-books-and-e-readers-infographic/
Trend in ereaders - integration with social media Sign in once in Settings, and suddenly you can tweet directly from Safari, Photos, Camera, YouTube, or Maps. At HarperCollins, for example, e-books made up 25 percent of all young-adult sales in January, up from about 6 percent a year before — a boom in sales that quickly got the attention of publishers there. New research from Affinity's American Magazine Study suggests that different age groups are gravitating toward different devices. Simply put, baby boomers are more likely to own e-readers, Gen Xers love tablets and Millennials are into their smartphones. Affinity's study found that older boomers (ages 50 to 64) are 19 percent more likely than other age groups to own an e-reader like Amazon's Kindle. Gen Xers (ages 30 to 49) are 16 percent more likely to own a tablet like Apple's iPad. And Millennials (those under 30) are 28 percent more likely to own a smartphone. Read On gives you achievement-based rewards and feedback on your reading prowess. You earn badges and unlock goodies as you reach certain plateaus.
You can import all of your Google® contacts to your NOOKcolor and share favorite lines or recommend books to friends, all with just a few simple touches via Facebook® or Twitter®.
Kobo allows you to track your own reading habits and activity—as well as your friends.
You can see what other readers think about what you just read. Rate and review books and share to Facebook.
Implications for libraries The concept of reading mashups or interactive reading experiences is going be a growing trend – an example is the online version of the wall street journal—they haven’t just digitized the paper, they’ve created a dynamic new product with video, interactive charts, user comments, animation—there’s added value there. It’s an enhanced reading experience. As people become more accustomed to this style of reading, you’ll see the evolution of a haiku culture. We’re moving away from SSR - Sustained and silent reading and I would add to that solitary, and instead we’re engaging in a reading experience that can be characterized as more sensory, social and shallow. It’s going to change the reading habits of future generations, and I would argue that anything with the power to change our reading habits has the potential to change libraries. It’s going to contribute to the growing list of digital literacy skills that people need to learn in order to be successful, and at the same time that we’re helping the have-nots keep up, we ourselves need to keep up with the digital haves who are increasing going to demand convenience, self service, mobile service. And more people are going to become format agnostic or prefer electronic over print. We should ask ourselves: What role does the library play in society’s experimentation with reading? Now, that being said, Ereaders are definitely going to be part of our future, because at some point they will be too cheap not to use. Prices are going to go down and the capabilities of these devices is going to go up and the availability of content in electronic format is going to increase.
From the E-Book To… So one final thought I’ll leave you with is what do you think the future of the ereader will be or could be? When a new technology is introduced to the world, it tends to be introduced in reference to an existing one. The automobile was first known as the “horseless carriage” and the train as “the iron horse.” Of course in both cases the reference disappeared as the technology grew into something all its own. Both the automobile and the train shaped society in ways no one could have predicted. The global eBook market is one of the fastest growing segments of the consumer technology industry, and The ereader has gone from being a gadget for techie people to a mainstream device. I think we’re poised to see ereaders make an even greater impact on society.
Slide 19: Resources We need to educate ourselves and support the education of our staff. I’ve heard some people say that we should just concede that the ebook war is over and libraries have lost. I don’t think that’s true, I think the war will be lost if we don’t show up to battle. What are we battling for? We’re battling for our users’ digital rights and for a pricing and loaning model that makes sense for us. The ebook industry is still fairly young and decisions are still being made; the balance of power is still in flux. We need to talk to the producers and distributors of content and
ereaders in a nutshell - CLA - Awakuni
<ul><ul><li>Ann Awakuni – CLA/CSLA, November 2011 </li></ul></ul>Ereaders in a Nutshell <ul><li>We’ll cover: </li></ul><ul><li>Eink vs LCD </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of how libraries are using ereaders </li></ul><ul><li>How green is your ereader? </li></ul><ul><li>Implications for libraries </li></ul>
Man-on-the-street interviews: What do people think about ebooks and ereaders?
E-ink vs. LCD E-INK: KINDLE, NOOK & SONY READER FRONTLIT; NEED A LIGHT SOURCE EASIER ON THE EYES GOOD BATTERY LIFE: 2-4 WEEKS LONGER PAGE REFRESH LCD (TABLET): IPAD, KINDLE FIRE , KOBO VOX, NOOK TABLET BACKLIT, GLARE HARSHER ON THE EYES 8-10 HOUR BATTERY W/ WIFI INSTANT PAGE TURN
Kindle - Amazon <ul><li>(6 inch) wifi $79, 3g - $139, Kindle Fire (color, touch) - $199 </li></ul><ul><li>Kindle Fire debuts on Nov. 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon Silk - new cloud-powered browser (Flash supported) </li></ul><ul><li>8GB - Capacity: 6,000 books </li></ul><ul><li>14.6 oz. </li></ul><ul><li>Whispersync: “in the cloud”; free cloud storage </li></ul><ul><li>Now Compatible with Overdrive </li></ul>
Northern Calif. Digital Libraries Overdrive Content Reserve statistics Kindle/Overdrive compatibility announced 9/21/11
Kobo <ul><li>Kobo Wifi $99; Kobo Touch $129; Kobo Vox $199 </li></ul><ul><li>Being taken over by Japanese online retailer-Rakuten </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Life awards: “The Twain--read daily for two weeks” “The Juggernaut--read over 10,000 pages” </li></ul><ul><li>Kobo Pulse--community reading stats </li></ul>
Nook - Barnes & Noble <ul><li>$99 - Nook Simple Touch; $199 - Nook Color; $249 - Nook Tablet available Nov. 18 </li></ul><ul><li>8GB - 16GB, can add up to 32 GB with microSD </li></ul><ul><li>Wifi free connect to any at&t hotspot, (no 3G, 4G) </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 magazines & newspapers + Special Interactive NOOK Editions of magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Netflix, Hulu & Pandora come preinstalled on Nook Tablet </li></ul><ul><li>Nook Cloud </li></ul>
Sony ereader <ul><li>Reader wifi, PRS T1 - $149; on sale now for $129 </li></ul><ul><li>1 st ereader to offer wireless borrowing of Overdrive titles </li></ul><ul><li>E-ink Pearl V220 touchscreen </li></ul><ul><li>Black and white </li></ul><ul><li>6-inches, 6 oz. </li></ul><ul><li>Take notes with finger or stylus </li></ul><ul><li>2GB, up to 32GB with micro SD </li></ul>
iriver Story HD (Google) <ul><li>$139.00 </li></ul><ul><li>6-inch </li></ul><ul><li>High-definition e-ink display 768 x 1024 </li></ul><ul><li>First eReader integrated with Google eBookstore </li></ul><ul><li>No note-taking, no highlighting </li></ul>
Ebooks & crowdsourcing: ebook lending sites <ul><li>Booklending.com - (pictured) matches Kindle borrowers & lenders - FREE </li></ul><ul><li>Ebookfling - lend and borrow Nook & Kindle ebooks; earn borrowing credits with every ebook you loan or pay $1.99 to borrow </li></ul><ul><li>Kindle Owners Lending Library - Amazon Prime members ($79 annual subscription) can borrow one book per month </li></ul><ul><li>Lendle - get paid for loaning your Kindle books, you can borrow too </li></ul><ul><li>ereaderIQ - tracks Kindle price drops & titles that have been recently “Kindlized” </li></ul>
Libraries lending ereaders Library Kindle Kobo Nook Sony Frank L. Weyenberg Library, WI X Glencoe Public Library, IL X Manchester Public Library, MA X X Howe Public Library, NH X Palm Harbor Library, FL X Perrot Memorial Library, CT X X Reedsburg Public Library, WI X Sacramento Public Library, CA X San Diego Public Library, CA X Sparta Public Library, NJ X X X Westchester Libraries, NY X Westwood Library, MA X X Whitman Public Library, MA X X X Wilmington Public Library, MA X X X
Lending Kindles (since Oct. 2008): Howe Public Library, NH <ul><li>Howe Library </li></ul><ul><li>Kindle Borrowing Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>You are responsible for damage, loss or theft of the Kindle while it is checked out to you. </li></ul><ul><li>You will be responsible for the entire replacement cost of the Kindle ($360.00) as well as a packaging and processing fee ($____) for a total of $_______. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not leave the Kindle unattended when it is checked out to you. Use of the Kindle is restricted to the content installed. Downloading additional content is not permitted. You must be 18 years old or older in order to borrow this item. </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ ___________________ Print name Phone # </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________ ____________________ Signature Date </li></ul><ul><li>Howe Kindle #____ </li></ul>
<ul><li>Howe Library’s Tech Table: iPad, a Motorola Xoom tablet, a Kindle, and two different Nooks </li></ul>Update from Howe Library (Sept. 2011): Kindle usage - Low Overdrive usage - High
Lending Sony eReaders: San Diego Public Library <ul><li>Currently loan 63 ereaders at 10 branches, up from 12 Sony eReaders at 5 different libraries in Jan. </li></ul><ul><li>21-day check-out </li></ul><ul><li>Must have a library card & photo ID </li></ul><ul><li>Received a grant from Sony to increase their ebook collection </li></ul>SDPL Central Library
Libraries loaning ereaders Common Practices <ul><li>Loan periods: 2 hours to 3 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Age restriction: must be 18 years old to check out </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: Friends of the library, grants </li></ul><ul><li>Storage: Kept in a glass display case when not in use </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of devices are preloaded </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing titles: Kindle/Nook-6 devices per title; Sony-5 devices </li></ul><ul><li>Unauthorized purchases are prevented by using gift cards or deregistering the account </li></ul>
Columbus Metropolitan Library <ul><li>Nook, Kindle, Literati, Ipad, Kobo, and Sony e-readers </li></ul><ul><li>Located next to reference desk. </li></ul><ul><li>Not a download station; used to demo Overdrive and allow “customers to handle and compare some of the more popular devices” </li></ul>Installed 12/27/10 “ Genius bar”
<ul><li>Columbus Metropolitan Library Update Sept. 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller ereader stations </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminated ipad & Literati and include only 1 Sony </li></ul>
Reedsburg, WI Santa Clara County, CA Ebook programs
Santa Barbara Public Library <ul><li>Sony Reader Library Program </li></ul><ul><li>Library staff received a 2-hour training session and 4 eReaders </li></ul>
What are schools doing? <ul><li>Univ. of West Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Oregon State Univ. </li></ul><ul><li>Suffolk Univ. (Boston) </li></ul><ul><li>Texas A&M Univ. </li></ul><ul><li>NCSU </li></ul>
Kindles @ The Unquiet Library http://theunquietlibrary.libguides.com/kindles <ul><li>Videos: </li></ul><ul><li>How to catalog a Kindle </li></ul><ul><li>Student opinions on Kindle reading experience </li></ul><ul><li>Creekside High Canton, GA </li></ul>
Are e-books “ greener ” than p-books? <ul><li>Life Cycle Assessment: </li></ul><ul><li>material production </li></ul><ul><li>product manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>product distribution </li></ul><ul><li>product use </li></ul><ul><li>end-of-life management </li></ul>Who has a smaller ecological footprint?
Pixels vs. Paper Mixed bag Life span of books vs. electronics Paper industry is the largest user of water Transportation costs: 1 gallon of gas = 20 lbs. of CO2 E-waste: Only 10% of electronics are recycled
Carbon Footprint <ul><li>CO2 Emissions: </li></ul><ul><li>iPad Wi-Fi + 3G Model = 130 kg CO2; iPad2 = 105 kg CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>average print book = 7.46 kg CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>Breakeven point: ipad becomes a more environmentally friendly option once user reads their 18th book </li></ul>User behavior is a big factor: How many books do you read? How long will you keep the device before switching to a new one? Will you recycle the device?
Ereaders and social media iPad2: Twitter integrated into iOS5 Sign in once; tweet directly from apps
Implications for libraries <ul><li>Reading mashups - the value added experience </li></ul><ul><li>“ Haiku culture” - changing reading habits </li></ul><ul><li>A new information literacy - helping the have nots & keeping up with the haves </li></ul><ul><li>More people will become format agnostic or prefer electronic over print </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing demand for convenience, self-service </li></ul><ul><li>Direct to mobile </li></ul>Alice on the ipad
Future of the ereader Automobile - “horseless carriage” Locomotive - “iron horse”
Resources <ul><li>eBook readers in libraries Facebook group </li></ul><ul><li>COSLA ebook feasibility study for public libraries </li></ul><ul><li>The Unquiet Library </li></ul><ul><li>Edukindle </li></ul><ul><li>Good ereader </li></ul><ul><li>No Shelf Required </li></ul><ul><li>Teleread </li></ul>
Special thanks to: Thank you to the following individuals for sharing the results of their separate ereaders in libraries surveys: Crista Cannariato, Yolo County Library Sian Waterfield, Cambridge Library - Ontario
Image credits <ul><li>Alice for the ipad: ipodtouchlab, www.youtube.com </li></ul><ul><li>Closing image: OLPC XO-2, www.blog.laptopmag.com </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile: 1stcarsinfo.com </li></ul>
Thank you <ul><ul><li>Ann Awakuni – CLA/CSLA, November 2011 </li></ul></ul>