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AAUP 2011: XML Workflows (M. Haskell)


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AAUP 2011: XML Workflows (M. Haskell)

  1. 1. XML, DTDs, OMG <ul><ul><li>Michael Haskell, Publishing Systems Manager, Columbia University Press </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. XML Workflows and DTD Choices <ul><li>About Columbia University Press </li></ul><ul><li>Models of XML workflows: kinds, challenges, strengths </li></ul><ul><li>DTDs: Use what you know </li></ul>
  3. 3. Columbia University Press <ul><li>Established 1893 </li></ul><ul><li>160 new book titles per year </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse publishing program </li></ul><ul><li>Mixture of in-house, freelance, and packaged composition </li></ul>
  4. 4. XML and Scholarly Publishing: Use What You Know <ul><li>Most scholarly publishing still driven by “the book”—print or, increasingly, digital </li></ul><ul><li>Printed book is one product of the underlying content </li></ul><ul><li>Apply bookmaking expertise to development of XML workflow and digital publishing: use the resources you have </li></ul>
  5. 5. Possible XML Workflows <ul><li>XML early </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Editors and authors work in XML-editing application </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XML in the middle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XML extracted from word processing and used for typesetting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XML late </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Final application files or PDFs converted to XML after book is complete </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Pros, Cons <ul><li>XML early </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires buy-in: Editors and authors must learn to use new software. Allows repurposing throughout publishing process. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XML in the middle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No need to learn new software. Allows repurposing. Relies on standardization to preserve XML after typesetting. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XML late </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No new software. Requires financial investment to convert each title after composition. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. CUP: XML in the Middle <ul><li>XML is behind the scenes: neither production editors nor comps need to learn an XML-editing program </li></ul><ul><li>Authors can receive edited MS files in Word and page proofs as PDFs: no need to touch XML </li></ul><ul><li>Styles applied in Word lead directly to tag set in XML—and this influences the creation of the DTD </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Great Divide <ul><li>Two major facets of an XML workflow: pre- and post-production (typesetting) </li></ul><ul><li>The XML must work for both typesetting and other purposes further down the line </li></ul><ul><li>This break can cause headaches—and bridging it is an important part of the XML workflow and a major consideration in establishing the DTD </li></ul>
  9. 9. What Does a DTD Do? <ul><li>Establishes a set of rules that govern the structure of an XML document or set of documents </li></ul><ul><li>Defines how each element relates to all others and to the document or collection </li></ul><ul><li>Natural connection between typesetting styles and DTD elements—use what you know! </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple DTDs: useful? </li></ul>
  10. 10. CUP DTD
  11. 11. CUP Styles in Word
  12. 12. CUP Styles in Word
  13. 13. Granularity: It’s What’s for Breakfast <ul><li>How much do you need to communicate? </li></ul><ul><li>How often does the situation come up? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the ramifications for digital use? </li></ul>
  14. 14. CUP Custom Styles
  15. 15. Off-the-Shelf DTDs <ul><li>Docbook, TEI, and so on </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt workflow and DTD to match? </li></ul><ul><li>Transform to match at the back end? </li></ul>
  16. 16. XML, DTDs, OMG <ul><ul><li>Michael Haskell, Publishing Systems Manager, Columbia University Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>