AAUP 2008: Library Collection Today (J. Schmidt)


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  • Still queries about origins of libraries – while collections of books and libraries existed in Egypt and Mesopotamia, it is considered that it was the Greeks and Romans who really established library traditions – perhaps that is why the words for library in European languages reflect this.
  • AAUP 2008: Library Collection Today (J. Schmidt)

    1. 1. Developing a Library Collection Today: The Library’s Second Life Janine Schmidt, Trenholme Director of Libraries
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>The challenges of change </li></ul><ul><li>What is a library today? </li></ul><ul><li>McGill’s collections </li></ul><ul><li>McGill’s approach to collecting </li></ul><ul><li>The future </li></ul>
    3. 3. John Harvard
    4. 4. The challenges <ul><li>C lient base – culturally diverse, millennials, smarter, savvier? </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple information formats – e-everything, maintenance of print and online? </li></ul><ul><li>Information and communications technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers everywhere, laptops, constant connectivity , wireless, memory sticks, PDAs, Blackberries, googleisation, mobile devices, social networking - everything is on the net and is free </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New disciplinary and research approaches, cyberinfrastructure, e-science, e-humanities </li></ul><ul><li>New ways of working </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-learning, M-learning – Learning management systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource based learning, Problem based learning, Inquiry based learning, learning for life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any pace, any space, any time, Just in case, just in time, just for you </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rising costs, static income </li></ul><ul><li>Fading facilities </li></ul>
    5. 5. Print vs digital content
    6. 6. Changes in Scholarly Communication <ul><li>Everyone is “expert”, a knowledge consumer and producer </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility passing from academic/professional societies to commercial publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs, individual websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fee to publish, free to read e.g. BiomedCentral, Public Library of Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing requirements of research funding bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative commons licenses </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Web 2.0 and social networking
    8. 8. The new communication media? http://www.theage.com.au/ffximage/rgn_wikipedia_wideweb__470x458,2.jpg IViewed March 25 th , 2008) http://www.weblogcartoons.com/cartoons/facebook.gif (Viewed 23rd March, 2008)
    9. 9. The Google way <ul><li>Universal search, google scholar </li></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Currently words, images, music, - Future - films, TV shows, video/radio broadcasts, books, academic papers, pamphlets, government documents, music, maps, charts, blogs, in all languages </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ organizing all the world’s information and making it universally accessible and useful” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Finding objects, people – RFID tags, URLs to people </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>IGoogle - personalized search, monitor search and surfing history – who we are, age, jobs, marital status, holidays etc </li></ul><ul><li>Gmail, Google Maps and Google Earth on our mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud computing, GoogleApps - store on remote servers, vast super computer </li></ul><ul><li>Big Brother, hostile to privacy OR map of human knowledge to enable others to find trade routes in the new information economy, information democracy </li></ul>
    10. 10. What is a library today? <ul><li>A collection of books used for reading or study, or the building or room in which such a collection is kept – edifice - “come and get it” </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge bank, learning hub, research repository, scholars’ portal, acculturation of scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Library still collects physical information resources in many formats but also curates content and collates access to online resources located elsewhere, organizes them and makes them available for use – POP and WOW </li></ul><ul><li>Library “broadcasts” through website and “narrowcasts” to individual needs </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Library’s Second Life <ul><li>Emphasize our clients </li></ul><ul><li>Expand the collections – virtually and really </li></ul><ul><li>Refurbish the facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Develop new services e.g. alumni </li></ul><ul><li>Provide improved ways of accessing and using information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance the website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve search interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensure users know how to use information as well as access it </li></ul>
    12. 12. The current collections at McGill <ul><li>Over 6 million “real” items, ranging from Audubon Birds of America, clay tablets and medieval manuscripts to popular DVDs </li></ul><ul><li>37,000 e-journals “bundled” by publisher e.g. Elsevier ScienceDirect with over 2000 journals and 8 million articles or intermediary vendors e.g. Business Source Premier (Ebsco) with 3118 complete business journals, many purchased consortially through CRKN (Canadian Research Knowledge Network), CREPUQ (Conseil des recteurs et principaux des universites du Quebec), as well as individual arrangements, with 8000 journals held online from volume 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1 million e-books, including e-theses </li></ul><ul><li>40,000 real books purchased annually </li></ul><ul><li>9,000 real journal titles purchased annually (dwindling) </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive microform holdings being transformed to online </li></ul><ul><li>Streaming video, audio databases, DVDs, CDs, IPods, data </li></ul>
    13. 13. The budget at McGill <ul><li>$32 million – collections, $14.2 million, staff $13.5 million, equipment etc. $4.3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$9.2 million – journals/continuing e-book resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$5 million – “monographs” – including document delivery and interlibrary loans, OCLC membership, processing charges, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allocation to disciplines/schools using formula involving student, staff numbers, average price of book, and perceived extent of use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textbooks acquired to support student learning ($300,000) according to a formula related to demand/use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual/aural media for a visual generation – public performing rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reserve collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 50% of budget spent on electronic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Budget does not expand at rate of increase of costs (5+% vs CPI) </li></ul><ul><li>In next 20 years, 25-40% purchasing collections and 40-60% curating content ( David Lewis. “A strategy for academic libraries the first quarter of the 21 st century””. College & Research Libraries vol.68 Dept. 2007 p.427-7) </li></ul>
    14. 14. The collecting approach at McGill <ul><li>Collection development policies in some areas </li></ul><ul><li>Shelf ready purchasing is a priority for real and virtual </li></ul><ul><li>OCLC Worldcat Selection, YBP and Coutts profiles for selection </li></ul><ul><li>Require easy entry of online records already available </li></ul><ul><li>Selection done primarily by liaison librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty and student suggestions automatically acquired </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmark what we acquire against peer institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews used for expensive purchases/major uncertainties </li></ul><ul><li>Digitizing uniquely held materials </li></ul><ul><li>Strong holdings of government information, with Canadian items received on deposit </li></ul>
    15. 15. Your librarian <ul><li>Personal search engine </li></ul><ul><li>Liaison librarian, information consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Assessing client needs </li></ul><ul><li>Helping clients connect to information, and use it effectively, in any format, from anywhere, to anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Acquiring collections and curating content to meet client needs </li></ul><ul><li>Training users in information skills </li></ul>
    16. 16. The users are <ul><li>Asking fewer questions </li></ul><ul><li>Borrowing fewer books </li></ul><ul><li>Using “Snatch” and “grab” search techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Reading online </li></ul><ul><li>Wanting to save time </li></ul><ul><li>Doing things easily, accessing information via Google and the Wikipedia </li></ul>
    17. 17. The Future <ul><li>Ever more e </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing financial pressures to be accommodated </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on service delivery and skills training of users </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplicity of media </li></ul><ul><li>Save time for both the user and the library </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasise holdings of special collections and rare books </li></ul><ul><li>Bookless library is as real as the paperless office </li></ul>
    18. 18. Thank you for listening Questions?