Tourism Presentations

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Tourism Presentations

  1. 1. Thailand <ul><li>Hannah, Sian and Lisa </li></ul>
  2. 2. Background Info <ul><li>Total population of 65 million </li></ul><ul><li>In 1969, tourists numbers were only 469,000 </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006 the number of tourists reached 11.5 million, higher than any other country in Asia Pacific region except China. 62% came from Asia and 25% from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The growth has increased constantly since 1970, although there was a dip in the late 1990s when the country experienced a financial crisis </li></ul><ul><li>More recently tourist numbers have been affected by international terrorism, the 2004 tsunami, bird flu and the SARS </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007 tourism contributed to 6.7% of Thailand’s overall GDP </li></ul>
  3. 3. Relationship between international tourism and GDP per capita
  4. 4. Thailand’s main Attractions <ul><li>Diving sites </li></ul><ul><li>Sandy beaches </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Night Life </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeological sites </li></ul><ul><li>Museums </li></ul><ul><li>Hill Tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Bird Life </li></ul><ul><li>Palaces </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist Temples </li></ul><ul><li>World Heritage Sites </li></ul><ul><li>Festivals eg. ‘Phi Ta Khon’ in Dan Sai </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tourism Development Projects <ul><li>International Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Suvarnabhumi Airport </li></ul><ul><li>Eco Tourism Development and Wildlife Conservation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kaeng Krachan NP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tai Muang Marine National Park </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Suvarnabhumi Airport <ul><li>Meaning ‘Golden Land’ </li></ul><ul><li>Bangkok’s main international airport </li></ul><ul><li>World’s thirds largest single -building airport terminal </li></ul><ul><li>Handled 40.5 million passengers in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Bangkok’s airport re-opened on 4th December 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Costing an estimated $3.8 billion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Benefits of Tourism <ul><li>Tourism has been Thailand's largest source of foreign currency since 1982. </li></ul><ul><li>At least one million Thais work in the tourist industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Many thousands more make a living producing and selling handicrafts to tourists. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism brings international prestige to Thailand. </li></ul><ul><li>Earnings from tourism help to pay for improvements to Thailand's infrastructure - new airports in Bangkok and Chiang Mai, new highways, better water and sewage systems. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problems with tourism <ul><li>Many of the jobs in the tourist industry are low paid and low skilled. </li></ul><ul><li>Hotel construction along some stretches of coastline has denied access to local people. </li></ul><ul><li>It has also destroyed some wildlife habitats and natural vegetation. </li></ul><ul><li>Bad publicity can lead to a drop in tourist arrivals. Following a massacre of 50 students during a demonstration in 1992 the numbers of tourists dropped by 4%. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Thank you for watching <ul><li>We hope you enjoyed it! </li></ul>
  10. 10. CHINA <ul><li>By Steph Nutman and Eilish MacLaren </li></ul>
  11. 11. China’s main tourist attractions <ul><li>Great Wall of China - There are more than 4 million tourists that visit The Great Wall each year </li></ul><ul><li>Forbidden City </li></ul><ul><li>Yangtze River </li></ul><ul><li>Terracotta Army </li></ul><ul><li>Silk Road </li></ul><ul><li>Temple of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Mountain </li></ul><ul><li>Li River </li></ul>
  12. 12. Outbound tourism <ul><li>Over the last decade Chinese outbound tourism has increased rapidly. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005 around 31 million travelled abroad and in total spent $15.2, thats about $500 per person. </li></ul><ul><li>At the moment only 2% of Chinas population have travelled abroad but it is estimated that in 2020 China will be the largest source of outbound tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>The increase of outbound tourism is thought to be caused by: rising disposable incomes, longer holidays, more interest in travel overseas and greater availabiliy of travel services and products. </li></ul>
  13. 13. OUTbound tourism At the start of 1993, there were only about 1-2 million outbound tourism. Within 10 years this number had increased to 21 million, nearly 7 10 times from before. The pink bars show the predicted figures for outbound tourism. In 2020 it is predicted that there will 100 million outbound tourists travelling out of China, this shows that in the future there will be more disposable income and easier access to other countries.
  14. 14. Inbound tourism As more tourists come into the country, there’s a higher amount of revenue for China to use and to spend.
  15. 15. China’s tourism development <ul><li>Since China is such a cultural, old country most of the popular tourist destinations such as The Great Wall of China are historical and enriched with China’s history. This means that any new tourist developments are approached with caution due to the surrounding landscape, so therefore makes it difficult to gain permission from the Chinese government. Another factor that may hinder development of new tourist projects are the natural hazards, for China suffers from many earthquakes. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Iceland <ul><li>By Annie, Fatma and Nomi </li></ul>
  17. 17. Who visits Iceland? Visitors to Iceland are generally well off: The cost of living is high and there are budget airlines that fly to Reykjavik Iceland’s successful tourism industry is geared to a niche market: Relatively wealthy Europeans and North Americans with an interest in and concern for the environment and wildlife Similar groups of ecotourists can be found in places like Alaska, Patagonia, Costa Rica and the Himalayas. Given the relatively modest scale of tourism in Iceland and countries rugged landscapes, the ecological footprint of tourism is small and the industry is sustainable.
  18. 18. Iceland’s main tourist attractions <ul><li>The Blue Lagoon in Iceland </li></ul><ul><li>The Blue Lagoon is certainly one of the most visited places in Iceland and that is because this body of water is considered to be one of the most supernatural on Earth. What to expect from the Blue LagoonThe Blue Lagoon it is a geothermal spa, all this time you can also enjoy the beautiful surroundings that consist of amazing lava fields and unique black sandy beaches. The sea water comes to the lagoon from the wells that can be found 2000 m (6000 f) deep. The water is warm throughout the whole year never dropping below 36 C (100 F). The properties of this sea water (rich in mineral salt, silica and blue green algae) are excellent for providing you the relaxation you need. The silica has exfoliating properties having a revitalizing effect for your skin and the mineral salt is perfect for relaxing and balancing your body. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Nature reserves in Iceland – Dorsmork </li></ul><ul><li>There are many nature reserves in Iceland and one of the most famous one is Dorsmork. On the way to one of the greatest nature reserves in Iceland – Dorsmork you can also stop and check out the deserted fishing station at Selatangar, which is famous because it is one of the few of its kind left as an example of how people used to live in Iceland .This nature reserve is actually a valley and the landscapes here are truly breathtaking. If you visit the large valley of Dorskmork with its round fields, straight canyons and colourful flowers, you will truly understand why the place has been an inspiration for so many Icelandic artists. The whole place is surrounded by three majestic glacier peaks. </li></ul><ul><li>The West Fjords in Iceland </li></ul><ul><li>The West Fjords is actually a spectacular chain of mountains, this part of the country is 13 million years old. This is certainly the best place to visit for those who enjoy unspoiled nature. The mountains here are made by glaciers, which have dug up the fjords. By the end of ice age the glaciers started to melt, thus leaving the amazing mountains of The West Fjords. This region is the least populated in Iceland apart from the highlands. Seabirds, Arctic foxes and small villages, whose inhabitants have been fighting with the forces of nature for centuries provide life in the area. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Waterfalls in Iceland </li></ul><ul><li>Iceland ’s natural beauty is perfectly complemented by the numerous and almost magical waterfalls that are spread throughout the country. The northern waterfalls, such as Selfoss, Goðafoss (God's Falls) and Aldeyjarfoss are very well known tourist attractions, yet they still manage to capture and retain the primordial magic that characterises any wild waterfall. The magnificent Dettifoss is also a wonder of nature and it is the most powerful European waterfall. The southern part of Iceland also has some extraordinary waterfalls, such as the Gullfoss ( Golden Falls ) Skógafoss, and Seljalandsfoss. The impressive Háifoss ( High Falls ) is a big hit with tourists, as it impresses with the raw power and size, but the Gjáin waterfall complex is also equally enchanting. Other interesting waterfalls are situated within the perimeter of the Skaftafell National Park . </li></ul><ul><li>Glaciers in Iceland </li></ul><ul><li>The glaciers in Iceland are one of the country’s most distinctive features. They cover approximately 11 260 square km- 4 328 square miles or put it differently 10,9% of the entire area of the country. In Iceland you can find almost all types of glaciers from the tiny cirque glaciers to large glacier caps. The largest glaciers in Iceland. The largest glacier in Iceland is by far Vatnajokull situated in the Southeast part of the country. It covers an area of 8 300 square km and this is approximately equal with the area of all the Glaciers in Europe put together, except Iceland of course. The thickness of this glacier reaches approximately 1 000 meters. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Volcano’s in iceland </li></ul><ul><li>Iceland has a high concentration of active volcanoes due to the unique geological conditions of its location on the mid-Atlantic Ridge , a divergent tectonic plate boundary . The island has about 130 volcanic mountains, of which 18 have erupted since the settlement of Iceland in 874 AD. Of these 130 volcanoes, the most active/volatile is Grímsvötn . Over the past 500 years, Iceland's volcanoes have erupted a third of the total global lava output. Between 1783 and 1785 Grímsvötn and Laki blotted out the sun and killed a quarter of the population through poisoning or famine. The Laki eruption in 1783 had the largest eruption of lava in the last 500 years. The eruption of Eyjafjallajökull , a sub- glacier volcano (the name means &quot;island mountain glacier&quot;) in 2010 was notable because the volcanic ash plume disrupted air travel in northern Europe for several weeks; however, Eyjafjallajökull is a minor volcano in Icelandic terms. In the past, eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull have been followed by eruption of the larger &quot;Angry Sister&quot; volcano Katla , but following the 2010 eruption no signs of an imminent eruption of Katla have been seen. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Northern Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing the northern lights, or the aurora borealis as they are also known as, is a jaw-dropping and mystical moment. The lights are at their most frequent in late autumn and winter/early spring. Aurora is a tricky lady, you never know when she bothers to turn up. This diva keeps you waiting.So whenever you are above the Arctic Circle, you have to set aside the whole evening, to try to get a glimpse of the Northern Lights. Northern lights worshippers do everything from a long cross-country trek to building snowmen in order to keep warm and entertained while outside. </li></ul>
  23. 23. DATA: Real GDP
  24. 24. Growth of Tourism in recent years
  25. 25. The link between tourism and development
  26. 26. Tourism Development Projects <ul><li>The Technology Development Fund: </li></ul><ul><li>The Technology development Fund constitutes a significant part of the formal organisation of the Science and Technology Policy Council. The fund’s role is to support R&D perceived as important for fulfilling government objectives regarding technological development and innovation, leading to a regeneration and improved competitive situation of Icelandic industry. </li></ul><ul><li>The fund achieves its aims by encouraging the transfer of knowledge to industry and by developing ideas which may engender new services or products. A significant aspect of this process is the development of scientific and technological solutions which have the potential of producing the desired result. It is also taken into consideration that innovation is based on numerous other aspects of diverse character, such as new and progressive design, engineering, novel methods of production and other preliminary work which may attract entrepreneurial investors to the innovative project or to the company itself. </li></ul><ul><li>The Technology Development Fund has ISK 720 million at its disposal in 2010. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>The role of the Technology Development Fund: </li></ul><ul><li>strengthening technological development and related research for the benefit of innovation in industry, </li></ul><ul><li>supporting the development of start-up enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>financing promotional drives and strategic action plans within specific technological fields, for the purpose of consolidating the technological base of industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting small projects initiated by individuals and small businesses which have the potential to become sources of employment and income as well as generating profit, despite initial risk. </li></ul><ul><li>As they are improving universities and helping their students to set up businesses it means that there will be more tourism in the area as Iceland will become more well known, and will be able to give visitors an in site into their culture and way of life. </li></ul>
  28. 28. How has tourism helped to develop Iceland? <ul><li>Tourism is a growing and important industry in Iceland. In fact, the national airline, Iceland Air, is one of the country's largest employers. According to Statistics Iceland, by 1999 tourism accounted for 4.4 percent of GDP on net receipts of Ikr282 million, up from 3 percent just 10 years earlier. The industry is expanding with the government's promotion of the country's magnificent natural attractions such as whale-watching, hot volcanic springs, glaciers, and horseback riding throughout the country. By 1999 the country boasted 24 hotels and guest-houses. It is a promising economic growth area and its numbers increased by 16 percent in 2000. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Tourism and Development in the U.K. <ul><li>By Meggie and Kiki </li></ul>
  30. 30. Tourist Attractions London Eye Big Ben Stonehenge Durdle Door Angel of the North Scenic Views
  31. 31. Tourism Stats: <ul><li>Total annual visitors: 32.78 million </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Methods: </li></ul><ul><li>* air- 25.09 million </li></ul><ul><li>* sea- 4.459 million </li></ul><ul><li>* rail- 3.23 milliom </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism accounts for 3.5% of the UKs economy </li></ul><ul><li>2 million jobs are made by tourism </li></ul>Tourism statistics
  32. 32. <ul><li>Amount of money spent by tourists: </li></ul>
  33. 33. Growth of tourism <ul><li>Holidaymakers increasingly prefer holidays abroad to domestic trips </li></ul>
  34. 34. Development Projects: <ul><li>A Sixth terminal and a third runway is being planned to be built at Heathrow </li></ul><ul><li>BAA has confirmed that it would affect 700 houses, and therefore many locals would be affected by it. </li></ul><ul><li>The construction of the Olympic village will increase the number of tourists in London. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Olympics the stadium might be bought by either Spurs or West Ham. Making good use of whats already been built. </li></ul><ul><li>Better train services </li></ul><ul><li>Improved/new bus services </li></ul>
  35. 35. Improvements due to tourism <ul><li>technology and transport infrastructure such as jumbo jets and low cost air lines have made many types of tourism affordable. </li></ul><ul><li>cleaning up the environment to make it more appealing for future tourists. </li></ul>

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