Field studies


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Field studies

  1. 1. by: Ashutosh Vatsa Kr. Pramendra Sinha Mohan Pegu Pankaj Pathak Sanath Kr. Pegu Sushant Kumar
  2. 2. Introduction Situated at (C-253/254, MIDC, TTC Industrial Area, Pawane village, Turbhe Navi mumbai). Registered office at A-2, shah and nahar estate, unit no. 23/26, lower parel, Mumbai, 400013. The company is a PVT. LTD. company which deals in garment construction and fabric dyeing.
  3. 3. About the company <ul><ul><li>Mr. Anand Agarwal , is The MD and chairman of the company. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr . V. Gopalkrishanan is VP and COMPANY SECRETARY. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The company is a listed company in Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE) as 521113 and SUDITIND respectively. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. About the company <ul><ul><li>The company was incorporated on Sep. 21, 1991 and came out with a public issue on Jan. 18, 1994. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The company is ISO 9001-2000 certified company from AQSR. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The company has OEKOTEX standard 100 certification which has helped obtain orders from Belgium, Italy, Spain, and other countries, besides USA. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Facts <ul><ul><li>Area of unit: 3000 sq. mts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of workers: 450 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total monthly wages: 15 lakhs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power consumption bill: Rs. 48573 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working hours: 12am to 12 pm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non working day in week: monday </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Steps in dyeing of fabric <ul><ul><li>Raw cloth is washed and bleached. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In automatic dispensing machine, dye solution is prepared. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the fabric dyeing machine, dyeing of fabric is done. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the drying machine, the wet fabric is dried. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After this soft ironing is done. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At last finishing of fabric is done. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Automatic Dispensing Machine
  8. 8. Automatic Dispensing Machine <ul><ul><li>The main functioning of this machine is the mixing of colour, pigments, dyes, salts and chemicals in the proper solvent and then making a homogeneous solution. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Raw material: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals, Salts (glober salt,table salt,NaCl), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colours (Remazole, Seepra, Magenta, Blue, Green) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dissolution time: 3-5 hrs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fabric Dyeing Machine
  10. 10. Fabric Dyeing Machine <ul><ul><li>These machines work on the principle of WASHING MACHINES. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There were machines of capacity of 100kgs, 200kgs, 300kgs, 500kgs and 1 ton. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fabric and dye solution are rotated for 3-4 hours at an even temerature. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The temperature required for dyeing is around 65-75 0 C , but can work upto 135 0 C . </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Features: <ul><ul><li>Body made up of Heavy duty cast stainless steel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic level indicator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High efficiency heat exchanger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low liquor ratio of 1:6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low power consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low weight loss of 3.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No pilling effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum working pressure of 3.2 bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dye - 30 to 450 g/mt.sq. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Drying Machine
  13. 13. Drying Machine <ul><ul><li>This machine works on the principle of the HAIR DRYER. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The bundle of fabric is placed in roller and the cloth is dried by blowing hot air from bottom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The temperature range is 160-170 0 C. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before drying process, the dyeing solution is squeezed and the fabric is made straight into plane forms by rollers for uniform drying </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Finishing Machines
  15. 15. Finishing Machines <ul><ul><li>They provide the finishing touch to the dyed fabric, after the drying of the fabric takes places. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It checks the defects of the fabric if there is any hole in the fabric or any spots in the dyeing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soft ironing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. ROTA machines <ul><ul><li>Name - ROTA 20-30 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type - Lubrication cartouche </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturer - Collomix (Germany) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixing capacity - 35 kg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motor power - 1.1 kW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power rate - 230V/50 Hz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine dimension - 780*800*1092 mm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight - 207 kg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost - 30-40 lakhs </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. ROTA machines
  18. 18. Facts about the machine <ul><ul><li>Mixing in closed containers; oval/round/square </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BIAXIAL hi speed mixing process, short mixing times of less than 90 seconds even for heavy machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum reliability due to sturdy design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attractive design, powder- coated housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swing door, simple and robust </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Advantages of using Rota machine <ul><ul><li>Fully automatic process: clamp-mix-release </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety by clamping sensor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth operation using gentle Biax technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Container table can be pulled out full length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User support using LCD display </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to access and transport rollers </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Environmental Issues <ul><ul><li>EFFULENT DISCHARGES: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial effluent=250 CMD </li></ul><ul><li>Disposed at=C.E.P.T </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AIR EMMISIONS: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SO 2 =140-150 kg per day </li></ul><ul><li>SPM/TPM=150 mg/Nm 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HAZARDOUS WASTES: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Category number 24.1 & 24.2=200kg/M </li></ul><ul><li>Disposed at=TTCWMA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS : </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acetic acid=5T/M </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrochloric acid=1T/M </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrogen peroxide=4.5T/M </li></ul>
  21. 21. Safety Measures <ul><ul><li>Fire extinguishers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specially designed protective dresses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular inspection of machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful handling of chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First aid service </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Health Measures <ul><ul><li>Exposure to dyeing dust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposure to chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposure to noise </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Bibliography <ul><ul><li>Websites: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A hand book on dyeing process by R. L. Mathur </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Thank you.