Presentation On Marginalisation.


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Presentation On Marginalisation.

  1. 1. The Marginalisation
  2. 2. Index 1.) Places where Adivasi's live. 2.) Types of Adivasi Flags. 3.) Who are Adivasi's?? 4.) Adivasi's and Development. 5.) Minorities and Marginalisation. 6.)Muslims and Marginalisation. 7.)Laws of Marginalisation. 8.) Promoting Social Justice. 9.) Extra Information. 10.) Protecting the Rights of Adivasi's. 11.) Sheduled Tribes Act, 1989.
  3. 3. Places where Adivasi's live
  4. 4. Types of Adivasi Flags Aboriginal Flag Mohawk Flag Choctaw Flag Comache Flag Arapaho Flag Crow Creep Sioux Flag
  5. 5. Who are Adivasis??? <ul><li>Adivasi the term means' original inhabitants'. Around 8 per cent of India’s population is Adivasi. Some Tribal groups live in the states like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orrisa, Gujarat, Rajasthan, West Bengal, etc. There are more than 500 different Adivasi groups in India. Adivasis have always been influenced by different surrounding religions like Shakta, Buddhist, Vaishnav, Bhakti, Christianity. They have their own language. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Development
  7. 7. <ul><li>Metal Ore like iron, copper, gold, silver, coal and Diamonds invaluable Timber and animals themselves, all came from the forests. Adivasis were traditionally ranged hunter gatherers and nomads and lived by shifting agriculture. According to the official figures, more than 50 per cent of persons displaced due to mines and mining projects are tribals. In the North east, their lands remain highly militarized and war-torn. </li></ul>Adivasis and Development
  8. 8. Minorities
  9. 9. <ul><li>The term minority is used to refer to communities that are numerically small in relation to the rest of the population. The safeguard are needed to protect minority communities against the possibilities of being culturally dominated by the majority. </li></ul>Minorities and Marginalisation
  10. 10. <ul><li>Muslims are 13.4 per cent of India’s population and are considered to be a marginalized community in India today because in comparison to other communities, they have over the years been deprived of the benefits of socio-economy development. Muslim customs and practices are sometimes quite distinct from what is seen as the mainstream. They wear a burqa, sport a long beard, wear a fez and these become ways to identify all Muslims. </li></ul>Muslims and Marginalisation
  11. 11. <ul><li>The government makes the laws to protect its citizens. There are specific laws and policies for the marginalized in our country. There are policies that emerge through other means like setting up a committee or by undertaking a survey etc. The government then makes an effort to promote such policies in order to give opportunity to specific groups. </li></ul>Laws of the Marginalisation
  12. 12. <ul><li>Both, Central and State governments create specific schemes for implementation in Tribal areas. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the government provides free hotels for students of Adivasi communities so that they can avail for education facilities that may not be available in their localities. </li></ul>Promoting Social Justice
  13. 13. <ul><li>Students applying to educational institutions are expected to furnish proof of their caste in form of caste and tribe certificates. </li></ul>Extra Information
  14. 14. <ul><li>The village of Jakmalgur are gearing up for a big festival. Once in five years, the local deity is honored and priests from 20 neighboring villages come for this five days event. </li></ul><ul><li>Those from Rathnam’s own caste were fearful of angering the powerful. Many worked on their fields as daily wage-labors. </li></ul>Protecting the Rights of Adivasis
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Act distinguishes several levels of crimes: </li></ul><ul><li>Firstly, it lists modes of humiliation. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondly, it lists action that dispossess Adivasis. </li></ul><ul><li>At another level, the Act recognizes that crimes against Tribal women's. </li></ul>Sheduled Tribes Act, 1989
  16. 16. <ul><li>We have seen that Marginalization is also linked experiencing disadvantages and Powerlessness like Dalits. People have had to constantly work on to translate these into principles that guide the actions of their fellow citizens. A democratic society, similar processes of struggle, writing, negotiations and organizing needs to continue…… </li></ul>Conclusion
  17. 17. The End