Water seal drainage

20,632 views

Published on

description about water seal drainage and its nursing care

Published in: Healthcare, Technology, Business
1 Comment
38 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • please put the download option for the water seal drainage
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
20,632
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
42
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
195
Comments
1
Likes
38
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Water seal drainage

  1. 1. watersealdrainage  Definition  Indication  Purposes  Site for chest tube insertion  Type of water seal drainage system  FUNCTION OF PLEURAL DRAINAGE SYSTEM  PRINCIPLES OF THE CHEST TUBE  Nursing Responsibilities
  2. 2. watersealdrainage
  3. 3. Definition Water seal drainage system is a closed chest drainage system used to allow air and fluid to escape from the plural space with each exhalation and to prevent their return flow with each inhalation watersealdrainage
  4. 4. watersealdrainage Water seal means that the water in the bottle seals off the atmospheric air thus prevents the entering of air or fluid back into the pleural space.
  5. 5. Indication 1. Traumatic pneumothorax 2. Hemopneumothorax 3. Spontaneous pneumothorax 4. Iatrogenic pneumothorax 5. Broncho-pleural fistula 6. Emphysema 7. Malignancy 8. Pleural effusion 9. Thoracic or thoraco-abdominal surgeries watersealdrainage
  6. 6. watersealdrainage Purposes  To permit drainage of air and fluid from the pleural cavity  To establish normal negative pressure in the pleural cavity for lung expansion  To equalize pressure on both sides of the thoracic cavity  To provide continuous suction to prevent tension pneumothorax
  7. 7. watersealdrainage Site for chest tube insertion 1. Thoracic surgery. 2 chest tube are inserted – Anterior chest tube Posterior chest tube
  8. 8. watersealdrainage Site for chest tube insertion Anterior chest :  Upper/anterior chest wall  Inserted in the 2nd Intercostal space to remove the air arising from the pleural cavity Posterior chest tube :  Placed at the posterior chest in the 8th or 9th Intercostal space at the mid-Axillary line.  Indication to remove sero-sangeneous fluid at the lower area of pleural cavity  Diameter of tube in the lower section is wider or longer compare to the upper tube.
  9. 9. watersealdrainage Site for chest tube insertion 2.Pneumothorax :  Tube placed at the 2nd or 3rd Intercostal space along mid- clavicle or anterior Axillary line.
  10. 10. watersealdrainage Chest Drainage System 1 bottle 2 bottles 3 bottles Pleurovac
  11. 11. watersealdrainage TYPES OF SYSTEM - 1 BOTTLE DRAINAGE
  12. 12. TYPES OF SYSTEM - 2 BOTTLE DRAINAGE watersealdrainage
  13. 13. TYPES OF SYSTEM - 3 BOTTLE DRAINAGE watersealdrainage
  14. 14. FUNCTION OF PLEURAL DRAINAGE SYSTEM watersealdrainage Inspiration Intrapleural pressure Air and fluid move into bottle Pleural space becomes negative Lungs reexpand
  15. 15. watersealdrainage PRINCIPLES OF THE CHEST TUBE 1. Gravity 2. Under water seal 3. Suction
  16. 16. watersealdrainage PRINCIPLES OF THE CHEST TUBE 1. Gravity Enhances flow from high to low Chest drain is placed below client’s bed
  17. 17. watersealdrainage PRINCIPLES OF THE CHEST TUBE 2. Under Water Seal  Is a barrier to prevents backflow into pleural space.  Rod – depth determines the negative pressure  Air bubbles is released through the rod  Air vent – to allow drained air to escape to prevent pressure build up
  18. 18. watersealdrainage PRINCIPLES OF THE CHEST TUBE 3. Suction  Is a pull force  MUST be in another bottle Purpose for the suction is, when : i. - gravity drainage is not enough. ii. - patient’s respiration and cough are too weak iii. - air leak is fast into the pleural space iv. - need to speed up removal from pleural space
  19. 19. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 1. Proper placement of chest catheter 2. Proper placement of chest drainage apparatus 3. Length of drainage tubing 4. Patency of chest tubing 5. Maintenance of air tight drainage system 6. Position of the client 7. Application of mechanical suction 8. Activity of the client
  20. 20. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 1. Proper placement of chest catheter • 2 & 3rd intercostal space and 8 &9th intercostal space • These catheter should be connected to the separate bottle • When there is single tube it is usually placed in lower intercostal space
  21. 21. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 2. Proper placement of drainage apparatus  Drainage apparatus should be placed at lower level then the chest  It helps in gravity and also prevent the back flow of air and fluid into pleural cavity  While transferring patient apparatus should be placed over the bed or trolley after clamping the tubing at two places
  22. 22. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 3. Length of drainage tubing  Drainage tubing neither too short nor too long  It should fall in straight line to the drainage system  There should not be any loop of drainage tubing  Too short drainage tubing may restrict the movement of patient on bed or it may get disconnected from the catheter
  23. 23. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 4. Patency of chest tubing  Patency of chest tube should be checked frequently  Any kink or pressure over chest tubing may obstruct the flow from pleural space  Ensure that patient is not lying over the tubing  Any clot or mucus plug in pleural space may also obstruct the flow  Milking the tube helps to dislodge the plug  Never clamp the tubing until it is necessary.
  24. 24. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 5. Maintenance of air tight drainage system  Drainage system should be air tight with stoppers and all the tubing should be taped well
  25. 25. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 6. Position of the client  Fowler’s position  So that fluid can be localized in lower pleural space and can be drained out easily
  26. 26. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 7. Application of mechanical suction Continuous and gentle suction is used when : i. - gravity drainage is not enough. ii. - patient’s respiration and cough are too weak iii. - air leak is fast into the pleural space iv. - need to speed up removal from pleural space
  27. 27. watersealdrainage Factors affecting water seal drainage 8. Activity of the client  Movement of the patient on bed helps the fluid to drain from chest.  Patient should be encouraged to cough and deep breath  Which helps in rising the intra-pleural and intra- pulmonary pressure
  28. 28. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities  Criteria for good functioning of water seal drainage apparatus  Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage.
  29. 29. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Criteria for good functioning of water seal drainage apparatus  Observe for the fluctuating movement of fluid inside the tubing  Observe the chest drainage  Watch for bubbling in water seal bottle (intermittent bubbling is normal) contd…
  30. 30. watersealdrainage contd… Proper functioning of suction Reason for mal function of suction are- Air leaking into the pleural space Air leaking into the drainage apparatus Mechanical problem to the pump
  31. 31. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage  As a nurse we should have proper knowledge of purpose, principles, equipments used and early sign and symptoms of complication of water seal drainage.  Instruct the client and bystanders how to clamp the drainage in emergency situation and how to handle the water seal drainage contd..
  32. 32. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd..  Affix a sign board “do not handle”  Sutured site should be well padded and secured with adhesive tapes  Clamp or hemostat clamp should be readily available near to the patient. contd..
  33. 33. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd..  Never clamp the chest tubing until it is necessary or ordered by the physician  Apparatus of chest drainage should be kept lower than the chest level of the patient  During transportation clamp the tubing and keep the apparatus top of the bed. contd..
  34. 34. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd..  Make sure that position of the client should not exert pressure over the chest tubing.  Chest tubing neither too short nor too long  Do not use pins to secure the tubing with bed  Check the patency of chest tubing regularly contd..
  35. 35. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd..  Ensure the air tightening of the chest drainage  Follow the strict aseptic technique  Encourage the deep breathing and coughing exercises  Ensure that tubes are immersed in water well to create water seal drainage contd..
  36. 36. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd..  Assess the proper functioning of the water seal drainage  While replacing the chest drainage bottle follow these instructions…. contd..
  37. 37. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd.. 1. Assemble the bottle with tube and stopper and check their functioning 2. Clamp the chest tube near to the chest prior to disconnecting it 3. Disconnect the bottle and connect the new bottle but remember that chest tubing should not be contaminated. contd..
  38. 38. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd.. 4.Be certain that bottle/s are kept well below the chest level 5. Unclamp the chest tubing and check the functioning of the system 6. Observe the patient for any complication before leaving.
  39. 39. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd..  Criteria for removal of water seal drainage is as follows: 1. Absence of air leak 2. Drained fluid is less than 75 ml/day 3. Chest X-ray should reveal the re-expansion of lungs well contd..
  40. 40. watersealdrainage Nursing Responsibilities Nursing care of the patient with water seal drainage contd..  Prior to removal of the water seal drainage system chest tubing should be clamped at least for two hours.  After removal, wound should be covered with sterile petroleum gauze and firm dressing secured with wide strip of adhesive tapes  Observe the patient for any respiratory distress post removal the water seal drainage system

×