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  2. 2. Brook is a poem written by Alfred LordTennyson.In this poem, the brook refers itself to a livingbeing. This is called personification. The wordI explains it.The brook suddenly emerges from a placefrequently visited by coots and herons. It fallsdown a valley making a quarrelling noise. Thepoet uses numerical references like thirtyhills, twenty thorpes & half hundredbridges. The brook joins the brimming river atPhilips farm. The line For men may come andmen may go, but I go on forever explains thebrook is immortal as it goes on forever. Also
  3. 3. The brook makes a chattering noise as itpasses over stony ways and in little sharpsand trebles it bubbles into eddying bays. Thebrooks bank passes through many curvesand fields along weeds and other plants. Theriver keeps chattering in order to meet thebrimming river. It carries many things likeblossoms, lusty trout, grayling, foamy flakes,forget me not etc..The brooks gently crosses the lawn andgrassy plots and slides by hazel covers. Itmoves by the sweet forget me not that growfor happy lovers (The flowers are so lovelythat people give it to their lovers so that they
  4. 4. The river does many actions. It slips, slides,glooms, glances. The swallows ( a kind of bird)skim through the top of the brook and the watermakes the sunbeam dance by acting as netsagainst its sandy shallows.While passing through thorny bushes, the brooksmurmurs (human comparison-the brookcomplains) about passing the scary thornypoisonous bushes. But when it surfaces theshingly bars (pebbles), it loiters(humancomparison- it stays there for some time) roundthe cresses.And finally the brook winds around the curves toflow into the brimming river. Still it remainedimmortal after passing through thorns andvenomous bushes.
  5. 5. Read the following extract carefully andanswer the questions that follow bychoosing the most appropriatealternative from those given below :I wind about, and in and out, With here ablossom sailing,And here and there a lusty trout, Andhere and there a grayling,(a)Describe the movement of the brookas depicted in line 1.(i) Line 1 shows the spiral movement ofwater.(ii) The brook flows around theobstruction on its way.(iii) And then flows along its path.(iv) all of the above
  6. 6. (b) What all does thebrook carry as it movesalong ?(i) flowers blossom(ii) the lusty trout andgrayling(iii) foamy flakes(iv) all of the above
  7. 7. On the basis of yourunderstanding of the poem TheBrook, answer the followingquestions by ticking the correctchoice.(a)The poet draws a parallelismbetween the journey of the bookand(i) the life of a man(ii) the death of man(iii) the difficulties in a mans life(iv) the endless talking of humanbeing
  8. 8. I come from haunts of coot andhern; I make a sudden sallyAnd sparkle out among the fern,To bicker down a valley.(a) ‘I’ in the stanza stands for(i) the poet.(ii) the valley.(iii) the brook,(iv) a shepherd.
  9. 9. (b) According to the stanza, thebrook originates from(i) the mountains.(ii) the river.(iii) the sea.(iv) the place visited by seabirds.(c) Which one of the followingexpressions used in the stanzashows that the brook is noisy ?(i) haunts of coots and herons(ii) sudden sally(iii) sparkle out(iv) bicker down a valley
  10. 10. (c) The rhyme scheme ofthe poem is(i) ab ab cc.(ii) aa bb cc.(iii) ab ab.(iv) abed abed.
  11. 11. QUESTION – ANSWERQuestion: Where does the brook begin?Answer: Place frequented by coots and herns.Question: Which is the last place to be visited by the brook?Answer: Philips farm is the last place to be visited by the brook.Question: When is the brook specially noisy?Answer: When it flows over stones.
  12. 12. QUESTION – ANSWERQuestion: Why is the water described as silvery?Answer: The sun shines on the water making it sparkle likewhite silver.
  13. 13. POETIC DEVICES USED IN THE POEMThese terms are known as figures of speech.•Refrain is the repetition of a word or a phrase. Forexample, For men may come and men may go.•Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonantsound. For example, I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance.•Onomatopoeia is a figure of speech thatrepresents the sound associated with an object. Forexample, babble.
  14. 14. POETIC DEVICES USED IN THE POEM•Repetition means the repetition of a word, a phrase ora clause to emphasise on a point. For example,chatter,chatter.•Imagery is a description which evokes readers sensesof sight, smell, hearing, touch and taste. Metaphors andsimiles are also considered as imagery. For example, "Ibabble on the pebbles".•Personification is a literary device that assigns humanqualities to inanimate and abstract things. For example,"I make the netted sunbeam dance".