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Hist5 historical monograph pp


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Hist5 historical monograph pp

  1. 1. By: Aaron Hahs<br />The Pity Of War<br />
  2. 2. Was the war inevitable?<br /><ul><li>World War I is traditionally seen as inevitable.
  3. 3. Author argues that World War I was a result of poor choices, especially made by the British government.
  4. 4. Due to have options, but failing to make the right choice, the author states that this great war was avoidable.
  5. 5. Ferguson also states that if Britain had not intervened, it would have been a replay of the Franco-Prussion war rather than a World War.</li></li></ul><li>Why did British leaders intervene?<br /><ul><li>Ferguson targets Sir Edward Grey as one of the key components to England making a poor decision.
  6. 6. Sir Edward Grey was the British foreign secretary at the time.
  7. 7. The author suggests that Grey made decisions, based on the secret alliance he had made with the French government.
  8. 8. Grey saw Germany as having intentions to dominate Europe and seize control of Belgium and French ports.
  9. 9. This potential seizure is why England decided to step in and intervene.</li></li></ul><li>Why did German superiority fail?<br /><ul><li>General Erich Ludendorff was the military dictator of Germany in the final stages of the war.
  10. 10. According to Ferguson, the Germans did not seek an armistice in the fall of 1918 because they were starving from the blockade.
  11. 11. Ludendorff, in a fit of panic, offered his resignation to the Kaiser in August.
  12. 12. Although it was rejected, the German government pursued the armistice.
  13. 13. The author suggests that the smart decision would have been to withdraw from Belgium (another reason the British intervened) and establish an impregnable defense in Germany.</li></li></ul><li>Why did men keep fighting?<br /><ul><li>Ferguson argues that even though men were fighting in dismal trenches, they kept on because they enjoyed it.
  14. 14. He argues that it is Freudian psychology in the way of the “death instinct”.
  15. 15. The author also suggests that the men fought for the reason of it being like an “extreme team sport”.</li>