FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATIONIntroduction to Sociological FoundationsSocial Stratification /Social Status / Mobility
WHAT IS THE RELATION OFSOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATION TOEDUCATION? The sociological foundations are concerned with the human relation’s factor-the behavior of individuals and their relations to each other.
WHAT IS SOCIETY? Derived from the Latin word “socios” or “socialis” – meaning fellow, companion, or associate. A group of individuals with well defined limits which persists in time, thus enabling them to develop a set of common ideas, attitude, norms, and sanctions, interaction, and of techniques for living and fitting together (human arrangements) Formed based on man’s gregariousness or the tendency or desire of people to be with other people.
An organized group of population. Composed of human beings and the institutions by which live together in the culture. Consists of all the people who share a district and continuos way of life, and think of themselves as one united people. A social group that occupies territory, recruit its members by inter-group sexual production, and has a shared comprehensive culture. A group of organized individuals who think of themselves a district group, who have something in common, a set of loyalties and sentiments .
CONCEPTS OF A GROUP A unit of interesting personalities with varies roles and status among members. A unit of interacting personalities with an interdependence of roles and status existing between or among the members. A number of people at a given time, interrelated and interact with one another with common shared attitudes, sentiments, aspirations, and goals.
KINDS/CLASSIFICATION OF GROUPS1. Primary Group - intimate personal or face-to-face relationship.2. Secondary Group - impersonal, contractual, business.
OTHER GROUP CLASSIFICATIONACCORDING TO SELF-IDENTIFICATION In-group Out-group Peer-group - play group - gang - Clique
Reference Group Voluntary Association *Three Main Types of Voluntary Associations*1. Personal interest groups2. Social service groups3. Political action group
STRATIFICATION The system or process of assigning individuals their respective ranks in a society based on income or wealth, education, and life style. The classification of group members according to certain criteria differ due to the nature of the group. A system by which a society ranks categories of people in hierarchy.
SOCIALIZATION Mean function of society where in patterns of behavior and aspects of personality are inculcated. The process whereby the individual acquires the social and cultural heritage of his society. The process of entering the human group, of being included into the secrets of the society.
STATUS• one of the basic building blocks of social interaction.• The position assigned by a person in a group or organization.
STATUS SET To all statuses a person holds at a particular time.
TYPES OF STATUSES Ascribed – acquired or receive at birth. Achieved – assumed voluntary and that reflects a significant measure of personal ability and choice, realized through hard work, talent, merit. Master status – a social position with exceptional importance for identity, often shaping a person’s entire life.
SOCIAL MOBILITY The movement of a person from one status or social class to another. May be achieved through such factors as education, good works, wealth, increased income, occupation, sex, and beauty, and other means.