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PARATRANSIT: 
NOT 2ND CLASS 
INFORMATION 
Presenting demand-responsive transit on 
an equal level as fixed-route transit 
...
Paratransit information is buried, 
presented separately from fixed-route 
The word “Paratransit” does 
not appear on this...
Paratransit information is buried, 
presented separately from fixed-route
Better: Presented on an equal level 
But, DRT is not in the 
fixed-route planner
Even better: Integrating 
presentation of fixed-route 
and DRT. 
Allow customers to find 
and compare options. 
Plan multi...
Even better: 
Integrating 
presentation of fixed-route 
and DRT. 
Allow customers to find 
and compare options. 
Plan mult...
Even better: Integrating presentation of 
fixed-route and DRT. 
California’s Inland Empire is implementing a trip 
planner...
TOWARD FURTHER 
INTEGRATION 
& 
EASE-OF-USE 
CHALLENGES to integration
Lessons from fixed-route transit 
• The General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS) 
has become the de facto standard for fi...
GTFS facilitates transit discovery 
Transit directions can be everywhere
But, there is no equivalent standard 
for DRT services 
• OneClick uses its own approach to describe 
DRT services and are...
Adapting GTFS for DRT 
• One possible approach is to adapt GTFS 
• One of the benefits of this approach is the 
ability to...
Active proposal by Brian Ferris 
http://bit.ly/flexible-public-trans 
• Route deviation: Resembles scheduled fixed-route, ...
Applications for flexible GTFS 
• Taxis 
• Rural and suburban transit 
• Specialized & human service transportation 
• Dev...
Chicken and egg problem 
• If no applications why create data? If no data, 
why create applications? 
• Solution: 
• Imple...
Aaron Antrim 
Trillium Solutions, Inc. 
aaron@trilliumtransit.com 
Twitter: @trilliumtransit 
+1 503-567-8422 ext 3
Paratransit: Not 2nd Class Information
Paratransit: Not 2nd Class Information
Paratransit: Not 2nd Class Information
Paratransit: Not 2nd Class Information
Paratransit: Not 2nd Class Information
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Paratransit: Not 2nd Class Information

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Presenting demand-responsive transit on an equal level as fixed-route transit

TRB International Conference on Demand Responsive Transit in Monterey, California / 31-October-2014

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Paratransit: Not 2nd Class Information

  1. 1. PARATRANSIT: NOT 2ND CLASS INFORMATION Presenting demand-responsive transit on an equal level as fixed-route transit TRB International Conference on Demand Responsive Transit / 31-October-2014 Aaron Antrim, Trillium Portland, Oregon
  2. 2. Paratransit information is buried, presented separately from fixed-route The word “Paratransit” does not appear on this page.
  3. 3. Paratransit information is buried, presented separately from fixed-route
  4. 4. Better: Presented on an equal level But, DRT is not in the fixed-route planner
  5. 5. Even better: Integrating presentation of fixed-route and DRT. Allow customers to find and compare options. Plan multi-modal trips. Douglas County, Oregon douglasrides.trilliumtransit.com
  6. 6. Even better: Integrating presentation of fixed-route and DRT. Allow customers to find and compare options. Plan multi-modal trips.
  7. 7. Even better: Integrating presentation of fixed-route and DRT. California’s Inland Empire is implementing a trip planner that uses open-source software for DRT and fixed-route trip planning. • Open-source “OneClick” software (https://github.com/camsys/oneclick) • Utilizes OpenTripPlanner for fixed-route planning (www.opentripplanner.org)
  8. 8. TOWARD FURTHER INTEGRATION & EASE-OF-USE CHALLENGES to integration
  9. 9. Lessons from fixed-route transit • The General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS) has become the de facto standard for fixed-route transit schedules (https://developers.google.com/transit/gtfs/reference) • Many hundreds of GTFS feeds in the USA; hundreds more worldwide • GTFS enables public transit information to be used in hundreds of applications, including: • Customer-facing applications such as Google Maps, Rome2rio.com, OpenTripPlanner, Mobile apps • Planning and management contexts
  10. 10. GTFS facilitates transit discovery Transit directions can be everywhere
  11. 11. But, there is no equivalent standard for DRT services • OneClick uses its own approach to describe DRT services and areas • Even General Service Dial-A-Ride and “Flex” or Deviated Fixed-Route service do not show up in Google Maps (except Uber)
  12. 12. Adapting GTFS for DRT • One possible approach is to adapt GTFS • One of the benefits of this approach is the ability to describe related, and deviated services in the same dataset as fixed-route • GTFS Flexible Transit Working Group (https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/gtfs-flexible-wg) • Data needs: • Geospatial • Schedule windows • Fares • Eligibility • Link to reservations mechanisms
  13. 13. Active proposal by Brian Ferris http://bit.ly/flexible-public-trans • Route deviation: Resembles scheduled fixed-route, with geographic zone(s) allowing flexible routing • Point deviation: Except for some established stops, the path of the vehicle is undetermined • Dial-A-Ride and Demand-Responsive Connector • Request Stops (Hail-and-Ride)
  14. 14. Applications for flexible GTFS • Taxis • Rural and suburban transit • Specialized & human service transportation • Developing world (jitneys)
  15. 15. Chicken and egg problem • If no applications why create data? If no data, why create applications? • Solution: • Implement apps and data at the same time in a regional or interregional context
  16. 16. Aaron Antrim Trillium Solutions, Inc. aaron@trilliumtransit.com Twitter: @trilliumtransit +1 503-567-8422 ext 3

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