Eagle Flying PatternsIntroduction: No matter where one lives whether in the country or the city, birds are part of everydaylife. Birds have been an inspiration to many mainly because they possess one key thing man cannot do.Fly. With this comes the inspiration to determine the different patterns and variations among birds’flight patterns. Beginning with eagles and spreading out to other bird species, one can be in awe of thenatural ability of birds.Subject Areas: Science, EnglishGrade Level:5-8Lesson Objectives: 1) Understand the definition of a flight pattern used by birds 2) To learn about the flight patterns of eagles 3) To choose another bird to learn about its flight patterns 4) Compare the two birds 5) Understand and list the similarities 6) Understand and list the differencesRelevant National Standards: Language Arts: Reading: Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text. Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. Writing: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources. Science: Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text.
Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic.Estimated Time:Three to four 40 minute class periods (depending on amount of research)Materials Needed: 1) Use a compare/contrast chart of choice (recommend Venn diagram) 2) Computer to look up flight patterns 3) http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds/bald-eagle/ This site gives basic facts about eagles and has easy access to comparing other birds of prey. 4) http://www.baldeagleinfo.com/eagle/eagle10.html Provides a description of an Eagles location and description of migration while having other links above to other Eagle topics 5) http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/bald_eagle/id Facts about Eagles with simple descriptions of how they fly and their behavior with links to connect to similar birds of prey like the Eagle. 6) http://www.birdsamore.com/birds101/flightpatterns.htm It has basic flying patterns connected to all birds along with what the Bald Eagle is described as.Procedures: 1) Begin the class period by starting a discussion about the difference the students find between bird species. Possibly have pictures on a projection system/board so students can visually see the differences at first hand. 2) Then ask the students the question of how to tell the difference between birds and how they fly. 3) After these two key discussions use the following website to further identify differences in flying patterns between birds and allow the class to create a definition of flying patterns. (Not to be confused with migration) http://www.allaboutbirds.org/page.aspx?pid=1056On the website there is a video of a bird flying to aid in discussion with the sections titled movement and flight patterns. 4) Together as a class or in small groups, they should list the characteristics of an eagle’s flight http://www.baldeagleinfo.com/eagle/eagle10.html , http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/bald_eagle/id , 5) http://www.birdsamore.com/birds101/flightpatterns.htm This website has the 5 different flying patterns you can discuss with the students. For a higher level use http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/554notes3.html
6) Assign or have students pick their second bird to compare to eagles and begin research with one recommended site http://www.swartzentrover.com/cotor/Photos/Hiking/Birds/BirdPages/Birdindex.htm 7) After enough time students should use the compare/contrast chart with the facts they’ve learned about eagles and their choice of bird. 8) Have students look back at the original list of the different flight patterns and discuss which is the most common trait 9) To close the lesson, have students use their chart and the class notes to write, at teacher’s discretion, a compare/contrast paragraph about the eagle and the bird they chose. 10) At the end of the project have them list their sourcesAssessment Suggestions: 1) Students could receive participation grades for discussion activities 2) Students could be graded on their accuracy when completing written graphic organizers 3) A scoring guide could be created to assess the written compare/contrast assignment completed by each studentExtension Activities: 1) As an art project they could create a paper eagle that can fly by using this site:http://www.learner.org/jnorth/tm/eagle/EagleFlightLesson.html. This can encourage interest in the beginning of the assignment or a closure to the end of the activity. 2) For a different lesson plan about flying patterns which could be used with a younger level use this site, http://www.rtpi.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1381:bird-flight- patterns&catid=13:learning-about-our-place&Itemid=113. 3) Students could then after learning about their birds, demonstrate in front of the class the flying patterns or have the students guess the differences. 4) Students could go beyond flight patterns and provide more information on the bird of their choice. In addition they could aide their discoveries with the use of a power point or project board.
5) Photograph local bird(s)/discover which birds are in the area and learn about why they are there.6) Invite a local birder to come into the class room to talk about the birds in the area