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Victorian literature


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Victorian literature

  1. 1. Victorian LiteratureGROUP 5
  2. 2. Victorian Period • Period of Queen Victoria’s reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901 • It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self- confidence for Britain
  4. 4. • She had the longest reign in British history • Became queen at the age of 18 • She also had a gift for drawing and painting • She maintained a sense of dignity and decorum that restored the average person’s high opinion of the monarchy after a series of horrible, ineffective leaders • 1840 -Victoria married a German prince, Albert, who became not king, but Prince -consort • After he died in 1861, she sank into a deep depression
  5. 5. Impact on Victorian Literature: • The novelists of the 1840’s and the 1850’s responded to the industrial and political scene: – Charles Kingsley- The Water Babies – Elizabeth Gaskell – North and South; Life of Charlotte Bronte – Benjamin Disraeli- Sybil
  6. 6. Victorian Novel • Dominant form in Victorian literature • Seek to represent a large and comprehensive social world, with a variety of classes. • Victorian novels are realistic • Major theme: Place of the individual in society, the aspiration of the hero or heroine for love or social position • The protagonist’s search for fulfillment is emblematic of the human condition. • Was a principal form of entertainment
  7. 7. Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855) • English author and eldest of the famed Bronte sisters • Pen Name: Currer Bell • Notable Work: Jane Eyre (1847)
  8. 8. Jane Eyre • Published on: 16 October 1847 by Smith Elder and Co. of London, England. • Genre: Gothic Fiction, Social Criticism, Bildungsroman • Themes: Morality, God and Religion, Social Class, Gender Relations, Love and Passion, Feminism, Atonement and Forgiveness, Search
  9. 9. Jane Eyre (1847) • _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________
  10. 10. Emily Bronte (1818-1849) • English author and one of the famed Bronte sisters • Pen Name: Ellis Bell • Notable Work: Wuthering Heights (1847)
  11. 11. Wuthering Heights (1847) • Written on: Oct 1845 - June 1846 • Published on: 1847 • First and only published novel • The decision to publish came after the success of her sister Charlotte’s novel, Jane Eyre • Elements of passion, mystery and doomed love as well as social commentary
  12. 12. Wuthering Heights • Eponymous farmhouse on the Yorkshire moors • Core theme: the destructive effect that jealousy and vengefulness have • __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ _________
  13. 13. Charles Dickens (1812-1870) • Many of his novels were published in serial form • Most popular Victorian novelist • Pen Name: (if meron) • Notable Work: David Copperfield
  14. 14. David Copperfield • Written on: ____________ • Published on: 1850 • Theme: _______________ • Dickens's ultimate masterpiece • Full title: The Personal History, Adventures, Experience and Observation of David
  15. 15. David Copperfield • The narrator and protagonist of this pseudo- autobiography. He is characterised in the book as having perseverance, but also an undisciplined heart. The undisciplined heart becomes the focal point of the latter part of the book. After being adopted by his aunt Betsey Trotwood, he is called "Trotwood Copperfield" in deference to her wishes. He has many nicknames throughout the novel: the Peggotty family address him as "Davy", James Steerforth nicknames him "Daisy", Dora calls him "Doady", the Micawber family tends to address him by his last name, and his aunt and her circle refer to him as "Trot".
  16. 16. Victorian Poetry • Developed in the context of the novel. Poets sought new ways of telling stories in verse • Show the strong influence of the Romantics, but they cannot sustain the confidence the Romantics felt in the power of the imagination. • Victorian poets often rewrite Romantic poems with a sense of belatedness • Dramatic monologue –great achievement of Victorian poetry • Victorian poetry is pictorial; poets use detail to construct visual images that represent the emotion or situation the poem concerns • Conflict between private poetic self and public social role
  17. 17. Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) • Leading poet of Victorian age • Alfred began to write poetry at an early age in the style of Lord Byron. •Pen Name: ______________ •Notable Work: ___________ •Tennyson
  18. 18. (Most Notable Work of Tennyson)
  19. 19. Robert Browning (1812-1889) • Raised the DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE • Pen Name: (if meron) • Notable Work: _________ • Playwright and master of dramatic dialogue poetry wrote “A Death in the Desert”, “My Last Dutchess”, and “A Grammarian’s Funeral”
  20. 20. Most Notable Work of Robert Browning
  21. 21. Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) • With Robert, one of literature’s greatest love affairs. • One of the most prominent poets of the Victorian Era • Pen Name: (if meron) • Notable Work: How Do I Love Thee? (Sonnet 43)
  22. 22. How Do I Love Thee? (Sonnet 43) • How do I love thee? Let me count the ways. I love thee to the depth and breadth and height My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight For the ends of Being and ideal Grace. I love thee to the level of everyday's Most quiet need, by sun and candlelight. I love thee freely, as men strive for Right; I love thee purely, as they turn from Praise. I love thee with the passion put to use In my old griefs, and with my childhood's faith. I love thee with a love I seemed to lose With my lost saints,—I love thee with the
  23. 23. Sources: • • • •