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A quoi peuvent servir les technologies « smart » en regard d’une vision réaliste de l’avenir et de l'environnement ?

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Intervention invitée dans le cadre de "Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex"

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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A quoi peuvent servir les technologies « smart » en regard d’une vision réaliste de l’avenir et de l'environnement ?

  1. 1. A quoi peuvent servir les technologies « smart » en regard d’une vision réaliste de l’avenir et de l'environnement ? Alexandre Monnin (Université Côte d’Azur, Inria, CNRS, I3S, WIMMICs) Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 1
  2. 2. Disclaimer • Philosophe… chez Inria • A l’origine de plusieurs projets dans le domaine du Web sémantique (notamment le DBpedia Francophone & le système d’information/d’archivage d’une Fondation d’art contemporain, Lafayette Anticipation) • Initiateur et animateur d’une plate-forme de recherche : TCP-IP + Blockchain (Transdisciplinary Collaborative Platform for IoT and Platform cooperativism + Blockchain) au sein de l’Idex UCA Jedi Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 2
  3. 3. Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 3
  4. 4. Les dispositifs IoT Selon les agences, les entreprises ou même les personnes interrogées, les prévisions tablent sur 50 à 100 milliards d’objets connectés à Internet d’ici 2050 Source : IBM Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 4
  5. 5. Michael Walker, CEO of Apache Beam Sauf que selon les spécialistes du chiffrage des données, il devrait exister sur terre environ 1027 octets générés par les réseaux de capteurs ! Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 5
  6. 6. Source : INTEL Intelligents Systems Framework Dans une vision extrêmement positive, on peut penser que le monde sera à peu près comme ça : Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 6
  7. 7. Quelques questions : 1) Automatisation et emploi Les smart technologies + l’IA = quelle modèle économique ? 2) Ethique des robots Etc. Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 7
  8. 8. Il y a plus pressant cependant… Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 8
  9. 9. Les dispositifs IoT Selon les agences, les entreprises ou même les personnes interrogées, les prévisions tablent entre 50 et 100 milliards d’objets connectés à Internet d’ici 2050 Source : IBM Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 9
  10. 10. 2030… Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 10
  11. 11. Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 11
  12. 12. - Phosphate : « D’ici la fin du siècle, les gisements mondiaux de phosphore, indispensable aux cultures, pourraient s’épuiser. ». Pic prévu : 2030 – 2040 (Journal of Applied Ecology). - Métaux : entre 2020 et 2050, fin de l’argent, du plomb, du zinc, de l’or… tous métaux avant la fin du siècle. - Nous allons manquer de sable pour les routes, le béton, le verre, les microprocesseurs, les panneaux solaires… Fin des ressources Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 12
  13. 13. Source : José Halloy Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 13
  14. 14. Source : José Halloy Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 14
  15. 15. TRE (EROEI) = ratio entre l’énergie investie et l’énergie récupérée, utilisable Par exemple : nombre de baril de pétrole récupéré pour chaque baril investi Energie nette : ce qui reste à la société pour fonctionner TRE Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 15
  16. 16. TRE du pétrole - 1900 = 100:1 - 1990 = 35:1 - Aujourd’hui entre 10 et 20 pour 1 (Sables bitumineux entre 2:1 et 4:1, agrocarburants entre 1:1 et 1,6:1 pétrole de schiste environ 5:1 et gaz naturel environ 10:1) Références sur l’énergie et le TRE : site avenir-sans-pétrole.org, Benoît Thévard Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 16
  17. 17. La possibilité et la vitesse du développement de l’humanité au 20e siècle ont été directement liées à l’énergie qui a eu initialement le meilleur Taux de Retour Energétique : le pétrole. Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 17
  18. 18. Le TRE (énergie nette) permettant la soutenabilité des sociétés bénéficiant du plus grand confort est estimé entre 12 et 14 EROI of Global Energy Resources, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 2012 Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 18
  19. 19. Le monde comme pyramide de ponzi Energie (limites) Ressources (limites) Climat/biodiversité (seuils) Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 19
  20. 20. Quid ? Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 20
  21. 21. Trop de futurs pour un seul avenir Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 21
  22. 22. Trop de révolutions pour une seule terre et un seul temps Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 22
  23. 23. … mais il n’a pas les moyens de le rester (le sens originel du mot “révolution” évoque un mouvement rotatif…) Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 23
  24. 24. Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 24
  25. 25. Révolution et nouvel âge : apparence de synchronicité • Anthropocène (époque géologique) : commence en 1945 • Informatisation (révolution technologique) : débute peu ou prou au même moment Pour autant, rien ne dit que ces phénomènes suivront la même trajectoire. Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 25
  26. 26. Difficile de penser la coexistence des de futurS asynchrones Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 26
  27. 27. Question fondamentale • Nous avons encore les moyens de faire du « high tech » ou, mieux, de la recherche, pour quelques temps : à quoi allons-nous employer ces moyens au cours de cet intervalle ?  Sortir du paradigme linéaire de la durabilité (en matière de croissance comme de développement) Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 27
  28. 28. • Les futurs : multiples et asynchrones • L’avenir synchronise les futurs divergents • Nos révolutions sont temporaires • Fin du progrès linéaire et cumulatif • Nos technologies/infrastructures/moyens de recherche ne sont pas durables mais sont là : à quoi les employer avant que les effets du nouvel âge (l’Anthropocène) ne se fassent complètement sentir ? Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 28
  29. 29. Ex. https://www.w3.org/community/wwca/ Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 29
  30. 30. Merci ! Excellence in smart systems. 1er Symposium national inter-labex 30

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