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  1. 1. “There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work, and learning from failure” Gen. Colin L. Powell
  2. 2. 3
  3. 3. Determine if you want to: Motivate Educate Persuade Inform
  4. 4. All presentations must have: An introduction A body A conclusion
  5. 5. Determine your topic, and what you will cover Brainstorm and organize all your ideas Research - Make sure you are wellinformed on your topic Classify and order your ideas Emphasize the important elements
  6. 6. Summarize the key points of the presentation Summarize how to implement solutions Summarize future predictions based on your persuasion strategies
  7. 7. Make it BIG  If it looks too big on the computer, it’s the perfect size Keep it SIMPLE  Present the main idea of each concept
  8. 8. Make it CLEAR Choose an appropriate font, font size, and color Be CONSISTENT Use a logical sequence and one format
  9. 9. Prepare your visuals in advance Always make back-up copies Rehearse a lot (avoid the use of papers or note cards) Know how to use the technical equipment Preview the room, and select the layout that is best for your presentation
  10. 10. Enhance understanding of the topic Help your speech be more impressive, and improve your image Maintain the audience’s attention and increase their interest Help build credibility Add variety
  11. 11. Sketches and Maps Audiovisual Equipment Graphs & Charts Overhead Projectors Photographs, Pictures & Slides Handouts, pamphlets, Objects, Models or brochures “Realia” Posters & Books PowerPoint Presentations Slides & Transparencies Films, videotapes, audio tapes, music, CD-ROMs & iPods
  12. 12. Use visuals sparingly Rule 7 X 7 Use no more than 7 lines of text per slide Use no more than 7 words per line of text Restrict the contents of tables and graphs Maintain uniformity in font style, font size, and bullets
  13. 13. Never use confusing abbreviations The use of periods at the end of the bullets is not necessary Artistry and sounds do not substitute for content, and they can distract your audience Select complimentary colors; avoid color clashes Use fonts like “Sans Serif” or “Times New Roman”
  14. 14. Transparencies Slides Handouts Title 36 pt 48 pt 24 pt Subtitles 28 pt 36 pt 20 pt Body 24 pt 28 pt 16-18 pt
  15. 15. This is font 48 This is font 36 This is font 28 This is font 24 This is font 20 This is font 18 This is font 16 The font size of the word below is written in 48.
  16. 16. Attention of audience will be divided Audience may pay more attention to visuals than to speaker Avoid slides with too much movement and/or sounds
  17. 17. Be punctual Stand up, or sit straight Keep hands in front of you Maintain eye contact with the audience on all sides of the room Start the presentation with a smile Use a conversational tone Dress neatly and professionally
  18. 18. Speak loud enough to be heard, and be confident Don’t speak in a monotone Alternate the rate of your voice Slow down when emphasizing important points Pauses can also be used to add emphasis Drink water to prevent voice problems
  19. 19. No preparation Lack of enthusiasm No presentation No eye contact objectives Mediocre first impression Lack good visuals Ineffective closing Lack of facial expression Stays in one place No audience involvement
  20. 20. Corporal Movement Swinging and moving excessively Playing with hair Chewing gum Clicking the top of a pen Playing with jewelry Leaning against something for support
  21. 21. Voice Speaking Too fast Too slow Too low Arrogance Fillers (repetitive sounds and phrases) “ah” “um” “and”
  22. 22. Know the room  Arrive early  Walk around the room Know the audience Know, practice, and revise your material Realize people want you to succeed Don’t apologize for being nervous Concentrate on your message Learn how to relax Turn nervousness into positive energy Visualize yourself speaking Gain experience
  23. 23. Transform fear and nervousness to presentation presence and strength Breathe deeply and exhale slowly (repeat) Stretch your muscles (neck, legs, and arms) Repeat breathing exercise, close your eyes, relax, feel prepared and ready Walk the room: feel the space of your success Greet your audience (Impact them)
  24. 24. Know the background of your topic Find out if there are any current / recent studies Know if there is any influence or impact on society / environment / organization Know the sources on which your research is based