SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Barthes Narrative Theory and Music Videos

Barthes Narrative Theory and how they fit into Music Videos

1 of 16
Download to read offline
BARTHES NARRATIVE
THEORY
ABOUT BARTHES…
 Among many things, Roland Barthes was a French literary theorist and he came up
with his own theory of the 'Five Codes'. Barthes described text as having no beginning
“we can gain access to it by several entrances” meaning there are many different ways to
analyze films and find meaning in them to work out the narrative. He said texts are either
open or closed meaning you can find many meanings for the same text, or just one.
 A narrative is either a spoken or written account of connecting events - meaning a
story. Barthes narrowed down any action in texts into five categories which he called
'codes' of any narrative, which you will see in the next slides.
Barthes Narrative Theory and Music Videos
HERMENEUTIC OR
ENIGMA CODES
 The function of this code is to make the reader question the narrative, or to delay an
answer to a question the same way a cliff-hanger would. Specifically, enigma codes set
puzzles in the story as well as solve them.
 The idea behind this code is that the delay between the audience asking the question
and the film revealing the answer, will drive the audience to continue watching.
 As you can see in the slide previous to this one, the photo makes us question a number
of things, for example why is the girl hiding? And why does someone have a pigs head on
them behind her? Is she being harassed? The purpose of this code is to keep the audience
guessing, it is the way the story avoids revealing all truth straight away - or maybe even at
all.
Barthes Narrative Theory and Music Videos
SEMANTIC CODES
 This is the way in which setting, characters and objects take on and portray different meanings. Its the way an
image is presented to us that will make us believe its a certain thing; place, creature, genre, etc. For example, the
film cover on the previous slide uses semantic codes generically to show us that it is a horror film by...
 The darkness in the picture suggesting the film will be dark, this is one of the generic conventions of a horror
film as it sets an intense atmosphere as even in real life, anything will appear to be scarier in the dark.
 The eye with no pupil, this shows abnormality and immediately shows us that this person may have no real
sight of life and could be possessed.
 The blood and shards of glass appearing to come out of the girls face, this tells us the film has a gory element
where people will be hurt - something that usually occurs in a horror film.
 The girl screaming also shows that she is unhappy and scared, this can be used to mirror how the audience
may feel as they watch; tense and possibly frightened.
Ad

Recommended

Media Studies - Music Videos
Media Studies - Music VideosMedia Studies - Music Videos
Media Studies - Music VideosYvonne44
 
Codes and conventions of the mystery genre
Codes and conventions of the mystery genreCodes and conventions of the mystery genre
Codes and conventions of the mystery genreasmedia16
 
Sven E Carlsson - Music Video Theorist
Sven E Carlsson - Music Video TheoristSven E Carlsson - Music Video Theorist
Sven E Carlsson - Music Video TheoristCoreyGB
 
Post modern music videos
Post modern music videosPost modern music videos
Post modern music videosramsz001
 
Steve Archer Music Video Theory
Steve Archer Music Video TheorySteve Archer Music Video Theory
Steve Archer Music Video TheoryOliver Cooke
 
Codes and conventions of music videos
Codes and conventions of music videosCodes and conventions of music videos
Codes and conventions of music videosElliezambakides
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Andrew Goodwin's Codes and Conventions of Music Videos
Andrew Goodwin's Codes and Conventions of Music VideosAndrew Goodwin's Codes and Conventions of Music Videos
Andrew Goodwin's Codes and Conventions of Music Videos11berrynat
 
Define postmodern media
Define postmodern mediaDefine postmodern media
Define postmodern mediaSianLynes
 
Andrew Goodwin’s Theory and Analysis of Music Videos
Andrew Goodwin’s Theory and Analysis of Music VideosAndrew Goodwin’s Theory and Analysis of Music Videos
Andrew Goodwin’s Theory and Analysis of Music Videoschristieshee
 
Radio 1 breakfast show case study
Radio 1 breakfast show case studyRadio 1 breakfast show case study
Radio 1 breakfast show case studyMrs Downie
 
Postmodern media breaks the rules of representation
Postmodern media breaks the rules of representationPostmodern media breaks the rules of representation
Postmodern media breaks the rules of representationSianLynes
 
Emile Sande Heaven:
Emile Sande Heaven: Emile Sande Heaven:
Emile Sande Heaven: jude.holmes
 
Conventions of a DigiPak
Conventions of a DigiPakConventions of a DigiPak
Conventions of a DigiPakTFlannigan
 
Postmodernism and film
Postmodernism and filmPostmodernism and film
Postmodernism and filmmeganlsx
 
Music Video Styles - A2 Media Studies
Music Video Styles - A2 Media StudiesMusic Video Styles - A2 Media Studies
Music Video Styles - A2 Media StudiesSamuel McNamara
 
Representations in music videos
Representations in music videos Representations in music videos
Representations in music videos ameliasponer
 
Media Studies Narrative Theory Revision for Music Video and Fiction Texts Yea...
Media Studies Narrative Theory Revision for Music Video and Fiction Texts Yea...Media Studies Narrative Theory Revision for Music Video and Fiction Texts Yea...
Media Studies Narrative Theory Revision for Music Video and Fiction Texts Yea...Ian Moreno-Melgar
 
Andrew Goodwin Music Video Theory
Andrew Goodwin Music Video TheoryAndrew Goodwin Music Video Theory
Andrew Goodwin Music Video TheoryJilly Hafenrichter
 
Under the Skin booklet - a guide, workbook and text book for A-Level film stu...
Under the Skin booklet - a guide, workbook and text book for A-Level film stu...Under the Skin booklet - a guide, workbook and text book for A-Level film stu...
Under the Skin booklet - a guide, workbook and text book for A-Level film stu...Ian Moreno-Melgar
 
G322: AS Media Studies Section A & B
G322: AS Media Studies Section A & BG322: AS Media Studies Section A & B
G322: AS Media Studies Section A & Bhannahmedia
 
Media Theory - Curran and Seaton
Media Theory - Curran and SeatonMedia Theory - Curran and Seaton
Media Theory - Curran and SeatonMsJMcLeod
 
Applying theory media industries
Applying theory media industriesApplying theory media industries
Applying theory media industriesMrs Downie
 
Intertextuality in Titanium
Intertextuality in TitaniumIntertextuality in Titanium
Intertextuality in Titaniumjude.holmes
 
Conventions of crime films
Conventions of crime filmsConventions of crime films
Conventions of crime filmsimogenmarsden
 
Black panther AL media Studies C1SB
Black panther AL media Studies C1SB Black panther AL media Studies C1SB
Black panther AL media Studies C1SB KBucket
 

What's hot (20)

Andrew Goodwin's Codes and Conventions of Music Videos
Andrew Goodwin's Codes and Conventions of Music VideosAndrew Goodwin's Codes and Conventions of Music Videos
Andrew Goodwin's Codes and Conventions of Music Videos
 
Define postmodern media
Define postmodern mediaDefine postmodern media
Define postmodern media
 
Andrew Goodwin’s Theory and Analysis of Music Videos
Andrew Goodwin’s Theory and Analysis of Music VideosAndrew Goodwin’s Theory and Analysis of Music Videos
Andrew Goodwin’s Theory and Analysis of Music Videos
 
Radio 1 breakfast show case study
Radio 1 breakfast show case studyRadio 1 breakfast show case study
Radio 1 breakfast show case study
 
Postmodern media breaks the rules of representation
Postmodern media breaks the rules of representationPostmodern media breaks the rules of representation
Postmodern media breaks the rules of representation
 
Emile Sande Heaven:
Emile Sande Heaven: Emile Sande Heaven:
Emile Sande Heaven:
 
Genre theory Steve Neale
Genre theory Steve NealeGenre theory Steve Neale
Genre theory Steve Neale
 
Conventions of a DigiPak
Conventions of a DigiPakConventions of a DigiPak
Conventions of a DigiPak
 
Postmodernism and film
Postmodernism and filmPostmodernism and film
Postmodernism and film
 
Music Video Styles - A2 Media Studies
Music Video Styles - A2 Media StudiesMusic Video Styles - A2 Media Studies
Music Video Styles - A2 Media Studies
 
Representations in music videos
Representations in music videos Representations in music videos
Representations in music videos
 
Media Studies Narrative Theory Revision for Music Video and Fiction Texts Yea...
Media Studies Narrative Theory Revision for Music Video and Fiction Texts Yea...Media Studies Narrative Theory Revision for Music Video and Fiction Texts Yea...
Media Studies Narrative Theory Revision for Music Video and Fiction Texts Yea...
 
Andrew Goodwin Music Video Theory
Andrew Goodwin Music Video TheoryAndrew Goodwin Music Video Theory
Andrew Goodwin Music Video Theory
 
Under the Skin booklet - a guide, workbook and text book for A-Level film stu...
Under the Skin booklet - a guide, workbook and text book for A-Level film stu...Under the Skin booklet - a guide, workbook and text book for A-Level film stu...
Under the Skin booklet - a guide, workbook and text book for A-Level film stu...
 
G322: AS Media Studies Section A & B
G322: AS Media Studies Section A & BG322: AS Media Studies Section A & B
G322: AS Media Studies Section A & B
 
Media Theory - Curran and Seaton
Media Theory - Curran and SeatonMedia Theory - Curran and Seaton
Media Theory - Curran and Seaton
 
Applying theory media industries
Applying theory media industriesApplying theory media industries
Applying theory media industries
 
Intertextuality in Titanium
Intertextuality in TitaniumIntertextuality in Titanium
Intertextuality in Titanium
 
Conventions of crime films
Conventions of crime filmsConventions of crime films
Conventions of crime films
 
Black panther AL media Studies C1SB
Black panther AL media Studies C1SB Black panther AL media Studies C1SB
Black panther AL media Studies C1SB
 

Viewers also liked

Ontology-Based Analyze of Chat Conversations. An Urban Development Case
Ontology-Based Analyzeof Chat Conversations. An Urban Development CaseOntology-Based Analyzeof Chat Conversations. An Urban Development Case
Ontology-Based Analyze of Chat Conversations. An Urban Development CaseStefan Trausan-Matu
 
Roland
RolandRoland
Rolandrageee
 
Postmodernism
PostmodernismPostmodernism
Postmodernismrageee
 
Bakhtin dialogismo e_polifonia_primeiro_capitulo
Bakhtin dialogismo e_polifonia_primeiro_capituloBakhtin dialogismo e_polifonia_primeiro_capitulo
Bakhtin dialogismo e_polifonia_primeiro_capituloAndréa Umpierre
 
Discurso e mudança social norman fairclough cap6
Discurso e mudança social   norman fairclough cap6Discurso e mudança social   norman fairclough cap6
Discurso e mudança social norman fairclough cap6Franciele Pimentel
 
Craig brandist the bakhtin circle- philosophy,culture and politics [pluto pr...
Craig brandist  the bakhtin circle- philosophy,culture and politics [pluto pr...Craig brandist  the bakhtin circle- philosophy,culture and politics [pluto pr...
Craig brandist the bakhtin circle- philosophy,culture and politics [pluto pr...Fabiola Rodríguez Santoyo
 
Polyphonic model, analysis method, software and sonification of discourse
Polyphonic model, analysis method, software and sonification of discourse Polyphonic model, analysis method, software and sonification of discourse
Polyphonic model, analysis method, software and sonification of discourse Stefan Trausan-Matu
 
Heteroglossia
HeteroglossiaHeteroglossia
Heteroglossiamurphylc
 
Discourse Analysis article shared by Azhar Khan ..1
Discourse Analysis article shared by Azhar Khan ..1Discourse Analysis article shared by Azhar Khan ..1
Discourse Analysis article shared by Azhar Khan ..1Abdullah Saleem
 
Bakhtin’s dialogical ontology and the question of identity
Bakhtin’s dialogical ontology and the question of identityBakhtin’s dialogical ontology and the question of identity
Bakhtin’s dialogical ontology and the question of identityAdail Sobral
 
Mikhail mikhailovich bakhtin, lecture outline
Mikhail mikhailovich bakhtin, lecture outlineMikhail mikhailovich bakhtin, lecture outline
Mikhail mikhailovich bakhtin, lecture outlineHina Honey
 
Mediji, propaganda i sistem
 Mediji, propaganda i sistem Mediji, propaganda i sistem
Mediji, propaganda i sistemDragan Kalamanda
 
Manufacturing consent ppt
Manufacturing consent pptManufacturing consent ppt
Manufacturing consent pptAhmad Gilani
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Prueba 2 latinoamericana
Prueba 2 latinoamericanaPrueba 2 latinoamericana
Prueba 2 latinoamericana
 
Ch02
Ch02Ch02
Ch02
 
Ontology-Based Analyze of Chat Conversations. An Urban Development Case
Ontology-Based Analyzeof Chat Conversations. An Urban Development CaseOntology-Based Analyzeof Chat Conversations. An Urban Development Case
Ontology-Based Analyze of Chat Conversations. An Urban Development Case
 
Roland
RolandRoland
Roland
 
Expo roland barthes
Expo roland barthesExpo roland barthes
Expo roland barthes
 
Postmodernism
PostmodernismPostmodernism
Postmodernism
 
Bakhtin dialogismo e_polifonia_primeiro_capitulo
Bakhtin dialogismo e_polifonia_primeiro_capituloBakhtin dialogismo e_polifonia_primeiro_capitulo
Bakhtin dialogismo e_polifonia_primeiro_capitulo
 
Discurso e mudança social norman fairclough cap6
Discurso e mudança social   norman fairclough cap6Discurso e mudança social   norman fairclough cap6
Discurso e mudança social norman fairclough cap6
 
Craig brandist the bakhtin circle- philosophy,culture and politics [pluto pr...
Craig brandist  the bakhtin circle- philosophy,culture and politics [pluto pr...Craig brandist  the bakhtin circle- philosophy,culture and politics [pluto pr...
Craig brandist the bakhtin circle- philosophy,culture and politics [pluto pr...
 
Polyphonic model, analysis method, software and sonification of discourse
Polyphonic model, analysis method, software and sonification of discourse Polyphonic model, analysis method, software and sonification of discourse
Polyphonic model, analysis method, software and sonification of discourse
 
Ronald barthes
Ronald barthesRonald barthes
Ronald barthes
 
Heteroglossia
HeteroglossiaHeteroglossia
Heteroglossia
 
Discourse Analysis article shared by Azhar Khan ..1
Discourse Analysis article shared by Azhar Khan ..1Discourse Analysis article shared by Azhar Khan ..1
Discourse Analysis article shared by Azhar Khan ..1
 
Propaganda
PropagandaPropaganda
Propaganda
 
Bakhtin’s dialogical ontology and the question of identity
Bakhtin’s dialogical ontology and the question of identityBakhtin’s dialogical ontology and the question of identity
Bakhtin’s dialogical ontology and the question of identity
 
Mikhail mikhailovich bakhtin, lecture outline
Mikhail mikhailovich bakhtin, lecture outlineMikhail mikhailovich bakhtin, lecture outline
Mikhail mikhailovich bakhtin, lecture outline
 
Mediji, propaganda i sistem
 Mediji, propaganda i sistem Mediji, propaganda i sistem
Mediji, propaganda i sistem
 
Barthes
BarthesBarthes
Barthes
 
Propaganda model P
Propaganda model PPropaganda model P
Propaganda model P
 
Manufacturing consent ppt
Manufacturing consent pptManufacturing consent ppt
Manufacturing consent ppt
 

Similar to Barthes Narrative Theory and Music Videos

Narrative theory in teaser trailers
Narrative theory in teaser trailersNarrative theory in teaser trailers
Narrative theory in teaser trailersalexsimpson95
 
Use of hermeneutic and proairetic codes
Use of hermeneutic and proairetic codesUse of hermeneutic and proairetic codes
Use of hermeneutic and proairetic codesvladimirkleshnev
 
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon Millie Holt
 
Narratological analysis of the video
Narratological analysis of the videoNarratological analysis of the video
Narratological analysis of the videofin98
 
Evaluation presentation
Evaluation presentationEvaluation presentation
Evaluation presentationguest81a3a9
 
Question 1 media coursework
Question 1 media courseworkQuestion 1 media coursework
Question 1 media courseworkAlexandra Offer
 
Evaluation Question 1
Evaluation Question 1Evaluation Question 1
Evaluation Question 1Ibzie
 
Narrative codes blog
Narrative codes blogNarrative codes blog
Narrative codes blogsavsalt2404
 
In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conv...
In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conv...In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conv...
In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conv...Thomas Hannett
 
Codes and Conventions of a film opening
Codes and Conventions of a film openingCodes and Conventions of a film opening
Codes and Conventions of a film openingGeorgieClements
 
Evaluation Media Cw
Evaluation Media CwEvaluation Media Cw
Evaluation Media Cwyana0803
 
Media Theories
Media TheoriesMedia Theories
Media TheoriesBecca1203
 
Intertext research
Intertext researchIntertext research
Intertext researchzself
 
Evaluation Q1,2,3,6
Evaluation Q1,2,3,6Evaluation Q1,2,3,6
Evaluation Q1,2,3,6JoeyPease
 

Similar to Barthes Narrative Theory and Music Videos (20)

Narrative codes
Narrative codesNarrative codes
Narrative codes
 
Narrative theory in teaser trailers
Narrative theory in teaser trailersNarrative theory in teaser trailers
Narrative theory in teaser trailers
 
Question 5
Question 5Question 5
Question 5
 
Use of hermeneutic and proairetic codes
Use of hermeneutic and proairetic codesUse of hermeneutic and proairetic codes
Use of hermeneutic and proairetic codes
 
John dies at the end analysis
John dies at the end analysisJohn dies at the end analysis
John dies at the end analysis
 
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
Roland Barthes: Seminotics- Hotel Babylon
 
Narratological analysis of the video
Narratological analysis of the videoNarratological analysis of the video
Narratological analysis of the video
 
Proposal
Proposal Proposal
Proposal
 
Costume & props
Costume & propsCostume & props
Costume & props
 
Evaluation presentation
Evaluation presentationEvaluation presentation
Evaluation presentation
 
Question 1 media coursework
Question 1 media courseworkQuestion 1 media coursework
Question 1 media coursework
 
Evaluation Question 1
Evaluation Question 1Evaluation Question 1
Evaluation Question 1
 
Media evaluation
Media evaluationMedia evaluation
Media evaluation
 
Narrative codes blog
Narrative codes blogNarrative codes blog
Narrative codes blog
 
In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conv...
In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conv...In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conv...
In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conv...
 
Codes and Conventions of a film opening
Codes and Conventions of a film openingCodes and Conventions of a film opening
Codes and Conventions of a film opening
 
Evaluation Media Cw
Evaluation Media CwEvaluation Media Cw
Evaluation Media Cw
 
Media Theories
Media TheoriesMedia Theories
Media Theories
 
Intertext research
Intertext researchIntertext research
Intertext research
 
Evaluation Q1,2,3,6
Evaluation Q1,2,3,6Evaluation Q1,2,3,6
Evaluation Q1,2,3,6
 

Recently uploaded

Grades 7 to 8 Anti- OSAEC and CSAEM session.pptx
Grades 7 to 8 Anti- OSAEC and CSAEM session.pptxGrades 7 to 8 Anti- OSAEC and CSAEM session.pptx
Grades 7 to 8 Anti- OSAEC and CSAEM session.pptxGladysValencia13
 
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUSC_Library
 
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)Rabiya Husain
 
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaFaheema Hasan
 
IR introduction Introduction, Principle & Theory
IR introduction Introduction, Principle & TheoryIR introduction Introduction, Principle & Theory
IR introduction Introduction, Principle & Theorynivedithag131
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stackNuttavutThongjor1
 
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxEvaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxgarvitnanecha
 
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyThe Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyTrushali Dodiya
 
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxMaria Lucia Céspedes
 
2.20.24 Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority.pptx
2.20.24 Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority.pptx2.20.24 Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority.pptx
2.20.24 Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasFood Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasAlexandraSwartzwelde
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxExit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxMYDA ANGELICA SUAN
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesTushar Tank
 
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUSC_Library
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsTushar Tank
 
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfData Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfChristalin Nelson
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Grades 7 to 8 Anti- OSAEC and CSAEM session.pptx
Grades 7 to 8 Anti- OSAEC and CSAEM session.pptxGrades 7 to 8 Anti- OSAEC and CSAEM session.pptx
Grades 7 to 8 Anti- OSAEC and CSAEM session.pptx
 
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
 
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
HOW TO DEVELOP A RESEARCH PROPOSAL (FOR RESEARCH SCHOLARS)
 
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
 
IR introduction Introduction, Principle & Theory
IR introduction Introduction, Principle & TheoryIR introduction Introduction, Principle & Theory
IR introduction Introduction, Principle & Theory
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
 
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptxEvaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
Evaluation and management of patients with Dyspepsia.pptx
 
Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer
 
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyThe Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
 
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docxACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 sopa de letras.docx
 
2.20.24 Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority.pptx
2.20.24 Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority.pptx2.20.24 Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority.pptx
2.20.24 Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority.pptx
 
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasFood Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-2.pdf
 
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docxExit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
Exit Essay - Save the Filipino Language by Renz Perez.docx
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
 
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
 
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdfData Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
Data Modeling - Entity Relationship Diagrams-1.pdf
 

Barthes Narrative Theory and Music Videos

  • 2. ABOUT BARTHES…  Among many things, Roland Barthes was a French literary theorist and he came up with his own theory of the 'Five Codes'. Barthes described text as having no beginning “we can gain access to it by several entrances” meaning there are many different ways to analyze films and find meaning in them to work out the narrative. He said texts are either open or closed meaning you can find many meanings for the same text, or just one.  A narrative is either a spoken or written account of connecting events - meaning a story. Barthes narrowed down any action in texts into five categories which he called 'codes' of any narrative, which you will see in the next slides.
  • 4. HERMENEUTIC OR ENIGMA CODES  The function of this code is to make the reader question the narrative, or to delay an answer to a question the same way a cliff-hanger would. Specifically, enigma codes set puzzles in the story as well as solve them.  The idea behind this code is that the delay between the audience asking the question and the film revealing the answer, will drive the audience to continue watching.  As you can see in the slide previous to this one, the photo makes us question a number of things, for example why is the girl hiding? And why does someone have a pigs head on them behind her? Is she being harassed? The purpose of this code is to keep the audience guessing, it is the way the story avoids revealing all truth straight away - or maybe even at all.
  • 6. SEMANTIC CODES  This is the way in which setting, characters and objects take on and portray different meanings. Its the way an image is presented to us that will make us believe its a certain thing; place, creature, genre, etc. For example, the film cover on the previous slide uses semantic codes generically to show us that it is a horror film by...  The darkness in the picture suggesting the film will be dark, this is one of the generic conventions of a horror film as it sets an intense atmosphere as even in real life, anything will appear to be scarier in the dark.  The eye with no pupil, this shows abnormality and immediately shows us that this person may have no real sight of life and could be possessed.  The blood and shards of glass appearing to come out of the girls face, this tells us the film has a gory element where people will be hurt - something that usually occurs in a horror film.  The girl screaming also shows that she is unhappy and scared, this can be used to mirror how the audience may feel as they watch; tense and possibly frightened.
  • 8. SYMBOLIC CODES  These signify 'binary oppositions'. These are themes, settings, characters, emotions or any object or thing that are opposites for example a boy/girl or happy/sad.  In the example in the previous slide, symbolic codes are used to show good vs evil, both sides are playing chess which signifies a game or competition. One hand is light and has the sun light surrounding it with the players hand appearing elegant and gentle, and the other is an aggressive looking dark hand with dark clouds/a storm surrounding it. These are the opposites I mentioned above, it is an effect used to emphasize the difference between things - in this case, people or teams.
  • 10. ACTION CODES  These are signs to us that something is about to happen, for example a man putting on his seatbelt - we would know he was about to drive, or a student putting up their hand in class, we would know they were about to ask a question. In films, this is often used to build tension, for example a man loading his gun (the image below) would tell viewers that he was aiming to either defend himself, or kill someone
  • 12. CULTURAL CODES  This code refers to anything that is founded on some kind of real information or law that cannot be challenged and is often use as a base for finding truth. This usually involves science and religion as the majority of people would class either one of these as the 'truth'. In fantasy stories magical truths may be involved such as 'after midnight magic wears off' such as in Cinderella, in the image on the previous slide, you will see the big tower clock in this film that signifies a magical culture code (that Cinderella has to run off, or else the prince will see who she really is). There is a branch off the Cultural Code called 'The Gnomic Code'. This typically refers to sayings, cliché's and any other common meaningful word sets. It basically looks at wider cultural knowledge.
  • 13. HOW DOES THIS THEORY FIT INTO MUSIC VIDEOS?  Each one of the codes are very creatively expressive, they can be done without much dialogue at all meaning they would fit into a music video very well, with the exception of the enigma code.  Enigma codes are meant to create questions in the audiences head and build suspense, music videos are typically fun and uplifting or tell a story. People listen to music to unwind or relax and enjoy themselves, one would be more interested in suspense from a film than a music video. One music video however that does make the audience question what is happening, building suspense, is Michael Jacksons 'Thriller', because right at the end we see that he is in fact a werewolf. So, although this code can sometimes work in a music video, its not particularly common unless the music video has a deep and meaningful message, or some mysterious element to it.
  • 14. SEMANTIC+SYMBOLIC CODES IN MUSIC VIDEOS  Semantic codes fit into music videos very well as they can show us the genre of the film, where the location is and what we are watching. In a scene, we may be able to tell it is particularly horror based from dark dingy lighting, a pale and creepy/abnormal looking character, blood could tell us of a gory element in the music video, and any dialogue or mimed dialogue would let us know how any of the characters felt (screams). These codes are very powerful in creating meaning for the audience without much of it coming from the actors performance, and therefore fit very well into music videos.  Symbolic codes are more common and fit better into fantasy themed/genre music videos rather than any other kind, these codes emphasize the differences between binary opposites which can be good for a music video containing a 'wicked' character and an 'angelic/heroic' one, such as in Joey Graceffa's music video for 'Don't Wait'.
  • 15. ACTION + CULTURAL CODES IN MUSIC VIDEOS  Action codes also fit very well into music videos as, although they tie in with enigma codes in that they can build tension, they are not as intense. For example, an action code could be two people that like each other about to hold hands, or kiss etc. It fits better into music videos as it doesn't create such an intense question in the audiences mind as an enigma code would, however it leads to a small element of the unknown, as the audience could most likely guess what is about to happen.  Cultural codes fit into fantasy themed music videos best as they follow a rule, whether that be 'magic wears off after midnight' or 'good will prevail'. It could also fit in a music video made with a moral message for example to show there are consequences for ones actions (a universal fact to all cultures) or to actually teach its audience about a worldly culture, however, typically these types of music videos are less common.
  • 16.  Overall, Bathes narrative theory would work very well in music videos, they help to create meaning for the audience and would help to make a video go from boring, to interesting!