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  1. 1. Agricultural Sustainability – 1Agricultural SustainabilityApril 28, 2013
  2. 2. Sustainability• SustainBrundtland• Justice• AgSustain• Ecology• Conserve• LandEthic• Econ• Social• Kirschenmann• Humane• Berry• Paradigms• TChange• Innovation• Goods• Consumers• Producers• Society• Resources• Institutions• CurrentParadigm• ChangeAgricultural Sustainability – 2• Sustainability is often defined as “meeting the needs of todaywithout compromising the ability of future generations tomeet their own needs” (The Brundtland Commission, 1987).• Stated another way “Humanity has the ability to makedevelopment sustainable to ensure that it meets the needs ofthe present without compromising the ability of futuregenerations to meet their own needs” (The BrundtlandCommission, 1987).
  3. 3. Intergenerational Justice• SustainBrundtland• Justice• AgSustain• Ecology• Conserve• LandEthic• Econ• Social• Kirschenmann• Humane• Berry• Paradigms• TChange• Innovation• Goods• Consumers• Producers• Society• Resources• Institutions• CurrentParadigm• ChangeAgricultural Sustainability – 3• Do obligations of justice constrain what we (members of thepresent generation) may do when our activities influence thelives of future generations?• Is it unjust for the present generation to use up resources, anddestroy environmental systems, if this will impose hardshipon later generations?• Will later generations be wealthier than we are? Do thebenefits we pass on to them outweigh the costs reflected indepleted resource stocks and environmental damage?
  4. 4. Land Ethic• SustainBrundtland• Justice• AgSustain• Ecology• Conserve• LandEthic• Econ• Social• Kirschenmann• Humane• Berry• Paradigms• TChange• Innovation• Goods• Consumers• Producers• Society• Resources• Institutions• CurrentParadigm• ChangeAgricultural Sustainability – 7• We abuse land because we regard it as a commoditybelonging to us. When we see land as a community towhich we belong, we may begin to use it with love andrespect.• All ethics so far evolved rest upon a single premise: thatthe individual is a member of a community ofinterdependent parts. The land ethic simply enlarges theboundaries of the community to include soils, waters,plants and animals, or collectively the land.• A land ethic changes the role of Homo sapiens fromconqueror of the land community to plain member andcitizen of it . . . it implies respect for hisfellow-members, and also respect for the community assuch.

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