signsWeek 5 Semiotics: Roland Barthesand Ferdinand Saussure
SemioticsThe study of signs it helps us to understand signs because studies look into how humans synthesize physical stimuli into words and other abstract concepts. These concepts may include: language, art, visual culture, music and other forms of human communication.
Roland Barthes “The Death of the Author”, 1972 “Writing is the destruction of every voice”Hakim Bey, The Temporary Autonomous Zone,1991; Pirate Utopias AutonomyChere Blair, “Panic and Plagiarism: Authorshipand Academic Dishonesty in a Remix Culture” Authorship/Authoritative PowerRoland Barthes, “Myth Today,” in Mythologies,1972 signifier+signified=SIGN=SIGNIFIED
The Death of the Author“Writing is the destruction of every voice”Original culture is centered around the author‟s Eg. Van Gogh: genius vs madnessAuthor is the past Book | AuthorThe birth of the reader must be at the cost of thedeath of the author
Pirate Utopias“Gone to Croatan”,“… a feeling of yearning for its formless form whichtook the symbol of the "Indian" for its focus:"Man" in the state of nature, uncorrupted by"government."”“Will Power as disappearance” Negative gesturesThe disappearance of the artist IS "the suppressionand realization of art"“The artist is not a special sort of person, but everyperson is a special sort of artist."
Panic and PlagiarismPlagiarism vs Reinterpretation“Second, once the original text has been“manipulated” and “transformed,” it isquestionable whether or not it ceases to be thatoriginal text at all.”A writer‟s authoritative power no longer lies withoriginality
Myth Today“Myths are not defined by the object of itsmessage, but by the way in which it utters thismessage: there are formal limits to myth, thereare no substantial ones.” Barthes considersmyths transforming meaning into form as“language robbery”A language that never diesMyths cannot exist without linguistic signsrepresented through human history
Myth TodaySignifier+signified=SIGN (linguistic system).SIGN= SIGNIFIER+SIGNIFIED (in mythologicalsystem)=SIGNIFICATION