The global business environment presentation slides - sessions 2-8

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The global business environment presentation slides - sessions 2-8

  1. 1. Session 2
  2. 2.         The “China effect” revisited The Eurozone crisis Fiscal crisis in America and Japan The BRICS Free trade vs. Protectionism Globalization and CSR Globalization and climate change Sustainability and the “triple bottom line”
  3. 3. Sessions 3-8
  4. 4. Session 3
  5. 5.        Political institutions International relations The role of government in the economy Market liberalization vs. protectionism Regulation vs. deregulation Key policies Outlook
  6. 6.    The basic rules of the game Type of political regime (democratic, authoritarian) Political stability (critical consideration)   Example: China Important questions in the current context -China: Middle class growth and political implications  Outlook and implications for business
  7. 7.  Membership in International Official Multilateral Organizations (UN, WTO, IMF/World Bank, Regional Trade Blocks/FTAs, etc.) Some important questions in the current context -Will a U.S.-E.U. free trade deal materialize? -Will the EU-China trade relationship deteriorate? -Will the Japan-China relationship deteriorate? -Will China develop stronger energy ties with Russia? -How will the India-China relationship unfold?   Outlook and implications for business
  8. 8.  -Market liberalization vs. protectionism -Will America turn protectionist? -Will Europe turn protectionist?  -Regulation vs. deregulation -Flexible labour markets in Europe? -Does privatization of public utilities work? -More banking regulation?   Example: The EU and the Eurozone Outlook and implications for business
  9. 9. Session 3 continued
  10. 10.       Judicial system Relations between various levels of government Business regulations & taxes Labour law Effectiveness of the legal system Outlook
  11. 11.  Judicial system -Structure, degree of independence (examples)  Relations between various levels of government -The question of jurisdiction (examples)  Business regulations & taxes -Ease of doing business (examples) -Corporate taxes (examples) -Direct vs. indirect taxes (examples)
  12. 12.  Labour law -Labour protection: Unions & collective bargaining, labour conditions (examples) -Minimum wages (examples) -Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)  Effectiveness of the legal system: enforcement -Examples (Canada and Greece)  Outlook and implications for business -Cases: Greece (Eldorado Gold), Bangladesh (WalMart, etc.), China (Apple; Foxconn)
  13. 13. Session 4
  14. 14.           Economic performance and competitiveness GDP composition by sector (agriculture, industry, services) Fiscal and monetary situation Trade and the current account External debt FDI & portfolio investments Foreign exchange reserves Credit rating Employment Outlook     Key industry sectors Industry structure and competition Financial sector Outlook
  15. 15.           Economic performance and competitiveness GDP composition by sector (agriculture, industry, services) Fiscal and monetary situation Trade and the current account External debt FDI & portfolio investments Foreign exchange reserves Credit rating Employment Outlook and Implications for business  Example: Japan (use the basic macroeconomic identity to illustrate)
  16. 16.  Key industry sectors Industry structure and competition Financial sector Outlook and implications for business  Example: Singapore (e.g., logistics)   
  17. 17. Session 5
  18. 18.         Demography Income distribution & standard of living Literacy & education Health care Culture, religion & work ethic Formal & informal labour markets Social welfare Outlook and implications for business  Case: Canada (e.g., auto industry: demand and supply factors) Corporate social responsibility (CSR) 
  19. 19. Session 6
  20. 20.     Intellectual property Research & Development Key high tech sectors Outlook and implications for business
  21. 21.     Intellectual property -Rationale for protection and patents Research & Development -Overhead costs, scale of production, industry concentration, government policy Key high tech sectors Example: Pharma industry Outlook and implications for business Case: Novartis India
  22. 22. Session 6 continued
  23. 23.    Environmental regulations & actions taken Environmental impact Outlook
  24. 24.    Environmental regulations & actions taken -Rationale of regulation (the theory) -Policy debates (examples) -Policy alternatives (examples) Environmental impact -Case: Canada’s oil sands -Case: Europe’s cap-and-trade Outlook and implications for business -Threats (Case: Haze over Singapore) -Opportunities (Case: investing in green technologies and the “triple bottom line”
  25. 25. Session 7
  26. 26. The teams of ‘student consultants’ will now proceed to assess (in principle) a company’s plan to do business in the country, which the team has already analysed in phase 1.  From the perspective of the proposed business investment, what are the opportunities and threats in the country? What are the company’s internal strengths and weaknesses?  The team’s performance in this consulting project will be assessed on their capacity to make effective use of PESTLE and SWOT analysis, complete with the necessary research, in order to present the company shareholders with a piece of good business advise.  Each team should choose a ‘case’, which is based on an actual situation and highlights some of the main issues facing companies as they expand internationally: Should they invest? What should they invest in? How? When? 
  27. 27.    Each group will give a 5min. PowerPoint presentation on the topic described above. See detailed instructions in section 2.2 (item 4) above. This assignment is due in session 8. Deliverables (slides + 500 word Executive Summary) should be uploaded to the Bb as ONE PDF document before the start of session 8. The file name must include the group number.
  28. 28. Session 8

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