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UNDERSTANDING
CANCER
WHAT IS CANCER?

• Cancer is a huge group of diseases
characterized by unrestrained growth and
spread of odd cells.
Normal Cells Vs. Cancer Cells
• Cancer cells:
– Be unable to find control over growth and
multiplication
– Do not self-des...
Growth of Cancer Cells
• Cancer cells reproduce every 2-6 weeks.
• Cancer cells size:
– One million cancer cells = head of...
Signs and Symptoms of Cancer
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Change in bowel lifestyle or bladder functions
Sores that do not heal
Abnormal...
Causes Of
Cancer?

LIFESTYLE

ENVOURMENT

GENETIC
LIFESTYLE RISK
• Smoking
• Diet high fat and low in fruits and vegetables
• Lack of exercise
• Unprotected exposure to the...
Environmental Risks
• Second hand smoke
• Pollution from air
• Industrial pollution
• Chemical exposures
Inherited Risks
• Less than 15% of cancers are hereditary
• Gene mutations are linked to some inherited cancers
• Cancers ...
Screening Tests and Self-exams
Screening tests:
• Colon
• Breast
• Cervical
• Prostate
Self-exams:
• Testicular
• Skin
Why Screening Tests?
• The dealing with cancer is most successful
when the cancer is detected as early as
possible, often ...
Colon Cancer
• Most colon cancers start as a polyps
• Removing polyps can avoid colon cancer
Colon Cancer Screening Guidelines
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Age of 50 and older
younger if there is a family history
Yearly fecal occ...
Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines
• Yearly mammograms starting at age 40
• Clinical breast exams
• about every three year...
Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines
• Women should report any breast change promptly
to their health care providers.
• Wome...
Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines
• Annual pap testing should begin with the onset of sexual
activity or at age 18
• ex...
Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines
• Men should speak to their doctor about the
pros and cons of prostate cancer screeni...
Testicular Cancer Screening Guidelines
• It is recommended that a testicular exam be
conducted through routine cancer-rela...
Skin Cancer
•

The ABCD’s of melanoma of skin
cancer
– Asymmetry: one half is not like
the other

– Border: the edges are ...
Skin Cancer Prevention
• It is important to:

– Defend your skin with hats, long sleeves and
sunscreen
– Do a self examina...
Good News!
• Other Ways to Reduce the Risks of Developing
Cancer…
Avoid Smoking or Chewing
Tobacco
• Cigarette smoking is
the leading cause of
preventable death in
the world
• Second hand ...
Fruits and Vegetables Decrease Cancer
Risks
• Cancer rates could turn down by up to 20% if
everyone consumed 5 fruits and ...
Limit Alcohol to No More Than

• Men – 2 drinks per day
• Women - 1 drink per day
Reduce Your Skin Exposure to the Sun

 Limit time outside, between 10 a.m. & 4 p.m.
 Wear defending clothing.
 Prevent ...
Be Active…Often
• Exercise for 30 minutes or more at least 4
days a week.
www.Goindiamedical.com
D-22,Sec 3,Near Noida
Near Sec 16 Metro Station
Noida, India – 201301
Cell-8860150009
Understanding of Cancer Treatment With GoIndiaMedical
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Understanding of Cancer Treatment With GoIndiaMedical

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Understanding of Cancer Treatment With GoIndiaMedical

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING CANCER
  2. 2. WHAT IS CANCER? • Cancer is a huge group of diseases characterized by unrestrained growth and spread of odd cells.
  3. 3. Normal Cells Vs. Cancer Cells • Cancer cells: – Be unable to find control over growth and multiplication – Do not self-destruct when they become worn out out or damaged – Crowd out healthy cells
  4. 4. Growth of Cancer Cells • Cancer cells reproduce every 2-6 weeks. • Cancer cells size: – One million cancer cells = head of a pin – One billion cancer cells = a small grape
  5. 5. Signs and Symptoms of Cancer • • • • • • • Change in bowel lifestyle or bladder functions Sores that do not heal Abnormal bleeding or discharge Hickening of breast or other parts of the body Difficulty swallowing Recent change in mole Determined coughing.
  6. 6. Causes Of Cancer? LIFESTYLE ENVOURMENT GENETIC
  7. 7. LIFESTYLE RISK • Smoking • Diet high fat and low in fruits and vegetables • Lack of exercise • Unprotected exposure to the UV rays • Obesity.
  8. 8. Environmental Risks • Second hand smoke • Pollution from air • Industrial pollution • Chemical exposures
  9. 9. Inherited Risks • Less than 15% of cancers are hereditary • Gene mutations are linked to some inherited cancers • Cancers that may be cause by inherited gene mutations are: – Colon cancer – Breast cancer – Ovarian – Prostate cancer – Skin cancer
  10. 10. Screening Tests and Self-exams Screening tests: • Colon • Breast • Cervical • Prostate Self-exams: • Testicular • Skin
  11. 11. Why Screening Tests? • The dealing with cancer is most successful when the cancer is detected as early as possible, often before symptoms take place.
  12. 12. Colon Cancer • Most colon cancers start as a polyps • Removing polyps can avoid colon cancer
  13. 13. Colon Cancer Screening Guidelines • • • • • • • Age of 50 and older younger if there is a family history Yearly fecal occult blood test Elastic sigmoidoscopy every 5 years Yearly FOBT and sigmoidoscopy every 5 years Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years Colonoscopy every 10 years
  14. 14. Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines • Yearly mammograms starting at age 40 • Clinical breast exams • about every three years for women in their 20s and 30s • every year for women 40 and over.
  15. 15. Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines • Women should report any breast change promptly to their health care providers. • Women at increased risk should speak with their doctors about the benefits and restrictions of starting mammography screening earlier, having additional tests or having more regular exams.
  16. 16. Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines • Annual pap testing should begin with the onset of sexual activity or at age 18 • examine pros & cons of new HPV vaccine • Pap testing should continue less frequently at the discretion of the medical provider and patient after three or more annual tests have been normal
  17. 17. Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines • Men should speak to their doctor about the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening • Prostate specific antigen and digital rectal examinations are recommended for men above 50
  18. 18. Testicular Cancer Screening Guidelines • It is recommended that a testicular exam be conducted through routine cancer-related checkups. • It is supposed that it is important to make men aware of testicular cancer and that any unusual mass should be evaluated by a health care provider without delay.
  19. 19. Skin Cancer • The ABCD’s of melanoma of skin cancer – Asymmetry: one half is not like the other – Border: the edges are jagged or irregular – Color: the color is varied, tan, red, black etch – Diameter: the diameter is larger than 8mm
  20. 20. Skin Cancer Prevention • It is important to: – Defend your skin with hats, long sleeves and sunscreen – Do a self examination of your skin monthly – Become recognizable with any moles, freckles or other abnormalities on your skin – Check for changes once a month.
  21. 21. Good News! • Other Ways to Reduce the Risks of Developing Cancer…
  22. 22. Avoid Smoking or Chewing Tobacco • Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the world • Second hand smoke affects everyone
  23. 23. Fruits and Vegetables Decrease Cancer Risks • Cancer rates could turn down by up to 20% if everyone consumed 5 fruits and vegetables a day! • Cancer struggle substances: – – – – Antioxidants Dietary fiber Carotenoids Flavenoids
  24. 24. Limit Alcohol to No More Than • Men – 2 drinks per day • Women - 1 drink per day
  25. 25. Reduce Your Skin Exposure to the Sun  Limit time outside, between 10 a.m. & 4 p.m.  Wear defending clothing.  Prevent sunburns, especially for children under 18.  Avoid tanning beds.
  26. 26. Be Active…Often • Exercise for 30 minutes or more at least 4 days a week.
  27. 27. www.Goindiamedical.com D-22,Sec 3,Near Noida Near Sec 16 Metro Station Noida, India – 201301 Cell-8860150009

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