Study Guide-
1. Philosopher-king should rule; critical of dir. dem.
2. Use reason to solve problems; scientific method
3. A...
Study Guide
6. Born with natural rights (life, liberty, property)
Influenced American Revolution
7. Reformed criminal justi...
Study Guide
11. Enlightened despot of Prussia
12. Enlightened despot of Austria-Hungarian Empire
13. Separation/ division ...
Study Guide

16. Men and women born with equal capacity to
lead. Equal rights in ed, family, and gov.
17. Founding father ...
Adam Smith
1. English Physiocrat (economic thinker
advocating little gov. intervention)/ FREE
MARKET= CAPITALISM
2. Free M...
Examples of Private/Public
         In Lakeside
Publically Owned:    Privately Owned:
Schools- State/      All businesses ...
“Public” vs. “Private”
What organizations does the government provide
for or help with (public)?
Federal agencies (FDA- re...
Study Guide
3. Tea house- gathering place/ clubs for philosophers
and visionaries to discuss new ideas
4. Art that is dram...
Study Guide

7. Established w/ Glor. Rev. limits royal power.
8. Monarch role very limited with Glor. Rev. b/c
parliament ...
Study Guide
11. 1. Colonists want to expand west, taxes
imposed with no representation (2. stamp, 3.tea), 4.
quartering la...
Study Guide

15. Declaration of Independence- Written by
Jefferson, inspired the French Declaration of
the Rights of Man.
...
STUDY GUIDE FR. REV
17. Women peasants and merchants (many of them
from the fish markets) take up arms and storm
Versailles...
STUDY GUIDE
21. King of France during revolution. Weak
leader, accused of being a traitor, beheaded as
war looms with Aust...
STUDY GUIDE
24. Marat- Reactionary journalist, ranted
against anyone who was not “with the
revolution”. Published lists of...
King
 Louis
 XVI
of France   Text
             Text
                    Louis XVI
Weak as
 king
Massive
 debt
Queen
Marie-
Antoinette
Austian by      Marie
birth
Loved the
               Antoinette
lavish life-
style of
court.
Palace of Versailles
Hall of Mirrors
The Three Estates:

         1. Clergy (Church)
         2. Nobility
         (Aristocracy-
         inherited status)
   ...
Estates General
                  Each estate had
                   one vote per
                    group. The
         ...
Causes of the French Revolution
Storming Bastille
                  Day One of
                      French
                   Revolution!
               ...
Locked out of
Tennis Court Oath       Estates
                     General, the
                     Third Estate
        ...
La Liberté et La Revolution
March on Versailles
The Reign of Terror
Execution Louis XVI
The First Republic
• Louis XVI shouted:

   ‘I die innocent of all the crimes
      with which I am charged. I
  forgive those that are guilt...
Louis’ head
Louis head 2
Execution Robespierre
Coronation of Napoleon B
Review Questions

What were the differences between the three
estates?
Why was the third estate discontent?
Who were the l...
Reforms- Yes! He learned from
   the enlightenment and the
   Frenchdespot”…??? He was authoritarian/ autocratic
 “Enlight...
Turn to map on page 666.
Read the legend at the top of the page.
All the purple is Napoleon control.
Notice British Blocka...
Napoleon’s defeat

Conquers much of Europe and moves east into
Russia. Not prepared for cold, harsh Russian
winters.
Czar ...
Congress of Vienna
*Concerned about the tide of nationalism
 and Rights of Man spread by the French
 Revolution and Napole...
How to ensure lasting peace
European heads of state and monarchs
meet to:
A) Contain France
B) Balance the Power
C) Keep m...
Congress of Vienna-
Austrian Prince Clemens von Metternich
 advocated European powers:
•Suppress any future revolutionary
...
Review


What did Napoleon achieve?
What were his accomplishments?
What did the Congress of Vienna accomplish?
What were t...
Study Guide + Revolution-Napoleon-Congress of Vienna
Study Guide + Revolution-Napoleon-Congress of Vienna
Study Guide + Revolution-Napoleon-Congress of Vienna
Study Guide + Revolution-Napoleon-Congress of Vienna
Study Guide + Revolution-Napoleon-Congress of Vienna
Study Guide + Revolution-Napoleon-Congress of Vienna
Study Guide + Revolution-Napoleon-Congress of Vienna
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Study Guide + Revolution-Napoleon-Congress of Vienna

  1. 1. Study Guide- 1. Philosopher-king should rule; critical of dir. dem. 2. Use reason to solve problems; scientific method 3. Absolute monarch; powerful English queen prior to enlightenment era 4. Absolute monarch; Powerful French King- built Versailles palace 5. Human nature is evil; Commoners incapable of ruling themselves democratically- Need strong monarch
  2. 2. Study Guide 6. Born with natural rights (life, liberty, property) Influenced American Revolution 7. Reformed criminal justice system (no torture, no capital punishment & speedy trial set) 8. Man is born good but corrupted by society- They CAN rule (direct democracy)- Social contract= individual sovereignty (gov by the people) 9. Freedom of Religion- Critical of church’s role in government. Separation church & state (gov) 10. Enlightened Despot- Empress of Russia
  3. 3. Study Guide 11. Enlightened despot of Prussia 12. Enlightened despot of Austria-Hungarian Empire 13. Separation/ division of powers (exec., legisl, judicial) and limit monarch’s powers. 14. Revolutionary general in South America- Liberated Peru, Argentina, Colombia, and Bolivia from Spain (independence!)- Wanted United States of S. Amer. 15. Revolutionary general of American Continental Army- 1st Pres/ member of Continental Congress
  4. 4. Study Guide 16. Men and women born with equal capacity to lead. Equal rights in ed, family, and gov. 17. Founding father of US/ Continental Congress- Writer of Declaration of Independence.
  5. 5. Adam Smith 1. English Physiocrat (economic thinker advocating little gov. intervention)/ FREE MARKET= CAPITALISM 2. Free Market- Let the private (indep.) businesses run themselves with no/ little interference from gov. = CAPITALISM Let the Markets run themselves- It will be in their best interest to make them as profitable as possible. Competition is necessary for a free market.
  6. 6. Examples of Private/Public In Lakeside Publically Owned: Privately Owned: Schools- State/ All businesses (goods community colleges and services) who Transport- bus work for profit system Banks Roads/ sidewalks Casinos Parks Energy companies Library Phone companies Fire/ Police Dept. Health Care Water District companies/insurance Day Care
  7. 7. “Public” vs. “Private” What organizations does the government provide for or help with (public)? Federal agencies (FDA- regulates pharmacudicals, FAA- regulates aviation companies, Post Office) What organizations are private? Starbucks, Nike, almost all stores, (since deregulation) energy companies, farmers (but they get gov. subsidies, Federal Express)
  8. 8. Study Guide 3. Tea house- gathering place/ clubs for philosophers and visionaries to discuss new ideas 4. Art that is dramatic and emotional. Use of dark and light- strong colors 5. Art that is artisocratic, emphasizing leisure time- superficial content- delicate and light 6. Glorious Revolution- Peaceful change of monarch in England- William II agrees to completely share power w/ parliament houses.
  9. 9. Study Guide 7. Established w/ Glor. Rev. limits royal power. 8. Monarch role very limited with Glor. Rev. b/c parliament and monarch share- divides power 9. Parliament- English legislature- House of Lords and House of Commons. PRIME MINISTER 10. Act of Union- Scotland, North Ireland, Wales unite with England- forming United Kingdom
  10. 10. Study Guide 11. 1. Colonists want to expand west, taxes imposed with no representation (2. stamp, 3.tea), 4. quartering law, 5. enlightenment ideas...democ.? 12. Ended the American Rev. (Brit/Fr. /Am agree to terms. 13. Adams, Washington, Franklin, Jefferson meet to draft the new constitution 14. Influenced by Locke, Rousseau, Voltaire and british documents- Inspired many other democratic countries
  11. 11. Study Guide 15. Declaration of Independence- Written by Jefferson, inspired the French Declaration of the Rights of Man. 16. 1. Monarchy in Debt (from court spending and Am. rev.) 2. Over-taxing peasants, 3. Weak king 4. Church corruption, 5. Poor harvest
  12. 12. STUDY GUIDE FR. REV 17. Women peasants and merchants (many of them from the fish markets) take up arms and storm Versailles, taking the king and queen to Paris. 18. Clergy, Nobility, Commoners (peasant and merchants)- RISING NOBILITY = “BOURGEOISIE” 19. Old regime of Louis XVI, National Assembly, Committee of Public Safety/ Reign of Terror, The Directory, Napoleon Bonaparte 20. Based on Dec. of Indep (Am.)- All equal, self-gov., no king mentioned!
  13. 13. STUDY GUIDE 21. King of France during revolution. Weak leader, accused of being a traitor, beheaded as war looms with Austria/ Prussia 22. Wife of Louis XVI, Queen of Fr. - Gambled, high court spending, devoted mother, unaware of politics of governing, beheaded as traitor after Louis XVI 23. Robespierre- Jacobin leader of Republican National Convention. Radical revolutionary leader
  14. 14. STUDY GUIDE 24. Marat- Reactionary journalist, ranted against anyone who was not “with the revolution”. Published lists of “traitors” who where executed. 25. More moderate revolutionary leader (perhaps more like Franklin in his motives...) Argues against the Jacobins and beheaded. 26. Napoleon (along with Adam Smith) will be tomorrow......
  15. 15. King Louis XVI of France Text Text Louis XVI Weak as king Massive debt
  16. 16. Queen Marie- Antoinette Austian by Marie birth Loved the Antoinette lavish life- style of court.
  17. 17. Palace of Versailles
  18. 18. Hall of Mirrors
  19. 19. The Three Estates: 1. Clergy (Church) 2. Nobility (Aristocracy- inherited status) 3. Everyone Else (peasants + commoners)!
  20. 20. Estates General Each estate had one vote per group. The clergy and nobility continuously voted together against raising taxes on themselves.
  21. 21. Causes of the French Revolution
  22. 22. Storming Bastille Day One of French Revolution! Commoners storm prison for armaments, gun powder, and prisoners, killing all guards and loyalists to the king.
  23. 23. Locked out of Tennis Court Oath Estates General, the Third Estate moves to the courts. Here, they realize their power and pledge to meet until they have a new constitiution. Egalité Liberté Fraternité
  24. 24. La Liberté et La Revolution
  25. 25. March on Versailles
  26. 26. The Reign of Terror
  27. 27. Execution Louis XVI
  28. 28. The First Republic
  29. 29. • Louis XVI shouted: ‘I die innocent of all the crimes with which I am charged. I forgive those that are guilty of my death, and I pray God that the blood you are about to shed will never be required of France.’
  30. 30. Louis’ head
  31. 31. Louis head 2
  32. 32. Execution Robespierre
  33. 33. Coronation of Napoleon B
  34. 34. Review Questions What were the differences between the three estates? Why was the third estate discontent? Who were the leaders of the revolution and what was their role? Why did they kill their king? What are the differences between the French revolution and the American revolution?
  35. 35. Reforms- Yes! He learned from the enlightenment and the Frenchdespot”…??? He was authoritarian/ autocratic “Enlightened Revolution! but: *Government overhauled, made more efficient *Equality before the law- NAPOLEONIC CODE *Government jobs open to all, based upon skills not birthright *Granted non-Catholics full citizenship *Excellent military tactics
  36. 36. Turn to map on page 666. Read the legend at the top of the page. All the purple is Napoleon control. Notice British Blockade (Great Britain is now very strong since Act of Union with Scotland and Ireland- huge, skilled NAVY)
  37. 37. Napoleon’s defeat Conquers much of Europe and moves east into Russia. Not prepared for cold, harsh Russian winters. Czar of Russia uses SLASH AND BURN against them- no grass for cavalry, no food from villages, everything destroyed as they arrive. Upon return, in battle with Britain, Napoleon’s army and exiled (imprisoned on an island)
  38. 38. Congress of Vienna *Concerned about the tide of nationalism and Rights of Man spread by the French Revolution and Napoleon, the victor nations met to discuss future of Europe. *Monarchs wished to keep hold on power!
  39. 39. How to ensure lasting peace European heads of state and monarchs meet to: A) Contain France B) Balance the Power C) Keep monarchs in place legitimately! Look at page 674! Study the two maps. What changes do you see?
  40. 40. Congress of Vienna- Austrian Prince Clemens von Metternich advocated European powers: •Suppress any future revolutionary movements quickly! •Ensure power lies with legitimate and traditional rulers. •Control the population through the press and strict laws. (In France, the monarchy was restored and King LouisXVIII was installed! So much for democracy for now.........)
  41. 41. Review What did Napoleon achieve? What were his accomplishments? What did the Congress of Vienna accomplish? What were the goals of the European monarchs? What is Napoleon’s legacy?

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