3 Revolutions


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3 Revolutions

  1. 1. Three Revolutions The Glorious Revolution The American Revolution The French Revolution
  2. 2. The Glorious Revolution
  3. 3. What was the Glorious Revolution? <ul><li>England 1689 </li></ul><ul><li>How change came about </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1653 parliament was dissolved became a military dictatorsip, people were unhappy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1660 the throne was restored (restoration) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament’s powers returned (no taxes without consent) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Habeas Corpus Act (right to a fair trial, mentioned in US constitution) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What was the affect of the Glorious Revolution? <ul><li>Turning point in English constitutional history </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament limited monarch’s power and control </li></ul><ul><li>England became a constitutional monarchy (powers of monarch are limited by constitution) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>English bill of rights was created </li></ul><ul><li>Formal summary of the rights and liberties of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Monarch was forbidden to make decisions without parliament approval </li></ul>
  6. 6. How did the American Revolution start? <ul><li>-Britain believed American colonies should pay taxes in return for security </li></ul><ul><li>-Colonists believed no taxation without representation (Parliament was not representing colonists) </li></ul><ul><li>-Colonists also wanted to expand west </li></ul>
  7. 8. What happened during the American Revolution? <ul><li>Colonists fight started in 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of In dependence signed in 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1781 British armies surrendered </li></ul><ul><li>Loose confederation, afraid of strong government </li></ul><ul><li>Government was too weak, couldn’t tax or make treaties </li></ul>
  8. 9. What happened after the American Revolution? <ul><li>1787 a group of leaders met in Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution was written </li></ul><ul><li>Model for new democracies around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Great debate over strong vs. weak government </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a representative government </li></ul><ul><li>Federal government was formed </li></ul>
  9. 10. How did the French Revolution begin? <ul><li>-People were unhappy with monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>-Clergy and nobility had priveleges </li></ul><ul><li>-only commoners paid taxes </li></ul><ul><li>-Inspired by American revolution </li></ul><ul><li>-people were hungry and felt the king didn’t care </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Enlightenment caused people to rethink ideas </li></ul><ul><li>1789- Louis raised taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant uprising across country </li></ul><ul><li>Fought to win democratic freedom </li></ul>
  11. 13. What happened after the French Revolution? <ul><li>National Assembly made needed changes </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was created </li></ul><ul><li>Strongly influenced by enlightenment and American Declaration of Independence </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>New Assembly not accepted by the king or aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Other European nations with absolute monarchies feared democracy </li></ul><ul><li>1792- royal family imprisoned, radical legislature took charge </li></ul><ul><li>Reign of terror began-people killed for believing in revolution </li></ul><ul><li>1799, Military leader, Napoleon Bonaparte took charge and created a dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>Not until mid1800’s that democracy developed in France </li></ul>
  13. 15. Reign of Terror film
  14. 16. Fr and Am rev comparison- film