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jama masjid


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jama masjid

  1. 1. 1. Introduction 2. Interior of jama masjid 3. Architecture 4. Construction 5. preservation
  2. 2. The Masjid-i Jahān-Numā commonly known as the Jama Masjid is the principal mosque of old Delhi in India. Commissioned by the mughal Emperor shah jahan, it is the best-known mosque in India. Construction began in 1650 and was completed in 1656. It lies at the beginning of the chawri bazaar road, a very busy central street of old Delhi. The later name, jama masjid, refers to the weekly Friday noon congregation prayers of Muslims, Jummah, which are usually done in a mosque, the "congregational mosque" or "jāma masjid"
  3. 3. 1.The courtyard of the mosque can be reached from the east, north and south by three flights of steps, all built of red sandstone. 2.The northern gate of the mosque has 39 steps. 3.The southern side of the mosque has 33 steps. 4.The eastern gate of the mosque was the rural entrance and it has 35 steps. 5.These steps used to house food stalls, shops and street entertainers. 6.In the morning the eastern side of the mosque used to be converted into a bazaar for poultry and birds in general. 7.The mosque faces west. Its three sides are covered with open arched colonnades, each having a lofty tower-like gateway in the center
  4. 4. •The foundation of the historic Jama Masjid was laid on a hillock in Shahjahanabad by the fifth Mughal Emperorof India, Shahjahan, on Friday, October 19, 1650 AD, •The mosque was the result of the efforts of over 6,000 workers, over a period of six years (1650–1656 AD). The cost of the construction in those times was 1 million (1 million) Rupees. Emperor Shahjahan also built the Taj Mahal at Agra and the Red Fort in New Delhi, which stands opposite the Jama Masjid •the whole of the western chamber is a big hall standing on 260 pillars all carved from Hindu and Jain traditions. The central courtyard is accessible from the East.
  5. 5. CNN-IBN reported how the Municipal Corporation of Delhi is planning 60-foot deep four-storey basement parking area dangerously close to Jama Masjid, the construction of which will damage the foundations of the historic mosque The ancient structure is now under threat, not from terrorists but from the Municipal Corporation of Delhi, which is all set to redevelop the area by digging dangerously close to the ancient structure. The MCD authorities have approved a Rs 1200-crore plan for the revamp of the precincts of Jama Masjid complex which, experts say, can threaten the very survival of the mosque in the long run.
  6. 6. Jama Masjid is the biggest mosque in Asia.  The construction of the Jama Masjid was ordered by the emperor Shah Jahan in the year 1656, which was also the year the Taj mahal was built About 5,000 workers were involved in the construction of the Jama Masjid, taking about six years. The cost involved in the construction in those times was about 10 million rupees in today’s economy the length of the hall is about 61 meters, where there are 11 entrances to the prayer hall. The mosque has two huge minarets which are about 41 meters high, and there is 130 steps built with red stone and marble. In addition there are four minor minarets to the back side of the mosque.