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  1. 1. “The world is not changing. It has already changed” Dr. Samuel Betances © Abdimalik Askar
  2. 2. Understanding Somali Culture Presented by: Abdimalik Askar Scholar, Journalist, and Politician. Ed.D candidate: Leadership of Education © Abdimalik Askar
  3. 3. COMPANY L/O/G/O General Q/A Culture Parents Students Overview
  4. 4. Cultural Game 10 Evaluation and Conclusion 10 Introduction/ Icebreaker 10
  5. 5. Before Civil War
  6. 6. After Civil War
  7. 7. Cultural Game 10 Evaluation and Conclusion 10 Introduction/ Icebreaker 10 To understand a culture, we must first understand the beliefs and values of the people. © Abdimalik Askar
  8. 8. Cultural Game 10 Evaluation and Conclusion 10 Introduction/ Icebreaker 10 World Value Traditional Secular Strong belief in God Strong belief &authority reason & human Africa Asia L/America United States Europe (Adapted from BrigidBechtold Consulting, 2004)© Abdimalik Askar
  9. 9. Time Perception Do one thing at a time Do more than one thing at a time The clock-mechanical The sun-natural cycles Precisely segmented time Flexible Future orientation Present orientation People live & plan for future People live for today Task Focused People focused Schedules as imperatives Schedules as goals North America Africa German Middle East Scandinavia Asia Latin America (Adopted from BrigidBechtold Consulting, 2004)© Abdimalik Askar
  10. 10. Cultural Game 10 Introduction/ Icebreaker 10 © Abdimalik Askar Remember - One of every six people on this planet is a Muslim!
  11. 11. Dates Fajr (Morning) Dhuhr (Noon) Asr (B/w Noon and evening) Maghrib (Evening) Isha (Night) 8-Apr 6:00 PM 1:16 PM 5:00 PM 7:51 PM 9:20 PM 1-May 5:15 AM 1:11 PM 5:07 PM 8:20 PM 10:00 PM 2-May 5:15 AM 1:10 PM 5:15 PM 8:22 PM 10:15 PM 3-May 5:00 AM 1:30 PM 5:15 PM 8:25 PM 10:00 PM © Abdimalik Askar
  12. 12. Muharram (Islamic New Year, 14333) 26 October, 2013 Mawlid al-Nabi (Muhammad's Birthday) December 5, 2013 Ramadan begins July 10, 2013 Eid al-Fitr (Ramadan ends) August 10, 2013 Eid al-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice) October 7, 2013 © Abdimalik Askar
  13. 13. Challenges Facing Parents Challenges Various aspect of life struggle Assistance with Homework Communication with teachers To protect religion and culture heritageParticipating school events Language Education discussion with child Time volunteer in school
  14. 14. The reasoned Somali student fail in the school is lack of reading. © Abdimalik Askar
  15. 15. The reasoned student fail is not returning homework. © Abdimalik Askar
  16. 16. Student Behavior is depended on the house is coming from. © Abdimalik Askar
  17. 17. Be aware of students: monitor their participation, know their names, look at each individual. Talk to the students individually: do not like to be embarrassed (embarrassment is one of the worst things for them (Amakulo, 2005). © Abdimalik Askar
  18. 18. Check for understanding by asking follow-up questions: often will say they understand something, even when they don’t (afraid of being embarrassed) (Amakulo, 2005). © Abdimalik Askar
  19. 19. Somali culture is extremely social and interactive, and students will benefit from collaborative activities, but may struggle with individual work. (Farid & McMahan, 2004). © Abdimalik Askar
  20. 20.  “What’s done to children, they will do to society.” (Stacia Tauscher)  “You are not teaching [a class] …you are teaching human beings” (Dr. Samuel Betances)  “We worry about what a child will be tomorrow, yet we forget that he is someone today.” (Dr. KarlMenninger) QUOTES
  21. 21. “It matters less where we are from. What really matters is where we are going” Dr. Samuel Betances Conclusion © Abdimalik Askar
  22. 22. © Abdimalik Askar
  23. 23. Cultural Game 10 Evaluation and Conclusion 10 Introduction/ Icebreaker 10 References • Bechtold, B. (2004). Somali Cultural Workshop. Minneapolis, MN. BrigidBechtold Consulting. • Breslow, Lori (1997). Teaching Notes. Sloan Communication Program, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). (1997). Retrieved April 02, 2008 from Management/15-279Spring-2005/B47DFA91-76FC- 4AFC- BD11- 3170FAEA1FA3/0/intculcommlecnot.pdf • • all_93-1_chp5.htm • Monica Friedlander (1991), The Newcomer Program: Helping Immigrant Students Succeed in U.S. Schools © Abdimalik Askar