SociolinguisticsWhat is sociolinguistics?Sociolinguistics is that part of linguistics which is concerned with languageas a social and cultural phenomenon (Peter Trudgill, 1983)Sociolinguistics is concerned with investigating the relationship betweenlanguage and society with the goal of a better understanding of thestructure of language, and how language functions in communication(Ronald wardaugh, 1986)Sociolinguistics is any study of language in relation to society (PeterMatthew, 1997)Sociolinguistics is the field that studies the relation between language andsociety, between the uses of language and the social structures in whichthe users of language live (Bernald spolsky, 1998)Sociolinguistics is the study of language in relation to social factors (SylviaChalker and Edmund Weiner, 1998).
Problems in language related with the society? how is the relations of language and itsusers – the societies? do people take the phenomenon forgranted? Why? if so why does it matter now?
Is Sociolinguistics…• Intertwining of linguistics and social facts?• Taking care of how social facts influencelanguage and how language influence sociallife?• What prove do we have?
The History of Sociolinguistics• What did the earlier study focus on?historical linguistics (August Schleicher)Structuralism (Saussure)Descriptivist (Franz Boas)TG (Chomsky)
Historical LinguisticsHow did the linguists view the language change?Is the language based on..?• Mechanistic physics?– more general and more scientific?• Natural selections?- has definite laws- develop- change- died out- has family tree
Saussure• How can Saussure come up with the idea oflanguage as a system?• Why would Saussure mention of language associal facts?• Why had Saussure been more influence onEuropean linguists?
Descriptivism• Descriptivism – Relativismhow is the relationship of all those beliefs?• Descriptivist vs prescriptive
So sociolinguistics:• is out of autonomous field (historical anddescriptive)• starts taking a look at variation in language(deny the universalities of language)• distinguishes from other interdisciplinary field– psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, appliedlinguisticsThis leads to….
Subject of InquiryMicro Sociolinguistics: Conversation, Speechacts, Stylistic, Code, Dialect and DiscourseMacro Sociolinguistics: Sociology of Language,Dialectology, Bilingualism, Pidgins and CreoleAnd Language Planning
Sociolinguistics in IndonesiaWhat do youfindinteresting?