3 pointlighting


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3 pointlighting

  1. 1. *Lighting is a very important part of photography, to be a goodphotographer you must understand lighting.The four lights:  Key  Fill  Hair  Edge
  2. 2. Different Lighting and Techniques
  3. 3. •The concepts of contrast and light angleswere often influenced by the light coming ina window.Background Light defined: Used forlighting the background of a set, as a wholeor specific areas
  4. 4. •You may notice the backgroundlevel is usually down, or less brightthan the subject. However it is notunusual to highlight something inthe background for interest. A plantor dim lamp is a common setdressing Setup with cookaloris pattern Pro-light, 250W
  5. 5. •Slash Accent- mix the slash withgeneral background fill, making itless prominent•Highlight Accent- adds visualinterest to the background, thiswould be to add a highlight to anobject in the setting
  6. 6. •The dominant source of light in a shot•Suggests an out of frame source• Choice of fixture (hard or soft) and its position will help set the mood of theshot
  7. 7. *Look at the cheek closestto the camera. Notice theeffect; the shadow linerunning down the cheek
  8. 8.  The short side-both soft and hard key lights are approaching the face from the far side of the face
  9. 9. •Bringing the Key light face-on iseffective for lightening the shadows fromwrinkles.•If possible you could move the subjectand lights further away from the backwall to allow the spill to fall off•Hatchet lighting- the shadow line runsright down the center of the face•You may also have to adjust the heightof the key light to better fill deep set eyes Reduced nose shadow Hatchet lighting
  10. 10. •Sometimes when power or timelimitations are factors, one light will dothe work of both Key and Fill• A second small light from behind addsa little shine to the hair adds a finishingtouch
  11. 11. Fill light defined: Fill is used tolighten shadows and controlcontrast ratios (the ratio of amountof Key to Fill light). Combined withthe Key light,Fill light helps define the mood bylighting the shaded areas in arange of intensities. It can varyfrom none, to a level equaling theKey light. Fill light alone Rifa 44, 250W Soft light
  12. 12. •Consider lightthe camera topositions near placementhide the shadows behind thesubject or more off to theopposite side from the Keylight•When the Fill is directly overthe camera it adds to the Keylights exposure so consideradjusting for it. A. Lower ratio of Key to Fill light B. Higher ratio of Key to Fill light C. Double Nose Shadow
  13. 13. •Hair light defined: A light from behindthe subject, often weaker than the Keyor Fill, aimed at the head & shoulders.Working with Hair light gets trickierwith receding hairlines, and may bedone without in that situation.
  14. 14. •Hair lights are placed directly opposite thecamera. It creates highlights and gives a niceshine to the hair. Small hard lights will makesmall hard lines and edges, which areappropriate if you are implying the motivationfor the light is a hard source. Larger sourcesprovide an even, gentle wash Hair light alone Rifa 44, 250W Soft light
  15. 15. •Edge light defined: A light from behind the subject, often weaker than the Keyor fill light
  16. 16. •Edge lights create subtle definingedges, and line-like highlights,which can be added to your setup todelineate the edge of your subject***be careful to keep any light fromshining into the front of the lens, itcauses lens flare.
  17. 17. •http://www.lowel.com/edu/foundations_of_lighting.html•http://www.lowel.com/edu/