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Types of psychological test


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Major types of psychological tests (projective and aptitude)

Published in: Education

Types of psychological test

  1. 1. Major Types of Psychological Tests
  2. 2. Psychological Test A measurement device or technique used to quantify behavior or aid in the understanding and prediction of behavior. A device for measuring characteristics of human beings that pertain to overt (observable) and covert (intraindividual) behavior. It also measures past, present or future human behavior.
  3. 3. Psychological Testing vs. Psychological Assessment Psychological Testing > involves the use of formal tests such as questionnaires or checklists. Psychological Assessment- > include numerous components such as norm- referenced psychological tests, informal tests and surveys, interview information, school or medical records, medical evaluation and observational data.
  4. 4. Major Types of Psychological Tests • Tests in which the stimulus or the required response or both are ambiguous. The general idea behind projective tests is that a person’s interpretation of an ambiguous stimulus reflects his or her unique characteristics. Projective Test
  5. 5. • The proposal that when a person attempts to understand an ambiguous or vague stimulus, his or her interpretation reflects needs, feelings, emotions, experiences, prior conditioning, thought processes and so forth. Projective Hypothesis
  6. 6. • In many projective tests, the participant is shown an ambiguous image and then asked to give the first response that comes to mind. The key to projective tests is the ambiguity of the stimuli. By providing the participant with a question or stimulus that is not clear, the underlying and unconscious motivations or attitudes are revealed. How do Projective tests work?
  7. 7. Example of a Projective Test • A projective psychological test consisting of 10 inkblots printed on cards. • The results of the test can vary depending on which of the many existing scoring systems the examiner uses. Rorschach Inkblot test
  8. 8. Aptitude Tests Examination that attempts to determine and measure a person’s ability to acquire, through future training, some specific set of skills (intellectual, motor, and so on) To predict what a person is able to learn or do given the right education and instruction. Designed to measure work-related cognitive capacity.
  9. 9. Components of Aptitude Test Verbal Reasoning Numeric Reasoning Abstract Reasoning Spatial Reasoning Mechanical Reasoning Data Checking Work Sampling
  10. 10. S.A.T. (Scholastic Aptitude Test) Measure a student's scholastic ability and achievement. SAT scores provide an indicator of the student's ability to do college-level work. Intended as an objective standard for comparing the abilities of students from widely different cultural backgrounds and types of schools.