Austria is a federal republic comprised of nine independent Federal Provinces: Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg and Vienna.
By: Ahmed Zareer
• Austria lies in southern Central Europe and
encompasses both the Eastern Alps, which cover
almost two-thirds of its territory, and the Danube
• Because of its location, the country has always
been a crossroads between the great economic
and cultural regions of Europe.
• Austria has common borders with eight
countries: Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia,
Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and
• Official Name: The Republic of Austria.
• Population: 8.49 million (01 Jan, 2013).
• Life expectancy: Men, 77/ Women, 82.79
• Official language: German Language
• Currency: Euro ‘€’
• Total area: 84,000 km2
• Railways: 6,399 km (3,552 km electrified)
• Highways: 110,778 km; (including 1,677 km
of express ways) (2011).
• Water ways: 358 km (2007).
• Ports and harbors: Enns, Krems, Linz,
• Airports: 55 (2011)
• Ethnic Groups:
- Major ethnic groups are:
Austrians, (Germanic) 91.1%, former
Yugoslavs 4% (Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs,
Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or
unspecified 2.4% (2001)
- Christian Catholic: 63.2%
- Christian Protestant: 7 %
- Muslims: 6.2%
- Non religious: 12%
• New Year's Day: 1st January
• Easter: 19th April - 21st April
• National Holiday: 1st May
• Assumption of the Virgin Mary: 15th August
• National Holiday: 26th October
• Christmas: 24th - 26th December
• Banking working Hours (general):
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday:8am to
12:30pm & 1:30pm to 3pm
8am to 12:30pm & 1:30pm to 5:30pm
Climate of Austria
Due to the topographical diversity and the relatively large
west-east expanse, there are three quite
different climatic regions:
• East: hot summers but only moderately cold winters.
• Alpine Region: High precipitation, short summers and
• West: transient climate influenced by the Atlantic (in
the West) and a continental influence in the South-east.
Summer : Average of 20° degree.
Winter : Average of 0° degree.
Geography of Austria
• Approximately 60% of Austrian territory is
mountainous and belongs to the Eastern Alps (Tyrol
Central Alps, Hohe Tauern and Niedere Tauern,
Northern Calcareous or Limestone Alps, Southern
Calcareous Alps and Wienerwald)
• Austria’s geographical position has long made
it a crossroads for trade routes between the
major European economic and cultural
• The highest mountain peak in Austria is a
part of the Alps is The Grossglockner as its
3798 m high
Most Important Lakes in Austria
1. Lake Neusiedl The largest lake in Europe 315 km²
extends as far as Hungary. also known as the “Sea
of the Viennese”. The vast waters are so shallow
that you could walk across the lake and not go out
of your depth.
Achensee lake is largest lake in Tyrol and the
second largest lake in Austria with 6.8 km².
3. Faaker See lake.
Considered to be the most beautiful lake in
Austria also called as Alpine lake which is
located in Carinthia with a surface area of 2.2
4. Seegrotte Lake
Occupies not far away from Vienna in the village
of Hinterbrül, there is the cave system with
the largest underground lake in Europe with
area at 6.2 Km².
The Danube is a river in Central and Eastern
Europe, the European Union's longest and the
continent's second longest river in Europe
after Volga river with a length of 2,860 km.
History of Austria
• There was a settlement in Austria science the
Paleolithic age until 800 BC at the Danube
Valley and the Alpine valleys.
• In 400 BC the Celtic peoples from Western
Europe settled in the eastern Alps and left us
some of there iron made artifacts.
• 200 BC The Roman came to the area and by 15 BC
they dominated the hole area.
• The most important Roman settlement in Austria
• Most important Romanians ruins in Carnuntum.
Amphitheater Pagans' Gate
• 60 AD many of the German trips extended in
• mid-500’s AD the Bavarians controlled the
territory between the eastern Alps and the
• 800 AD Charlemagne established a territory in
the Danube valley known as the Ostmark
• 996 AD the Ostmark was first referred to as
"Ostarrichi", a clear forerunner of the modern
German word "Österreich".
The Habsburgs Empire 1279-1780.
• 14th century Rudolf I announced a six
centuries of Habsburg rule in Austria.
• The Imperial Palace in Vienna is one of the
most important building in the Habsburgs
• Turkish Wars
The Ottoman Empire (Turks) threat, which
included unsuccessful sieges of Vienna in 1529
and in 1683, prompted Poland, Venice, and
Russia to join the Habsburg Empire in repelling
• In the late 1690s, command of the imperial
forces was entrusted to Prince Eugene of
Savoy. Under his leadership, Habsburg forces
won control of all but a small portion of
Hungary by 1699.
The Holocaust in Austria
• March 12, 1938, German troops
occupied the country.
• November 1938, the Nazis launched the
Kristallnacht pogrom in Austria as well
as in Germany.
• From March1938 to April 1945, most of
the Jewish population (200,000) of the
country was murdered or forced into
• On May 15, 1955, the Austrian
State Treaty was ratified, with
Austria declaring its
• 1995 Austria becomes a
member of the European
Industry in Austria
• Metals industries, both production and related
manufacturing accounted for 43.1%.
• Chemicals 12.6 %,
• Foods and beverages 11.8%,
• Forest products and paper 11.6%,
• Textiles, leather, and clothing 7.7%,
• Glass, pottery, and quarrying 5.3 percent,
• Mining 4.%,
• and Petrochemicals with 3.2 percent.
Agriculture and Forestry
• Small and midsize rural structures
252,000 farms with the average
size of 16 hectares*
• Building of grains: 60% of the land is arbale land 60%
grass land – cattle attitude and milk production.
• The production of beef
Covers 140% of the National
• Cultivation of wine.
* 1 hectare = 10,000 m²
• Tourism sector is high value niche in the
Austrian economy as the contribution of the
overall tourism and leisure industry to GDP
• The direct and indirect value added from
tourism recorded for 2012 was €45.53 billion.
Austria in Tourism and Travel
Competitiveness Index 2013
In 2013 Austria
comes in the
3rd place in
Number of Tourist 2013
In the year of 2013 there increasing of the
number of the tourist by 1.2% compared to
List of Austrian sites on the list
of world heritage of UNESCO
City of Graz
Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg bear
witness to an exemplary model of the living
heritage of a central European urban complex
influenced by the secular presence of the
Habsburgs and the cultural and artistic role
played by the main aristocratic families.
City of Graz – Historic Centre and
Schloss Eggenberg 1999
The Fertö/Neusiedler Lake
Has been the meeting place of different
cultures for eight millennia. This is graphically
demonstrated by its varied landscape, the
result of an evolutionary symbiosis between
human activity and the physical environment
Human activity in the magnificent natural
landscape of the Salzkammergut began in
prehistoric times, with the salt deposits being
exploited as early as the 2nd millennium BC
Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut
Cultural Landscape 1997
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg
• Salzburg has managed to preserve an
extraordinarily rich urban fabric, developed
over the period from the Middle Ages to the
19th century when it was a city-state ruled by
a prince-archbishop. Its Flamboyant Gothic
art attracted many craftsmen and artists
Historic Centre of Vienna
• The historic centre of Vienna is rich in
architectural ensembles, including Baroque
castles and gardens, as well as the late-19th-century
Ringstrasse lined with grand
buildings, monuments and parks.
Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
From the 18th century to 1918, Schönbrunn
was the residence of the Habsburg emperors.
It was designed by the architects Johann
Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and Nicolaus
Pacassi and is full of outstanding examples of
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the
This serial property of 111 small individual sites
encompasses the remains of prehistoric pile-dwelling
(or stilt house) settlements in and
around the Alps built from around 5000 to
500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the
• The Semmering Railway, built over 41 km of
high mountains between 1848 and 1854, is
one of the greatest feats of civil engineering
from this pioneering phase of railway
Wachau Cultural Landscape
• The Wachau is a stretch of the Danube Valley
between Melk and Krems, a landscape of high
visual quality. It preserves in an intact and
visible form many traces - in terms of
architecture, (monasteries, castles, ruins),
urban design, (towns and villages), and
agricultural use, principally for the cultivation
of vines - of its evolution since prehistoric
Facts about Vorarlberg
• the westernmost, and second smallest
Austrian federal state after Vienna
• capital: Bregenz
• Total Area: 2.601 km²
• Population: 373,058 people
• Main area for winter sports is the Arlberg
The Arlberg is not a mountain but the
mountain pass (1793m) between Vorarlberg
• Lake Constance (Bodensee) is one of the
biggest lakes in Europe
• Cheese is one of the main agricultural
products of Vorarlberg. Alpine cheese or
"Bergkäse" is a regional specialty.
• Vorarlberg has about 40 regional types of
Fact about Salzburg
• capital: Salzburg
• Area: 65.678 km2
• Population: 145,871
Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in
Austria and the capital of the federal
state of Salzburg. Salzburg's "Old Town"
has internationally renowned baroque
architecture and one of the best-preserved
city centers north of the Alps
• Salzburg is a tourist destination for winter
sports and various music festivals.
• Mozart was born in Salzburg
• Hermann Maier (skier)
Facts about Upper Austria
• Capital: Linz
• Area: 11,981.92 km2
• Population: 1,416,772
• Considerd to be the fourth-largest federal
• Landscape concest of meny mountains, such
as Totes Gebirge (Dead Mountains),
Dachsteingebirge, Höllengebirge (Hell’s
• Also concest of meny lakes and rivers, such as
the Salzkammergut Lakes, the Danube River
and the Enns River
Fact about Lower Austria
• Capital: Sankt Pölten
• Area: 19,186 km2
• Population: 1,612,000
• Located in the north-east of Austria
• Austria’s largest federal state.
• Hocheck (1061m)
• Schneeberg (2076m)
Passes crossing the Alps:
• Semmering (985m)
connecting Lower Austria and Styria
• Wechsel (980m)
connecting Lower Austria and Styria
• It has 36 rivers, among them: Danube,
Traisen, March and Thaya.
• the Wachau Valley is an
growing area and a
World Heritage Site
• Area: 414.65 km
• Population: 1,765,649 and
• The capital of Austria and a federal state
at the same time.
• Vienna has more than 20% of Austria's
• And considered to be its cultural,
economical and political center.
The city was ranked 1st globally for its
culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008,
and fifth globally (out of 256 cities) in
the 2011 innovation city index , which
analyzed 162 indicators in covering
three areas: culture, infrastructure and
Each year since 2005, Vienna has
been the world's number one
destination for international
congresses and conventions. It
attracts about five million tourists a
Music is one of Vienna's legacies. Musical
prodigies including Mozart, Joseph
Haydn, Franz Schubert and Gustav
Mahler have worked there in Vienna
• Art and culture had a long tradition in
Vienna, including theatre, opera, classical
music and fine arts. The Burgtheater is
considered one of the best theatres in the
German-speaking world alongside its branch,
Tourist Attraction of Vienna
• City Hall
The Vienna City Hall
The City Hall is one of the most splendid
amongst the numerous monumental buildings
along Vienna's. Designed by Friedrich
Schmidt (1825-1891), it was erected between
1872 and 1883. The architecture of
the Ringstraße is dominated by historicism
The foundation stone was laid in 1874; the
building was completed in 1883. The
architect responsible for its Greek
revival style was Theophil Hansen. He
designed the building holistically, each
element harmonizing with the others.
Burgtheater, originally known as K.K. Theater
an der Burg, then until 1918 as the K.K.
Hofburgtheater, is the Austrian National
Theatre in Vienna and one of the most
important German language theatres in the
• Hofburg Palace is a palace located in Vienna,
Austria, that has housed some of the most
powerful people in European and Austrian
history, including the Habsburg dynasty,
rulers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.