Luzhi

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Luzhi

  1. 1. From the Field to Policy Lü Zhi Center for Nature and Society Peking University Nov. 2008
  2. 2. • The environment crisis in China and the world • China should and could do better • Better governance and effective policies have a significant influence • Effective policies require credible information and insights
  3. 3. CNS’s Approach EDSS (Environment Decision Support System) EDSS MONITORING GOOD Environmental Policy Sustainability i.e. –PES Maintained –Extinction Avoided –Habitat Restored –... INFORMATION NETWORK SURVEY - RAP E POLICY FORUM
  4. 4. Establish monitoring system in Protected areas and Communities
  5. 5. 生物多样性快速调查 RAPID ASSESSMENT PROGRAM (RAP) Terrestrial Ecosystems Freshwater Ecosystems Marine Ecosystems 陆生生态系统 淡水生态系统 海洋生态系统 One RAP  20 Senior experts  Full taxa  20 days  30K USD  >10 new species One RAP  20 Senior experts  Full taxa  20 days  30K USD  >10 new species
  6. 6. Erguna River, Inner Mongolia Turmu Peak Area Ganzi, West Sichuan Jinping 、 Huan glianshan Yunnan Southeast Tibet Accomplished and Proposed RAP Sites
  7. 7. 描述植被群落 Describing vegetation
  8. 8. 小型兽类陷 阱 Trap for small mammal
  9. 9. 小型兽类足迹收集 器 Footprint collector for small mammal
  10. 10. 网捕 Catch bird with net
  11. 11. 沿路线调查鸟类 Survey bird along transect lines
  12. 12. 布设红外触发相机陷阱调查大型兽 类 Setting infra-red camera trap for mammal survey
  13. 13. 麝 Musk deer Moschus chrysogaster
  14. 14. • Insect collection
  15. 15. 路线调查直接采集蚂蚁 Collect ants along trails
  16. 16. 收集土壤中的蚂蚁 Collect ants from soil filter.
  17. 17. County Distribution Habitat Elevation and and = China Wide: 639 species has those basic information, and more to come. Possible distribution Species database and distribution modelingSpecies database and distribution modeling
  18. 18. Using species distribution predict model, with limited observation locality points, (200-500), the prediction can be very close to actual distribution. Actual panda distribution from the 3rd National panda survey (1999-2001) Panda distribution from prediction model
  19. 19. Methods used in KBA delineation (SW Mountains of China ) 1. Single KBA delineation: 6 Type of KBA I: KBA, Polygon, Good II: KBA, Polygon, Fuzzy III: KBA, Point, Poor IV: CKBA, Polygon, Good V: CKBA, Polygon, Fuzzy VI: CKBA, Point, Poor
  20. 20. KBA defined mainly based on threaten species and nature reserves Total 199 KBA 141 CKBA 58 AZE 10 IBA 51 PA 130
  21. 21. The most valuable area in China to preserve biodiversity Overlay of 639 species distributions CR (极危) 60: X 8 EN (濒危) 205 : X 4 VU (易危) 212 : X 2 Other 其他 162 : X 1
  22. 22. Key Biodiversity Areas in China • Nature Reserve • World Heritage • Sites of Alliance for Zero Extinction • Important Bird Area • Ramsar wetland Sites •……
  23. 23. Forest change detection
  24. 24. 退化原因一:林 、 ?业 农业 Degradation: logging, land clearance for agriculture 19890102 20020106 最 果终结
  25. 25. 退化原因二:地 灾害?质 Degradation: land sliding 19881027 20011023
  26. 26. 退化原因三:火灾 / 病虫害? Fire/disease 19940115 20001006
  27. 27. Are nature reserves effective? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  28. 28. Deforestation of Southwest China (1990s-2000s) TM/ETM China : 550 Having Forest : 350 Accomplished : 87
  29. 29. Watersheds for Rice Production
  30. 30. Watersheds for Clean Drinking Water Needs
  31. 31. Watersheds for GDP Production
  32. 32. Ongoing case study: Information integrating to support local planning, based on watershed.
  33. 33. preliminary result: biodiversity importance, forest and climate biodiversity
  34. 34. 生 有 服态 偿 务 Pay for Ecosystem Service (PES)
  35. 35. $CO 2H2O 政策 法律 市场机制 / 企业行 为
  36. 36. Lijiang hydrological dynamics Old town

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