Question 4


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Question 4

  1. 1. How did you use media technologies in theconstruction and research, planning and evaluationstages?Research and PlanningThe research and planning of our TV documentary was highly important for theproduction. We didn’t know that so much planning went into making adocumentary and we didn’t know about using media technologies such as thecamera, Final Cut Express and Garage Band. A lot of the planning we had to dodid not require media technologies; it had to be done by hand. For example,our storyboards were done by hand.In the research stage of ourdocumentary, we used new mediatechnologies to help publish our findingsonto our blog. For example we usedPrezi to publish our different topicideas. This made our blog look a bitdifferent and a bit more interesting. Toresearch into our topic more, we had touse up to date sources that couldprovide us with recent and relevant information. We used sources such as TheGuardian, BBC and The Telegraph.These websites provided us with the statistics and facts we needed to use inour documentary. We also had to do research into the channel we wanted tobroadcast our documentary on. To conduct our channel research, we looked atthe websites of the potential channels and found out what their targetaudience was to see whether it fitted into our target audience. Themost suitable channel for ourdocumentary to be broadcasted on wasChannel 4. We chose Channel 4 because we found out that Channel4 broadcasts a lot of documentaries as part of their regular TVschedule so we knew that our documentary would fit in. Also, wefound out that their target audience consist of our target audience
  2. 2. therefore we knew that our documentary would be shown to the rightaudience. Through giving a questionnaire to a group of students in our targetaudience we were able to find out that the majority of them watch Channel 4regularly. This allowed us to be sure that we had chosen the right channel forour documentary to be broadcasted on.We also had to research into similar documentaries to make sure that wecould pick out codes and conventions that Channel 4 has used in theirdocumentaries. To do this, we used 4OD to look at similar documentaries andnote down any features that we could use in our documentary. We also had tolook at YouTube to find documentaries that were no longer available on 4OD.All of our research was then posted in our group blog on whichwas used to post all of our research and planning so that it was all in one placeand easily assessable. I found useful because as a group we could all look at the research and planning as a whole and identify what could be improved or plan what our next step was.FilmingThe next stage of production was to start filming. To film our documentary weused Canon HD Camera. This camera allowed usto take still shots as well take videos which was auseful feature to have. After learning basics of thecamera, we were able to learn how to use themore complex features such as the zooming tool,focus tool and the white balance tool. Learninghow to use these tools and so many othershelped us to expand our abilities and usetechniques in our documentary that will make visually interesting. As well asusing the video filming function of the camera, we also used the still camerafunction to take images of posters which would be useful to fill small sectionsof our documentary.During our documentary we used the tripod to hold the camera steady andensure we have professional shots. We did use the handheld camera for shotsthat wouldn’t have looked professional and steady if we had used the tripod.We used the tripod for shots such as establishing shots and expert interviewbecause using the tripod meant that we could get the framing for each shot
  3. 3. right. The tripod meant that we were able to shoot shots such as a pan, or tracking without the camera shaking. We also had to make we had the equipment for the sound as well for the filming. To make sure that our sound levels could be heard clearly, we used a directional microphone to record our expert interviews, vox pops and voice over. We had to plug in headphones into the camera so that we knew when we were filming the sound levels could be heard clearly. When we recorded our voice over we used a quiet room without the echoing effect, so that the voice over was recorded clear and without any background noise. Editing When we finished all our filming, we uploaded all of our clips from our camera onto the Apple iMac. Once we had done it once, the process was simple and easy to do. We plugged the camera into the iMac and then opened Final Cut Express which is the software on the iMac that we used to edit our whole documentary. The first stage was ‘log and transferring’ all the clips from our camera and place them into Final Cut Express so that we were ready to edit straight away. After every day we logged and transferred that days clips into Final Cut Express and named each individual clip something that would help us to find them easily when it came to structuring our documentary. Window for viewing our Time documentary.Unedited footage Visual footage Editing tools Audio footage
  4. 4. When filming we had taken our time during each shot to make sure that theshot was steady. So when it came to editing, a lot of our clips had to bemodified and sped up because they were taking up too much time. To do thiswe went onto Modify and then down to speed where we could increase thespeed so that the clip can take up less time on the timeline.We also had a few problems with the audio levels on particular clips becausewhen we watched some of the clips back such as the Just4U interview, thesound levels could not be heard clearly. To fix the problemwe used the pin point tool on the tool bar and picked the point where we wanted to increase the sound levels and raised the pink sound bar up. We then had to listen to the clip back with the rest of the documentary to check the sound was level. Modifying the sound levels also became useful when we wanted to fade the music in and out, which we did before and after the expert interviews. Another skill we learnt to do on Final Cut Express was the use of transitions and effects. In our documentary we used mostly straight cuts which is a convention used in many actual documentaries. But onsome shots such as the opening sequence and we did this because we thoughtthe audience would appreciate a more interesting opening sequence thatwould grab the audience’s attention straight away. Thetransitions were easy to use because all we had to do ischoose the transition from the effects sidebar and then dragthe effects onto the clip we wanted. We used the effectscross dissolve and swipe during the opening sequence. Wecould preview the clip and transition before we made thefinal editing which helped us to save time and not make asmany mistakes.After all the clips and transitions were put into the correct place and thetimeline was structured the way we wanted it to be. It was time to place in thesound and record our voiceover. Before recording our voiceover, we had toscript it and make sure that the content was relevant to the documentary. Wehad to record the voiceover on the camera using the headphones andmicrophone and we made sure again that we recorded in a quiet room wherethere would be no echoing sound. We decided to record our voiceover insections so that it would be easier to place into the timeline.
  5. 5. Using Garage Band we composed a simple one beat music track that wouldplay as our background music. We made a 5 minute track which consists of the‘Club Dance Beat 007’ which can be located in the Garage Band library andthen exported the track as an mp3. We then opened the track in Final CutExpress and dragged it in the A2 layer of our audio timeline.Radio TrailerOur radio trailer also had to be created on Final CutExpress. Again, we created our background music inGarage Band and we used the same beat as we did for our documentary to link the two products together. We dragged the beat into the timeline and then saved it as our track. To choose a beat, we looked at the different types of sound that were available in the Garage Band library. We ended up choosing ‘Club Dance Beat 007’ and pasted the trackover and over again to create one 5 minute track. Oncewe had the basic music track done, we then had to placethe voiceover and extracts from our documentary overthe top. To make sure that the extracts and voiceovercould be heard clearly, we had to adjust the sound levels.Once everything was finished and we were happy with it, we then exportedthis again by choosing the export song to disk option on the share drop downmenu. Once we had exported the radio trailer it could be played on any deviceas an mp3 track.The radio trailer was easier to construct as we had already learnt anddeveloped our Final Cut Express skills after making our documentary. We usedtwo extracts from our documentary which were clips from our expertinterviews because we thought that these extracts would grab the audience’sattention and get them interested in the documentary. There were certainthings that we had to make sure were included in our radio trailer like thetime, date and channel of the documentary which we made sure wereincluded in our script.
  6. 6. Magazine ArticleTo make our magazine article we used the same software that we used tomake our music magazine in AS Media. We used Adobe InDesign whichallowed us toproduce our double page spread.To start our double page spread I added the purple banner with the yellow textinside it reading “The Best of this Week’s TV”because it followed TV Choice’s conventions whichwe had researched beforehand.We then copy and pasted the article into InDesign from Word and structured itinto columns which is also another convention which TV Choice regularly do intheir articles.To make the single page into a double page spread we had to go onto thelayout drop down menu and select the option add page. This made our single page spread into a double page spread and allowed us to make the double page spread as a whole rather than have to make each page separately. Because we had used InDesign before, we had already learnt the basics and developed our skills during the AS Media course. Therefore when it came to making the double page spread, it was pretty simple because we knew what we weredoing.