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INDIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH:
A CRITICAL ANALYSIS
           ABHIGYAN SHARMA
           ABHISHEK BISWAS
           ANURAG MEHRA
           AVLEEN KAUR
           ISHITA JAIN
           RAKESH WADHWANI
1.   DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS
2.   FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
3.   INFRASTRUCTURE
4.   EMPLOYMENT
5.   CONCLUSION
• POPULATION
• AGE
• LIFESTYLE
• GENDER
• TASTE AND PREFERENCES
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)


 An investment abroad, usually where the company
 being invested in is controlled by the foreign
 corporation.
FDI in India
                   Industry                 Rate(%)
Hotel & Tourism                               100
Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFC)        49

Insurance Sector                              26
Telecommunication                             49
Trading                                       51
Power                                         100
Drugs & Pharmaceuticals                       100
Roads, Highways, Ports and Harbours           100
Pollution Control and Management              100
Call Centres in India                         100
Business Process Outsourcing BPO in India     100
Issue in FDI Retail


 As per the recent news, RBI norms are becoming
 another hurdle for FDI in India.
Foreign Institutional Investor - FII
 An investor or investment fund that is from or
  registered in a country outside of the one in which it is
  currently investing. Institutional investors include
  hedge funds, insurance companies, pension funds and
  mutual funds.
 FII’s have increased over the time and they are grown
  rapidly in post liberalisation period. After
  liberalisation, our economy has been opened and most
  of the barriers have been dropped so as to increase
  foreign reserves in the country which will
  automatically appreciate our currency in global
  market.
INFRASTRUCTURE
Health Care

     Year 2012
     US$ 75 Billion

     Year 2020
     US$ 280 Billion

     Year 2030
     (ESTIMATED)
     US$ 726 Billion
EDUCATION

• National education budget 2011-12 ,52027
  crore i.e. Usd$10.56 billion


•   25% Population Is Still Illiterate



• 15% of Indian students reach High school
“INDIA WILL BE THE MOST
EDUCATED COUNTRY IN
 THE WORLD BY 2030”

  -KAPIL SIBAL, MINISTER
                 OF HRD
INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE



               Year 2012
               0.7% OF GDP

               Year 2030
               1.1% OF GDP
• Electricity: US$167 billion

• Railways: US$65 billion

• Road and highways: US$92 billion

• Ports: US$22 billion

• Airports: US$8 billion
INVESTMENT FROM
     2012-2030

Rs 39.2 LAKH CRORE
IMPORTANCE OF EMPLOYMENT IN
     ECONOMIC GROWTH
IMPORTANCE OF EMPLOYMENT IN ECONOMIC GROWTH
             Population of India
Unemployment Rate
VARIOUS STEPS TAKEN BY
     GOVERNMENT
       •National Food for Work Programme

   •Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)

•National Rural Employment Guarantee Act(NREGA)
CONCLUSION

SOME QUESTIONS FOR OUR AUDIENCE
TO ANSWER THEMSELVES:
•IS THERE AN ACTUAL GROWTH IN THE INDIAN
ECONOMY?

•IF YES, THEN WHERE DO YOU SEE INDIA AFTER A
FEW YEARS?
THANK YOU

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Indian Economic Growth

  • 1. INDIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS ABHIGYAN SHARMA ABHISHEK BISWAS ANURAG MEHRA AVLEEN KAUR ISHITA JAIN RAKESH WADHWANI
  • 2. 1. DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS 2. FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT 3. INFRASTRUCTURE 4. EMPLOYMENT 5. CONCLUSION
  • 3. • POPULATION • AGE • LIFESTYLE • GENDER • TASTE AND PREFERENCES
  • 4. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)  An investment abroad, usually where the company being invested in is controlled by the foreign corporation.
  • 5. FDI in India Industry Rate(%) Hotel & Tourism 100 Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFC) 49 Insurance Sector 26 Telecommunication 49 Trading 51 Power 100 Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 100 Roads, Highways, Ports and Harbours 100 Pollution Control and Management 100 Call Centres in India 100 Business Process Outsourcing BPO in India 100
  • 6. Issue in FDI Retail  As per the recent news, RBI norms are becoming another hurdle for FDI in India.
  • 7. Foreign Institutional Investor - FII  An investor or investment fund that is from or registered in a country outside of the one in which it is currently investing. Institutional investors include hedge funds, insurance companies, pension funds and mutual funds.  FII’s have increased over the time and they are grown rapidly in post liberalisation period. After liberalisation, our economy has been opened and most of the barriers have been dropped so as to increase foreign reserves in the country which will automatically appreciate our currency in global market.
  • 9. Health Care Year 2012 US$ 75 Billion Year 2020 US$ 280 Billion Year 2030 (ESTIMATED) US$ 726 Billion
  • 10. EDUCATION • National education budget 2011-12 ,52027 crore i.e. Usd$10.56 billion • 25% Population Is Still Illiterate • 15% of Indian students reach High school
  • 11. “INDIA WILL BE THE MOST EDUCATED COUNTRY IN THE WORLD BY 2030” -KAPIL SIBAL, MINISTER OF HRD
  • 12. INVESTMENT IN INFRASTRUCTURE Year 2012 0.7% OF GDP Year 2030 1.1% OF GDP
  • 13. • Electricity: US$167 billion • Railways: US$65 billion • Road and highways: US$92 billion • Ports: US$22 billion • Airports: US$8 billion
  • 14. INVESTMENT FROM 2012-2030 Rs 39.2 LAKH CRORE
  • 15. IMPORTANCE OF EMPLOYMENT IN ECONOMIC GROWTH
  • 16.
  • 17. IMPORTANCE OF EMPLOYMENT IN ECONOMIC GROWTH Population of India
  • 19. VARIOUS STEPS TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT •National Food for Work Programme •Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) •National Rural Employment Guarantee Act(NREGA)
  • 20. CONCLUSION SOME QUESTIONS FOR OUR AUDIENCE TO ANSWER THEMSELVES: •IS THERE AN ACTUAL GROWTH IN THE INDIAN ECONOMY? •IF YES, THEN WHERE DO YOU SEE INDIA AFTER A FEW YEARS?