The Fall of Satan


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  • With original sin, humans lost home in Paradise and must now wait ofr Jesus to come and restore humankind to its former glory.
  • Milton’s muse is the Holy Spirit, which inspired the Christian Bible, not one of the nine classical muses who reside on Mount Helicon—the “Aonian mount” of I.15 By invoking the Holy Spirit as his muse, he indicates that his epic poem will surpass other epic poetry- referring to Virgil and Homer His poem will be of more importance to humans The entire poem is from a Christian perspective- invoking the Holy Spirit is Christain Greek mythology would reside in Hell for its beilef in many gods As dose Dante in the Inferno
  • better than Virgil and Homer Virgil and Homer tell of battles- Milton writes about the most important battle to humans His poem is for all human kind; therefore, far superior
  • Milton begins Paradise Lost in the middle of things “en meda Res” Most epic poems begin this way He begins the story with Satan and Beelzebub already in hell.
  • lies banished in hell – defeated by God Needs to fins a purpose for himself and his followers Will suffer from eternal pain and suffering
  • Sees himself and God as generals of two opposing armies Says that even though he has been defeated (potent victor) by God, he will never surrender maybe indicate another revolt?? Army
  • The Fall of Satan

    1. 1. The Fall of Satan from Paradise Lost John MiltonFrom the website
    2. 2. Paradise Lost Book I• Invocation and introduction of poems theme• An account of Satans revolt and expulsion from Heaven• Dialogue between Satan and Beelzebub• The other devils rallying around Satan - the demonic host listed• Satans speech to the legions (about the creation of man)• The building of Pandemonium
    3. 3. Overview “Of Man’s first disobedience, and the fruitOf that forbidden tree, whose mortal tasteBrought death into the world, and, all our woe,With the loss of Eden, till one greater ManRestore us, and regain the blissful seat,(1-5) – refers to original sin of Adam and Eve – brought humans death for the first time
    4. 4. Overview“Sing, Heavenly Muse…That shepherd, who first taught the chosen seedIn the beginning how the Heavens and EarthRose out of Chaos…” (6-10) – not asking for tradition Greek muse – asking for Holy Spirit to inspire him as he did Moses to write the Ten Commandments and Genesis
    5. 5. Overview• His poem will be better than all other classical writings• Reason for writing – “And justify the ways of God to men” (26). • Why God permits humans to suffer and die – His poem will tell of the epic battle between God and Lucifer
    6. 6. Disobedience of Adam and Eve “Say first, for Heaven hides nothing from thy view,Nor the deep tract of Hell, say first what causeMoved our grand parents in that happy state,Favored of Heaven so highly, to fall offFrom their Creator, and transgress his willFor one restraint” (27-32). – God saw the transgression of Adam and Eve – Questions how this came about
    7. 7. Disobedience of Adam and Eve“Who first seduced them to that foul revolt?The infernal Serpent, he who was, whose guile,Stirred up with envy and revenge, deceivedThe mother of mankind, what time his prideHad cast him out from Heaven, with his hostOf rebel angels…” (33-38).• Satan corrupted God’s plan out of vengeance• God allows evil to exist in order that good may arise from it• Satan thrown out of Heaven by God• He is to blame for original sin
    8. 8. Satan• He wanted to be like God• Rebelled and was punished“To set himself in glory above his peers,He trusted to have equaled the Most High,If he opposed; and with ambitious aimAgainst the throne and monarchy of God,Raised impious was in Heaven and battle proudWith vain attempt.”(39-44)
    9. 9. Satan and Hell“Him the Almighty PowerHurled headlong flaming from the ethereal skyWith hideous ruin and combustion downTo bottomless perdition, there to dwellIn adamantine chains and penal fireWho durst defy the Omnipotent to arms” (44- 49).• Thrown out into depths of hell by God
    10. 10. Hell• Milton uses darkness and imagery to indicate the horridness of Hell – “fiery gulf (52) – “dungeon horrible” (61) – “No light, but rather darkness visible” (63) – “discover sights of woe” (64)
    11. 11. Hell“Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peaceAnd rest can never dwell, hope never comesThat comes to all; but torture without endStill urges…Such place Eternal Justice had preparedFor those rebellious, here their prison ordainedIn utter darkness, and their portion setAs far removed from God and the light of Heaven” (65-73).• Physical torment- fiery yet dark• Physiological pain – “doom” “Lost happiness” “dismay”• Eternal punishment• Light and dark imagery
    12. 12. Beelzebub“He soon discerns, and weltering by his sideOne next himself in power, and next in crime,Long after known in Palestine, and namedBeelzebub” (78-81).• Second in power under Satan
    13. 13. Satan• Bemoans their place in Hell“’If thou beest he- but O how fallen! How changedFrom him, who in the happy realm of lightClothed with transcendent brightness didst outshineMyriads though bright- if he whom mutual league,United thoughts and counsels, equal hopeAnd hazard in the glorious enterprise,Joined with me once, now misery hath joinedIn equal ruin: into what pit thou seestFrom what height fallen!” (84-91)• Tells Beelzebub he has been transformed for the worse by God’s punishment• Mourns heaven when he sees the state of Beelzebub• Does not repent for his rebellion
    14. 14. Satan“…so much the stronger provedHe with his thunder; and till then who knewThe force of those of those dire arms?” (92-94).• Did not realize the strength and power of God
    15. 15. Satan• Sees himself as the enemy of God“Yet not for those,Nor what the potent Victor in his rageCan else inflict, do I repent or change,” (95-97).“Innumerable forces”Two “powers”Engage in “dubious battle”Heaven as a “lost field”God is Satan’s “lost foe”“eternal war” (93-124)• Presents them as his army• Diction represents war
    16. 16. Satan“the unconquerable will,And study of revenge, immortal hate,And courage never to submit or yield:And what is else not to be overcome?” (106-109)• Driving force for Satan• God was upset by the battle- he was uncertain about the outcome
    17. 17. Satan• Will continue was for eternity“since by fate the strength of godsAnd this emerged substance cannot fail,Since through experience of this great event,In arms not worse, in foresight much advanced,We may with more successful hope resolveTo wage by force or guile eternal warIrreconcilable to our grand Foe,Who now triumphs, and in the excess of joy,Sole reigning holds the tyranny of Heaven.” (116-124)
    18. 18. Satan• Will wage war against God’s tyranny• God in heaven rejoicing• Take action once again
    19. 19. Beelzebub’s Response“That with sad overthrow and foul defeatHath lost us Heaven, and all this mighty hostIn horrible destruction laid thus low,As far as gods and heavenly essencesCan perish…/Here swallowed up up in endless misery.”(135-142).
    20. 20. Beelzebubs Response• Doubtful• Can we overpower God and his supremacy?• Realizes the horridness of their situation
    21. 21. Beelzebubs Response“That we may so suffice his vengeful ire,Or do him mightier service as his thrallsBy right of war, whate’er his business be,Here in the heart of Hell to work in fire,Or do his errands in the gloomy deep?What can it then avail, though yet we feelStrength undiminished, or eternal beingTO undergo eternal punishment?” (148-155).
    22. 22. Beelzebub’s Response• Questions if they are still slaves of God’s• Their punishment in hell is to do God’s bidding in hell
    23. 23. Satan’s Response• “to be weak is miserable” (157)• “To do aught good never will be our task,But ever to do ill our sole delightAs being the contrary to his high willWhom we resist” (158-162). – Only commit deeds of evil – God cannot control that – His evil will equal God’s goodness
    24. 24. Satan’s Response“Seest thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild,The seat of desolation, void of light,Save what the glimmering of these livid flamesCasts pale and dreadful?” (180-183)• Satan’s perspective of Hell• He realizes the horror of it and is repelled by it
    25. 25. Satan’s Response“And reassembling our afflicted powers,Consult how we may henceforth most offendOur Enemy, our own loss how repair,How overcome this dire calamity,What reinforcement we may gain from hope,If not, what resolution from despair.” (186-191)• Satan’s plan of action• Seek vengeance for the offence
    26. 26. Satan“Prone on the flood, extended long and large,Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as hugeAs whom the fables name of monstrous size,Titanian or Earth-born, that warred on Jove,Briareos or Typhon whom led the denBy ancient Tarus held, or that sea-beastLeviathan, which God od all his worksCreated hugest that swim the ocean stream.” (195-202)• Indicates the hugeness and vastness of Satan• Compared to Titans and giants from Greek Mythology
    27. 27. Satan“…this is the seatThat we must change for Heaven, this mournful gloomFor that celestial light? Be it so, since heWho now is sovereign can dispose and bidWhat shall be right: farthest from him is best,Whom reason hath equaled, force hath made supremeAbove his equals.” (243-249)• Accepts his new placement and wants to reign sovereign• Happy to have his own kingdom to rule• Proves he is God’s equal• Pride• “Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven” (263)• Eager to rally his forces- needs support to rebel against God
    28. 28. Epic Simile• Something in the poem is compared to something quite outside the poem – Compares Satan to Titans and Greeks from mythology (196-208) – Compares his landing to smashing of a hill or volcano which create an explosive force (230-237)