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The Fall of Satan
   from Paradise Lost
          John Milton
From the www.mpsaz.org website
Paradise Lost
                 Book I
• Invocation and introduction of poem's theme
• An account of Satan's revolt and expulsion from
  Heaven
• Dialogue between Satan and Beelzebub
• The other devils' rallying around Satan - the
  demonic host listed
• Satan's speech to the legions (about the
  creation of man)
• The building of Pandemonium
Overview
  “Of Man’s first disobedience, and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste
Brought death into the world, and, all our woe,
With the loss of Eden, till one greater Man
Restore us, and regain the blissful seat,(1-5)
  – refers to original sin of Adam and Eve
  – brought humans death for the first time
Overview
“Sing, Heavenly Muse…
That shepherd, who first taught the chosen seed
In the beginning how the Heavens and Earth
Rose out of Chaos…” (6-10)
  – not asking for tradition Greek muse
  – asking for Holy Spirit to inspire him as he did
   Moses to write the Ten Commandments and
   Genesis
Overview
• His poem will be better than all other
  classical writings
• Reason for writing
  – “And justify the ways of God to men” (26).
     • Why God permits humans to suffer and die
  – His poem will tell of the epic battle between
    God and Lucifer
Disobedience of Adam and Eve
  “Say first, for Heaven hides nothing from thy view,
Nor the deep tract of Hell, say first what cause
Moved our grand parents in that happy state,
Favored of Heaven so highly, to fall off
From their Creator, and transgress his will
For one restraint” (27-32).
  – God saw the transgression of Adam and Eve
  – Questions how this came about
Disobedience of Adam and Eve
“Who first seduced them to that foul revolt?
The infernal Serpent, he who was, whose guile,
Stirred up with envy and revenge, deceived
The mother of mankind, what time his pride
Had cast him out from Heaven, with his host
Of rebel angels…” (33-38).

•   Satan corrupted God’s plan out of vengeance
•   God allows evil to exist in order that good may arise from it
•   Satan thrown out of Heaven by God
•   He is to blame for original sin
Satan
• He wanted to be like God
• Rebelled and was punished

“To set himself in glory above his peers,
He trusted to have equaled the Most High,
If he opposed; and with ambitious aim
Against the throne and monarchy of God,
Raised impious was in Heaven and battle proud
With vain attempt.”(39-44)
Satan and Hell
“Him the Almighty Power
Hurled headlong flaming from the ethereal sky
With hideous ruin and combustion down
To bottomless perdition, there to dwell
In adamantine chains and penal fire
Who durst defy the Omnipotent to arms” (44- 49).
• Thrown out into depths of hell by God
Hell

• Milton uses darkness and imagery to
  indicate the horridness of Hell
  – “fiery gulf (52)
  – “dungeon horrible” (61)
  – “No light, but rather darkness visible” (63)
  – “discover sights of woe” (64)
Hell
“Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace
And rest can never dwell, hope never comes
That comes to all; but torture without end
Still urges…
Such place Eternal Justice had prepared
For those rebellious, here their prison ordained
In utter darkness, and their portion set
As far removed from God and the light of Heaven” (65-73).

• Physical torment- fiery yet dark
• Physiological pain
   – “doom” “Lost happiness” “dismay”
• Eternal punishment
• Light and dark imagery
Beelzebub
“He soon discerns, and weltering by his side
One next himself in power, and next in crime,
Long after known in Palestine, and named
Beelzebub” (78-81).

• Second in power under Satan
Satan
• Bemoans their place in Hell

“’If thou beest he- but O how fallen! How changed
From him, who in the happy realm of light
Clothed with transcendent brightness didst outshine
Myriads though bright- if he whom mutual league,
United thoughts and counsels, equal hope
And hazard in the glorious enterprise,
Joined with me once, now misery hath joined
In equal ruin: into what pit thou seest
From what height fallen!” (84-91)

• Tells Beelzebub he has been transformed for the worse by
  God’s punishment
• Mourns heaven when he sees the state of Beelzebub
• Does not repent for his rebellion
Satan
“…so much the stronger proved
He with his thunder; and till then who knew
The force of those of those dire arms?” (92-94).

• Did not realize the strength and power of God
Satan
• Sees himself as the enemy of God

“Yet not for those,
Nor what the potent Victor in his rage
Can else inflict, do I repent or change,” (95-97).

“Innumerable forces”
Two “powers”
Engage in “dubious battle”
Heaven as a “lost field”
God is Satan’s “lost foe”
“eternal war” (93-124)

• Presents them as his army
• Diction represents war
Satan
“the unconquerable will,
And study of revenge, immortal hate,
And courage never to submit or yield:
And what is else not to be overcome?” (106-109)

• Driving force for Satan
• God was upset by the battle- he was uncertain
  about the outcome
Satan
• Will continue was for eternity

“since by fate the strength of gods
And this emerged substance cannot fail,
Since through experience of this great event,
In arms not worse, in foresight much advanced,
We may with more successful hope resolve
To wage by force or guile eternal war
Irreconcilable to our grand Foe,
Who now triumphs, and in the excess of joy,
Sole reigning holds the tyranny of Heaven.” (116-124)
Satan
• Will wage war against God’s tyranny
• God in heaven rejoicing
• Take action once again
Beelzebub’s Response
“That with sad overthrow and foul defeat
Hath lost us Heaven, and all this mighty host
In horrible destruction laid thus low,
As far as gods and heavenly essences
Can perish…/
Here swallowed up up in endless misery.”
(135-142).
Beelzebub's Response
• Doubtful
• Can we overpower God and his
  supremacy?
• Realizes the horridness of their situation
Beelzebub's Response
“That we may so suffice his vengeful ire,
Or do him mightier service as his thralls
By right of war, whate’er his business be,
Here in the heart of Hell to work in fire,
Or do his errands in the gloomy deep?
What can it then avail, though yet we feel
Strength undiminished, or eternal being
TO undergo eternal punishment?” (148-155).
Beelzebub’s Response
• Questions if they are still slaves of God’s
• Their punishment in hell is to do God’s
  bidding in hell
Satan’s Response
• “to be weak is miserable” (157)
• “To do aught good never will be our task,
But ever to do ill our sole delight
As being the contrary to his high will
Whom we resist” (158-162).

  – Only commit deeds of evil
  – God cannot control that
  – His evil will equal God’s goodness
Satan’s Response
“Seest thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild,
The seat of desolation, void of light,
Save what the glimmering of these livid flames
Casts pale and dreadful?” (180-183)

• Satan’s perspective of Hell
• He realizes the horror of it and is repelled by
  it
Satan’s Response
“And reassembling our afflicted powers,
Consult how we may henceforth most offend
Our Enemy, our own loss how repair,
How overcome this dire calamity,
What reinforcement we may gain from hope,
If not, what resolution from despair.” (186-191)

• Satan’s plan of action
• Seek vengeance for the offence
Satan
“Prone on the flood, extended long and large,
Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge
As whom the fables name of monstrous size,
Titanian or Earth-born, that warred on Jove,
Briareos or Typhon whom led the den
By ancient Tarus held, or that sea-beast
Leviathan, which God od all his works
Created hugest that swim the ocean stream.” (195-202)

• Indicates the hugeness and vastness of Satan
• Compared to Titans and giants from Greek Mythology
Satan
“…this is the seat
That we must change for Heaven, this mournful gloom
For that celestial light? Be it so, since he
Who now is sovereign can dispose and bid
What shall be right: farthest from him is best,
Whom reason hath equaled, force hath made supreme
Above his equals.” (243-249)

•   Accepts his new placement and wants to reign sovereign
•   Happy to have his own kingdom to rule
•   Proves he is God’s equal
•   Pride
•   “Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven” (263)
•   Eager to rally his forces- needs support to rebel against God
Epic Simile
• Something in the poem is compared to
  something quite outside the poem
  – Compares Satan to Titans and Greeks from
    mythology (196-208)
  – Compares his landing to smashing of a hill or
    volcano which create an explosive force
    (230-237)

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The Fall of Satan

  • 1. The Fall of Satan from Paradise Lost John Milton From the www.mpsaz.org website
  • 2. Paradise Lost Book I • Invocation and introduction of poem's theme • An account of Satan's revolt and expulsion from Heaven • Dialogue between Satan and Beelzebub • The other devils' rallying around Satan - the demonic host listed • Satan's speech to the legions (about the creation of man) • The building of Pandemonium
  • 3. Overview “Of Man’s first disobedience, and the fruit Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste Brought death into the world, and, all our woe, With the loss of Eden, till one greater Man Restore us, and regain the blissful seat,(1-5) – refers to original sin of Adam and Eve – brought humans death for the first time
  • 4. Overview “Sing, Heavenly Muse… That shepherd, who first taught the chosen seed In the beginning how the Heavens and Earth Rose out of Chaos…” (6-10) – not asking for tradition Greek muse – asking for Holy Spirit to inspire him as he did Moses to write the Ten Commandments and Genesis
  • 5. Overview • His poem will be better than all other classical writings • Reason for writing – “And justify the ways of God to men” (26). • Why God permits humans to suffer and die – His poem will tell of the epic battle between God and Lucifer
  • 6. Disobedience of Adam and Eve “Say first, for Heaven hides nothing from thy view, Nor the deep tract of Hell, say first what cause Moved our grand parents in that happy state, Favored of Heaven so highly, to fall off From their Creator, and transgress his will For one restraint” (27-32). – God saw the transgression of Adam and Eve – Questions how this came about
  • 7. Disobedience of Adam and Eve “Who first seduced them to that foul revolt? The infernal Serpent, he who was, whose guile, Stirred up with envy and revenge, deceived The mother of mankind, what time his pride Had cast him out from Heaven, with his host Of rebel angels…” (33-38). • Satan corrupted God’s plan out of vengeance • God allows evil to exist in order that good may arise from it • Satan thrown out of Heaven by God • He is to blame for original sin
  • 8. Satan • He wanted to be like God • Rebelled and was punished “To set himself in glory above his peers, He trusted to have equaled the Most High, If he opposed; and with ambitious aim Against the throne and monarchy of God, Raised impious was in Heaven and battle proud With vain attempt.”(39-44)
  • 9. Satan and Hell “Him the Almighty Power Hurled headlong flaming from the ethereal sky With hideous ruin and combustion down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell In adamantine chains and penal fire Who durst defy the Omnipotent to arms” (44- 49). • Thrown out into depths of hell by God
  • 10. Hell • Milton uses darkness and imagery to indicate the horridness of Hell – “fiery gulf (52) – “dungeon horrible” (61) – “No light, but rather darkness visible” (63) – “discover sights of woe” (64)
  • 11. Hell “Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace And rest can never dwell, hope never comes That comes to all; but torture without end Still urges… Such place Eternal Justice had prepared For those rebellious, here their prison ordained In utter darkness, and their portion set As far removed from God and the light of Heaven” (65-73). • Physical torment- fiery yet dark • Physiological pain – “doom” “Lost happiness” “dismay” • Eternal punishment • Light and dark imagery
  • 12. Beelzebub “He soon discerns, and weltering by his side One next himself in power, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and named Beelzebub” (78-81). • Second in power under Satan
  • 13. Satan • Bemoans their place in Hell “’If thou beest he- but O how fallen! How changed From him, who in the happy realm of light Clothed with transcendent brightness didst outshine Myriads though bright- if he whom mutual league, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the glorious enterprise, Joined with me once, now misery hath joined In equal ruin: into what pit thou seest From what height fallen!” (84-91) • Tells Beelzebub he has been transformed for the worse by God’s punishment • Mourns heaven when he sees the state of Beelzebub • Does not repent for his rebellion
  • 14. Satan “…so much the stronger proved He with his thunder; and till then who knew The force of those of those dire arms?” (92-94). • Did not realize the strength and power of God
  • 15. Satan • Sees himself as the enemy of God “Yet not for those, Nor what the potent Victor in his rage Can else inflict, do I repent or change,” (95-97). “Innumerable forces” Two “powers” Engage in “dubious battle” Heaven as a “lost field” God is Satan’s “lost foe” “eternal war” (93-124) • Presents them as his army • Diction represents war
  • 16. Satan “the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield: And what is else not to be overcome?” (106-109) • Driving force for Satan • God was upset by the battle- he was uncertain about the outcome
  • 17. Satan • Will continue was for eternity “since by fate the strength of gods And this emerged substance cannot fail, Since through experience of this great event, In arms not worse, in foresight much advanced, We may with more successful hope resolve To wage by force or guile eternal war Irreconcilable to our grand Foe, Who now triumphs, and in the excess of joy, Sole reigning holds the tyranny of Heaven.” (116-124)
  • 18. Satan • Will wage war against God’s tyranny • God in heaven rejoicing • Take action once again
  • 19. Beelzebub’s Response “That with sad overthrow and foul defeat Hath lost us Heaven, and all this mighty host In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as gods and heavenly essences Can perish…/ Here swallowed up up in endless misery.” (135-142).
  • 20. Beelzebub's Response • Doubtful • Can we overpower God and his supremacy? • Realizes the horridness of their situation
  • 21. Beelzebub's Response “That we may so suffice his vengeful ire, Or do him mightier service as his thralls By right of war, whate’er his business be, Here in the heart of Hell to work in fire, Or do his errands in the gloomy deep? What can it then avail, though yet we feel Strength undiminished, or eternal being TO undergo eternal punishment?” (148-155).
  • 22. Beelzebub’s Response • Questions if they are still slaves of God’s • Their punishment in hell is to do God’s bidding in hell
  • 23. Satan’s Response • “to be weak is miserable” (157) • “To do aught good never will be our task, But ever to do ill our sole delight As being the contrary to his high will Whom we resist” (158-162). – Only commit deeds of evil – God cannot control that – His evil will equal God’s goodness
  • 24. Satan’s Response “Seest thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild, The seat of desolation, void of light, Save what the glimmering of these livid flames Casts pale and dreadful?” (180-183) • Satan’s perspective of Hell • He realizes the horror of it and is repelled by it
  • 25. Satan’s Response “And reassembling our afflicted powers, Consult how we may henceforth most offend Our Enemy, our own loss how repair, How overcome this dire calamity, What reinforcement we may gain from hope, If not, what resolution from despair.” (186-191) • Satan’s plan of action • Seek vengeance for the offence
  • 26. Satan “Prone on the flood, extended long and large, Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge As whom the fables name of monstrous size, Titanian or Earth-born, that warred on Jove, Briareos or Typhon whom led the den By ancient Tarus held, or that sea-beast Leviathan, which God od all his works Created hugest that swim the ocean stream.” (195-202) • Indicates the hugeness and vastness of Satan • Compared to Titans and giants from Greek Mythology
  • 27. Satan “…this is the seat That we must change for Heaven, this mournful gloom For that celestial light? Be it so, since he Who now is sovereign can dispose and bid What shall be right: farthest from him is best, Whom reason hath equaled, force hath made supreme Above his equals.” (243-249) • Accepts his new placement and wants to reign sovereign • Happy to have his own kingdom to rule • Proves he is God’s equal • Pride • “Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven” (263) • Eager to rally his forces- needs support to rebel against God
  • 28. Epic Simile • Something in the poem is compared to something quite outside the poem – Compares Satan to Titans and Greeks from mythology (196-208) – Compares his landing to smashing of a hill or volcano which create an explosive force (230-237)

Editor's Notes

  1. With original sin, humans lost home in Paradise and must now wait ofr Jesus to come and restore humankind to its former glory.
  2. Milton’s muse is the Holy Spirit, which inspired the Christian Bible, not one of the nine classical muses who reside on Mount Helicon—the “Aonian mount” of I.15 By invoking the Holy Spirit as his muse, he indicates that his epic poem will surpass other epic poetry- referring to Virgil and Homer His poem will be of more importance to humans The entire poem is from a Christian perspective- invoking the Holy Spirit is Christain Greek mythology would reside in Hell for its beilef in many gods As dose Dante in the Inferno
  3. better than Virgil and Homer Virgil and Homer tell of battles- Milton writes about the most important battle to humans His poem is for all human kind; therefore, far superior
  4. Milton begins Paradise Lost in the middle of things “en meda Res” Most epic poems begin this way He begins the story with Satan and Beelzebub already in hell.
  5. lies banished in hell – defeated by God Needs to fins a purpose for himself and his followers Will suffer from eternal pain and suffering
  6. Sees himself and God as generals of two opposing armies Says that even though he has been defeated (potent victor) by God, he will never surrender maybe indicate another revolt?? Army