e0308

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e0308

  1. 1. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences A group of words containing a subject and a verb and expressing a complete thought is called a sentence or an independent clause . www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  2. 2. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Sometimes, an independent clause stands alone as a sentence, and sometimes two independent clauses are linked together into what is called a compound sentence. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  3. 3. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Depending on the circumstances, one of two different punctuation marks can be used between the independent clauses in a compound sentence: a comma or a semicolon . The choice is yours. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  4. 4. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Comma (,) Use a comma after the first independent clause when you link two independent clauses with one of the following coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  5. 5. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Comma (,) For example: I am going home, and I intend to stay there. It rained heavily during the afternoon, but we managed to have our picnic anyway. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  6. 6. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Comma (,) For example: They couldn't make it to the summit and back before dark, so they decided to camp for the night. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  7. 7. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Semicolon (;) Use a semicolon when you link two independent clauses with no connecting words. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  8. 8. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Semicolon (;) For example : I am going home; I intend to stay there. It rained heavily during the afternoon; we managed to have our picnic anyway. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  9. 9. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Semicolon (;) For example : They couldn't make it to the summit and back before dark; they decided to camp for the night. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  10. 10. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Semicolon (;) You can also use a semicolon when you join two independent clauses together with one of the following conjunctive adverbs (adverbs that join independent clauses): however, moreover, therefore, consequently, otherwise, nevertheless, thus, etc. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  11. 11. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Semicolon (;) For example: I am going home; moreover, I intend to stay there. It rained heavily during the afternoon; however, we managed to have our picnic anyway. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  12. 12. English Item 03-08 Commas vs. Semicolons in Compound Sentences Semicolon (;) For example: They couldn't make it to the summit and back before dark; therefore, they decided to camp for the night. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  13. 13. English Item 03-08 Semicolons vs. Colons in Compound Sentences Semicolon (;) In addition to using a semicolon to join related independent clauses in compound sentences, you can use a semicolon to separate items in a series if the elements of the series already include commas. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  14. 14. English Item 03-08 Semicolons vs. Colons in Compound Sentences Semicolon (;) For example: Members of the band include Harold Rostein, clarinetist; Tony Aluppo, tuba player; and Lee Jefferson, trumpeter. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  15. 15. English Item 03-08 Semicolons vs. Colons in Compound Sentences Colon ( : ) Use a colon in the following situations: a) after a complete statement in order to introduce one or more directly related ideas, such as a series of directions, a list, or a quotation or other comment illustrating or explaining the statement. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  16. 16. English Item 03-08 Semicolons vs. Colons in Compound Sentences Colon ( : ) Use a colon in the following situations: Example: The daily newspaper contains four sections: news, sports, entertainment, and classified ads. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  17. 17. English Item 03-08 Semicolons vs. Colons in Compound Sentences Colon ( : ) Use a colon in the following situations: b) in a business letter greeting. Example: Dear Ms. Winstead: www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  18. 18. English Item 03-08 Semicolons vs. Colons in Compound Sentences Colon ( : ) Use a colon in the following situations: c) between the hour and minutes in time notation. Example: 5:30 p.m. www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  19. 19. English Item 03-08 Semicolons vs. Colons in Compound Sentences Colon ( : ) Use a colon in the following situations: d) between chapter and verse in biblical references. Example: Genesis 1:18 www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL)
  20. 20. English Item 03-08 Semicolons vs. Colons in Compound Sentences www.upcatreview.com Source: Online Writing Lab (OWL) Should be a semicolon (;)

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