Revision Scripture


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Revision Scripture

  1. 1. Scriptures
  2. 2. Think: Think of something very special – how do you treat it? Think of something holy – how do you treat it?
  3. 3. Which of these books are special/ holy? The Bible The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell The Story of Philosophy by Bryan Magee The Qur’an Noddy and Treasure Trail by Enid Blyton The Third Twin by Ken Follet The Universe in a Nutshell by Stephen Hawking Consider: • Is ‘The Third Twin’ special too you? Why is it special? • Is the ‘Bible’ holy to everyone? • What is the difference between holy and special? • What does it mean to be holy? Who decides? • How does something become holy?
  4. 4. An important Skill time! • Think of something you did over the Christmas holidays (that you can share with the rest of the class!) • What • When • Where • Who • How • Why • These are the 6 essential points you must always mention in an exam. • Try apply these pointers to Scripture e.g. What is the Scripture, What is the religion?
  5. 5. What, When, Where, Who, How, Why e.g. How was it revealed? Who was it revealed to? How does it describe God/Gods? Why was it created? How important is scripture? Why do people read it? What are the key teachings? When was it revealed? How long did it take to write down? When was it written down? Where did this all take place? How many scriptures are there? What is the hierarchical structure of Scriptures(if there is one?)
  6. 6. Revelation: (Latin ‘revelare’- ‘to unveil’) is when God is revealed to the world. ‘Propositional revelation’ • God directly revealing truths about his nature to his people. E.g Ten commandments • They are statements of facts. • Without error or need of interpretation. • Thomas Aquinas (Summa Theolgica) Propositional revelations are truths revealed by God but they are not verified using human reason. ‘Non propositional revelation’ •God does not reveal truths to people •God is recognised by believers through exploring our history and human experience. E.g artwork, nature, William Paley's eye
  7. 7. Note: Believers in propositional revelation i.e. Thomas Aquinas do not reject the use of reason. (brainwashed zombies) Instead God's revelations are not provable by human reason but God can be revealed through using reason in the world. A good example of this are the arguments for the existence of God – cosmological, teleological.
  8. 8. A) Vision B) Miraculous healing C) Recovering from having cancer D) Having a baby E) Feeling God is with you F) Admiring beauty of nature G) Having a near death experience H) Winning the lottery I) Passing your examinations J) understanding mathematics K) Becoming fluent in a foreign language L) Reading the Bible M) Having an out of this world experience N) Going to church O) Praying Task: write these into propositional (divine closure – God is revealing himself) and non propositional (God’s nature is revealed) groups. Consider: What happens if you fail your exams, is this also a sign from God? What about natural disasters, is God also revealing himself?
  9. 9. Literalist Interpretations • Unless a passage specifically states it is symbolic, scriptural passages are read as factual, historical accounts • E.g. The Creation stories in Genesis • Literalists cannot disregard any passage of the Bible •Everyone from within a denomination which takes this approach is expected to take literal interpretation and follow it in their lives •Scripture is the direct word of God •Clearly, this is a propositional view
  10. 10. Conservative Interpretations • Most Protestant Christians are not so fundamental in approach • Believe God inspired Bible • Has the authority as the message is directly from God •There may be errors in scripture because writers were human & influenced by society in which they lived •This allows for changes in society •It allows for individual rather than community interpretation of passages •A non-propositional approach as it is the messages, not the actual words that are focused on
  11. 11. Liberal Interpretations • The scripture records the experiences of people seriously seeking to find God • Words are those of writers and influenced by their lives and society in which they lived • Not directly inspired by God • Bible therefore doesn’t have same position of authority •Free to reject passages that no longer seem relevant for today •Duty of individual Christians to decide which sections are appropriate to their lives •Inconsistencies not a problem •Steers away from the propositional/ non-propositional debate altogether •Because not how scripture came that matters, but how it is used in people’s lives.
  12. 12. Problems: Verbal Divine Inspiration – every word from God 1. Bible’s teachings may appear harsh to modern readers 2. Teachings go against modern laws. 3. Can the Bible be disobeyed? Disobeying any instruction in the Bible would be a rejection of God’s revealed commands. 4. The meaning of the Genesis story is much disputed amongst Christians. 5. Contradictions within the text? If it is divinely inspired by God then this leaves no room for error. 6. What is the exact nature of the revelations/ instructions isn't this open to interpretation? 7. Some of the passages found within the Bible conflict with many Christians’ views today. E.g. St. Paul’s statements about women.
  13. 13. • Look at Brick testament • Write three examples and explain the ethical issues that would arise in modern society. • What would the world be like if all these laws were obeyed? • How do you think a Christian would deal with the dilemma of accepting/ not accepting these biblical passages. • Where is the line drawn between laws to accept and laws not to accept? What are these decisions based on (society laws?)
  14. 14. Criticisms of Propositional Revelation. Are there any problems in believing that God directly reveals himself through propositional Revelation? Are there any strengths? Criticisms of Non–Propositional Revelation. What are the strengths and weaknesses of non propositional revelation?
  15. 15. HTTPS://ITHINKTHEREFOREITEA If you would like further information please follow the link below to my blog: