Successfully reported this slideshow.

le gouvernement économique for the EU: much ado about what?

1,067 views

Published on

this is my presentation for Prof.Chang course at the College of Europe.
the views expressed are the full responsibility
of the author alone and do not engage the College of Europe.
les éléments contenus dans cette présentation n’engagent que son auteur et ne peuvent en aucune façon etre attribués au College d’Europe

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

le gouvernement économique for the EU: much ado about what?

  1. 1. Legouvernement économique <br />for the EU: <br />much ado about what?<br />Anna Dekalchuk,<br />March, the 26th<br />
  2. 2. OUTLINE<br />le gouvernement économique: the French vision<br />negotiating the EMU: which place for a g.é.?<br />the Maastricht architecture and its defects<br />current debate and current meaning of a g.é.<br />
  3. 3. le gouvernement économique: the French vision<br />“The French have traditionally used the words "European economic government" to mean something like: politicians being allowed to bully the European Central Bank about exсhange rate policies, and to flout deficit rules if their countries are large, broadly hexagonal in shape, and are known for fine wine and cheeses”<br />(The Economist, Charlemagne’s notebook, ‘10)<br />
  4. 4. le gouvernement économique: the French vision<br />3<br />2<br />4<br />1<br />This concept has been manipulated to cover:<br />economic policy co-ordination with other member state governments and with the ECB to achieve an ‘appropriate’ policy mix;<br />a more energetic EU-level interventionism designed to stimulate economic growth and create jobs;<br />the reinforcement of EMU’s credibility and legitimacy;<br />an explicit challenge to the ECB’s goals and goal-setting and operational independence.<br />(Howarth, ‘07: 1062)<br />
  5. 5. negotiating the EMU: which place for a g.é.?<br />an economic government could contribute trough: <br />1.<br />speaking with one voice externally<br />2.<br />coordinating economic policies<br />3.<br />conducting exchange rate policy<br />(Pisani-Ferry, ‘06: 826)<br />
  6. 6. negotiating the EMU: which place for a g.é.?<br />“In the economic fielda wide range of decisions would remain the preserve of national and regional authorities. However, given their potential impact on the overall domestic and external economic situation of the Community and their implications for the conduct of a common monetary policy, such decisions would have to be placed within an agreed macroeconomic framework and be subject to binding procedures and rules. <br />This would permit (1)the determination of an overall policy stance for the Community as a whole, (2)avoid unsustainable differences between individual member countries in public sector borrowing requirements and (3)place binding constraints on the size and the financing of budget deficits”<br /> (Report on economic and monetary union in the European Community, ‘89: 18)<br />
  7. 7. negotiating the EMU: which place for a g.é.?<br />Macro-coordination of fiscal policies in an EMU in Europe,<br />1989<br />“The combinationof a small Community budget with large, independently determined national budgets leads to the conclusion that, in the absence of fiscal co-ordination, the global fiscal policy of the EMU would be the accidental outcome of decisions taken by Member States. There would simply be no Community-wide macroeconomic fiscal policy”<br />
  8. 8. negotiating the EMU: which place for a g.é.?<br />Macro-coordination of fiscal policies in an EMU in Europe,<br />1989<br />Therefore “fiscal policy co-ordination would appear to be a vital element of a European EMU and of the process towards it. Appropriate arrangements should therefore be put in place which would allow the gradual emergence, and the full operation once the EMU is completed, of a Community-wide fiscal policy. Such arrangements should also aim at avoiding disruptive differences between the public sector borrowing requirements of individualmember countries”<br />
  9. 9. negotiating the EMU: which place for a g.é.?<br />Art.111: “the Council may formulate general orientations for exchange-rate policy… these general orientations shall be without prejudice to the primary objective of the ESCB to maintain price stability” <br />and<br />Eurogroup, ‘97<br />Luxembourg European Council, ‘97<br />(Begg, Hodson, Maher, ‘03: 71)<br />
  10. 10. the Maastricht architecture and its inborn defects<br />Spain is disciplined<br />(Krugman, ‘10)<br />
  11. 11. the Maastricht architecture and its inborn defects<br />check out the inflation<br />(Krugman, ‘10)<br />
  12. 12. the Maastricht architecture and its inborn defects<br />that doesn’t mean that Germans are evil, though<br />(Krugman, ‘10)<br />
  13. 13. the Maastricht architecture and its inborn defects<br />neither are Dutch<br />(IMF, 2009 World Economic Outlook)<br />
  14. 14. current debate and current meaning of a g.é.<br />EUROPEAN COUNCIL, February, the 11th<br />A.Merkel: “The EU needs to better coordinate … We [the European Council] are presenting ourselves as an economic government of 27 countries”<br />? Il existe désormais un consensus historique entre l’Allemagne et la France sur la voie à suivre ?<br />(F.Fillon, ‘10: 9)<br />
  15. 15. current debate and current meaning of a g.é.<br />GERMANY<br />and a g.é.<br />EU 2020 withlargerteeth?<br />European Monetary Fund<br /> with the Treaty change?<br />stronger fiscal discipline!<br />
  16. 16. current debate and current meaning of a g.é.<br />Werner plan, 1970<br />“The margins within which the main budget aggregates must be held both for the annual budget and the multi-year projections will be decided at the Community level, taking account of the economic situation and the particular structural features of each country. A fundamental element will be the determination of variations in the volume of budgets, the size of the balance and the methods of financing deficits or utilizing any surpluses. In order to be able to influence the short term economic trend rapidly and effectively it will be useful to have at the national level budgetary and fiscal instruments that can be handled in accordance with Community directives”<br />(Werner plan, ‘70: 11)<br />
  17. 17. to discuss<br />why do Germans still speak about fiscal discipline?<br />is fiscal union possible to appear during this crisis?<br />

×