Winter 2006 Minnesota Plant Press


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Winter 2006 Minnesota Plant Press

  1. 1. Minnesota Plant Press The Minnesota Native Plant Society NewsletterVolume 25 Number 2 Winter 2006 Monthly meetings Scientific and Natural Area Spotlight Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Center, 3815 American Blvd. East Bloomington, MN 55425-1600 Pine Bend Bluffs 952-854-5900 By Karen Schik As the Mississippi River flows toward the Gulf of Mexico, it makes 6:30 p.m. — Building east door opens 6:30 p.m. — Refreshments, a sharp bend to the east some eight miles downstream from the City information, Room A of Saint Paul. This unique area, named Pine Bend Bluffs by early 7 – 9 p.m — Program, society business white settlers for the many white pines that grew in this area, remains 7:30 p.m. — Building door is locked a natural jewel nestled along the river in a rapidly developing portion 9:00 p.m. — Building closes of Dakota County. In the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, a place of Programs explosive development and urban expansion that continually eats away The MN NPS meets the first Thursday at the few remaining natural areas, it may seem surprising that largein October, November, December, tracts of high quality natural areas still exist. A few such gems doFebruary, March, April, May, and June. remain, and there are several organizations that work together to obtainCheck the Web site for more program permanent protection for them.information. Feb. 2: “Jaws: Carnivorous plants Pine Bend Scientific and Natural Area was officially dedicated innative to Minnesota,” by Jason Husveth, May 2004. It was the result of many years of work and collaborativeCritical Connections Ecological Services. effort between Friends of the Mississippi River (FMR), the Trust forPlant of the Month to be announced. Public Land (TPL), and the Department of Natural Resources (DNR). The existing SNA was owned by several different private parties, so March 2: “A Match Made in Humus? the fact that it all came together as one piece of land was extremelyThe connection between bolete fortunate.mushrooms and the roots of trees inMinnesota,” by Bryn Dentinger, graduate Tens of thousands of years ago, when the last of the glaciers werestudent, University of Minnesota. Plant receding, the meltwater formed the Glacial River Warren, whichof the Month. Annual meeting, election carved the current river valley. The vestiges of this mighty river, theof three board members. Mississippi, meandered uninterrupted through islands and channels April 6: “Site and Restoration History on its way to the Gulf. In the 1930s, with the construction of a seriesof the Twin City Army Ammunition of locks and dams, the nature of the river was changed — and with itPlant,” by Wade Hammer, wetland the valley landscape was dramatically altered. However, the steep,ecologist with Svoboda Ecological wooded Pine Bend Bluffs have remained largely in their natural state.Resources. Today these 200-foot bluffs, April 22: Symposium, St. Olaf College. dissected by numerous ravines, are In this issue home to many native plant and Treasurer’s report..................2MN NPS Web site animal communities. The steep, Symposium, field south-facing slopes, with their gravelly soils, are hot and dry and Mississippi Gorge Park.........4e-mail: contain prairie remnants, dry oak July patterned peatland trip...5MN NPS Listserve Nursery law changes.............6 Send a message that includes the word forest, and oak woodland. The cooler, moister north-facing slopes Field guide review.................7“subscribe” or “unsubscribe” and your Dutchman’s Breeches (Plantname in the body of the message to: contain mesic oak forest and white Lore) Continued on page 3
  2. 2. Treasurer’s report for 2005 MN NPS BoardAssets Checking Dec. 31, 2005 $14,900.44 Cash flow Jan. 1 - Dec. 31 Income of Directors Flora ID CDs 0.00 Insurance refund 4.00 President: Jason Husveth,14758 Refuge project 38.92 Ostlund Tr. N, Marine on St. Croix, Book sales 146.55 Think Native 441.07 MN 55047; 651-247-0474; Flora ID CDs 2,292.00 Total checking 15,380.43 Donations 692.00 Interest on checking 14.51 Vice-President: Scott Milburn, CD #10061266 1,063.40 Membership dues 3,470.00 CD #95851478454 1,000.00 Symposium 5,992.00 Secretary: Karen Schik, Cash on hand 55.00 Plant sale 871.50 secretary@mnnps.orgTotal assets $17,498.83 Other 70.00 Treasurer: Ron Huber, Total income $13,552.56 Ken Arndt, board member,Prairie Smoke to be karndt@mnnps.orgConference host Expenses Mary G. Brown, board member, Renew CD $1,000.00 Prairie Smoke will host the 2006 Insurance 436.00 Daniel Jones, board member,conference/banquet of The PrairieEnthusiasts (TPE) March 11 at Eagle Printing 1,123.64 djones@mnnps.orgBluff Environmental Learning Center Postage 920.10 Shirley Mah Kooyman, boardin the southeastern Minnesota bluff Sales tax 144.00 member, skooyman@mnnps.orgcountry near Lanesboro. Their target Supplies 64.33 Sandy McCartney, boardaudience includes TPE members, Symposium 2,512.97 member, smccartney@mnnps.orglandowners, and all persons interested Think Native 200.00 Program Coordinator: Lindain practical management and Refuge project 565.52 Huhn, 612-374-1435preservation of native prairies. Flora ID CDs 1,725.00 Listserv Coordinator: Charles Overnight lodging will be available Boundary Waters Fndtn. 50.00 Umbanhowar, ceumb@stolaf.eduin Eagle Bluff dorms Friday and Web site 512.65 Field Trips:Saturday nights. For more information, Honoraria 50.00 fieldtrips@mnnps.orgor to be considered as a speaker or Total expenses $9,304.21 Memberships:exhibitor, contact Andrea Mueller at; Net income $4,248.35 739-4323 Historian/Archives:Minnesota Native Plant Society’s purpose Technical or membership (Abbreviated from the bylaws) inquiries: This organization is exclusively organized and operated for educational Minnesota Plant Press editor: and scientific purposes, including the following: Gerry Drewry, phone, 651-463- 8006; 1. Conservation of all native plants. 2. Continuing education of all members in the plant sciences. Society has new 3. Education of the public regarding environmental protection of plant life. mailing address 4. Encouragement of research and publications on plants native to The MN NPS has changed its Minnesota. mailing address to a post office box. 5. Study of legislation on Minnesota flora, vegetation and ecosystems. It will be checked at least once a 6. Preservation of special plants, plant communities and scientific and week, speeding processing of natural areas. membership applications and 7. Cooperation in programs concerned with the ecology of natural answers to your questions. The resources and scenic features. address is: Minnesota Native Plant Society 8. Fellowship with all persons interested in native plants through P.O. Box 20401 meetings, lectures, workshops and field trips. Bloomington, MN 554202
  3. 3. up, contact Katie Galloway atPine Bend SNA Friends of the Mississippi River Symposium onContinued from page 1 (651-222-2193 ext. 14, orpine-hardwood forest. Along the Driftless Areariver, are black ash seepage swamp For additional information, visit:and floodplain forest. These natural is April 22communities contain populations of “The Land that Glaciers Forgot: theseven rare plant species, of which w w w. d n r. s t a t e . m n . u s / s n a s / Ecology of the Driftless Area” is thefour are listed as state-endangered. sna02030/index.html subject of this year’s symposium. It Pine Bend was an important will be Saturday, April 22, from 8:30location for Native Americans and Group explores a.m. to 4 p.m. at St. Olaf Collegewas one of the earliest sites of winter botany at Science Center, Northfield.European settlement in the region. Presenters will discuss the geologyVestiges of the town of Pine Bend Nature Center of the Driftless Area and its plantare still visible south of the SNA, by Ken Arndt communities, rare plants, andnear the Flint Hills Resources On Saturday Nov. 12, MN NPS conservation issues. Speakers andrefinery. Individual parcels at the President and Botanist Jason their topics are posted on the MNSNA have more recent human Husveth and Board Member and NPS Web site, At the property owned by Urban Forester Ken Arndt led 16 Members will also receive a brochurethe Burgers, for instance, you can still amateur and professional plant in the mail. Space will be limited,see remnants of a Boy Scout cabin, enthusiasts on an enjoyable walk so register early.built there by hand in the 1930s from through the Maplewood Naturelogs that were floated to the site in a Center property to learn about winter Two Winter Fieldraft. Not far from there is the Old botany. With a lack of snow coverMilitary Road, which ran parallel to and comfortable temperatures that Trips are plannedthe river. And from the McGill morning, we encountered many Join MN NPS members Saturday,property, you can find arguably the different plants along the trails. Feb. 11, from 9:30 a.m. to noon formost spectacular views of the We began inside the nature center, a tour of the University ofMississippi River in the metropolitan where we had a brief overview of the Minnesota’s herbarium. Dr. Georgearea. (View photos at: aspects of winter botany and how to Weiblin, curator of flowering plants-sna_addition.html) begin identifying plants by Bell Museum, will take us through One of the former property owners, characteristics outside of the growing the herbarium and give us an up-the late Dwight Malcolm, not only season. We started our plant walk at close look at what it takes to maintaindonated his parcel to the state for a small landscaped area dominated a herbarium at a major university. Apermanent protection, but also by native trees, shrubs and demonstration on plant specimenprovided significant funding to FMR perennials. A paved trail took us mounting will be included.for habitat restoration work at that around a large open-water pond, On Saturday, March 11, from 9parcel. In partnership with the DNR where we passed through a wooded a.m. to noon, MN NPS Boardand the National Park Foundation, area of green ash, silver maple, and Members Ken Arndt and Scottwhich also donated funds to the site, black willow. We moved on, to a Milburn will lead a field trip at BootFMR has undertaken extensive small prairie restoration area and into Lake Scientific and Natural Area inexotic woody plant removal from the an upland of white and northern pin northern Anoka County. From theoak forest and has initiated a seven- oak. Here, a buckthorn removal tamarack swamp through the statelyacre oak savanna restoration. Over project has opened up the understory, white pines and into the woodlandsthe last two years, nearly 200 welcoming back the true natives. On and on to Boot Lake, we will identifyvolunteers have helped haul and the north side of the pond, a large woody and herbaceous plants foundstack large amounts of brush, collect stand of pagoda dogwood was at this great SNA.prairie seed, and prepare the growing along the trail, just above Go to forwoodland for a prescribed burn. the wetland edge with hackberry and information on signing up for either Events planned for 2006 include silver maple. of these field trips, detailedbrush burning on Saturday, Jan. 28, Maplewood Nature Center is also directions and parking lots.garlic mustard pulling on June 3, and a great get-away for a quick family Participation will be limited to 25seed collection in the summer and hike through scenic woodland and people for each trip. Field trips forfall. For more information or to sign wetland plant communities. this spring will be posted soon. 3
  4. 4. A gorgeous view: Plant communities ofthe Mississippi Gorge Regional Parkby Karen Schik, Friends of the While the native Minnesota plant flooding and drought, and severeMississippi River; and Carolyn Carr, communities have been largely erosion and sedimentation. OneEcological Strategies. This is an altered since the time of European adaptation to injury that manyabstract of their presention at the settlement, first by logging and more floodplain tree species have is to sendNov. 3, 2005, meeting. recently by invasive species, the up new shoots, forming multiple entire corridor has been identified by trunks, a common floodplain forest The Mississippi River Gorge is an the DNR as having moderate or high feature.eight-mile stretch of river between biodiversity significance. Mesic oakSt. Anthony Falls and the confluence Structurally, floodplain forests are forest is the dominant community not very diverse, with sparse orwith the Minnesota River. This along the river, but a number of othersteep-sided ravine is the only gorge absent shrub layer. The ground layer plant communities can be found, is also sparse and may be absent inon the entire length of the river and including floodplain forest, mapleis a result of the only falls on the an active floodplain until mid- basswood forest, black ash seepage summer. Then it is composed ofriver. The story of how the falls and swamp, and mesic prairie.the gorge came to be began millions early-successional, opportunisticof years ago, when ancient seas Mesic Oak Forest class consists species, especially annuals. Stingingcovered the region. Deposits of sand of mesic forests on gravelly moraine nettle is common, as well asand calcite exoskeletons of tiny or outwash deposits, and on slopes clearweed, goldenglow, touch-me-organisms formed thick layers of with thin soil over bedrock along the not, honewort and bur marigold. Asandstone beneath limestone. Long Mississippi River bluffs. They distinctive feature of floodplain isafter the seas receded, the landscape developed on moist to somewhat that there are many vine species.was dramatically altered by drought or fire-prone sites. Red oak, Black Ash Seepage Swamp is aglaciation. The most recent glacial white oak, bur oak, and pin oak rather uncommon plant communityperiod, about 10,000 years ago, dominate mesic oak forests. These that is most often found on level rivercarved many of the present-day stands typically did not burn as much terraces at the base of steep and river valleys and exposed as drier oak forests and were In the gorge, it exists belowthe bedrock layers along parts of the probably always forest, rather than Minnehaha Falls. The communitygorge. The geologic history can savanna. The trees are tall and consists of wet hardwood forests oneasily be viewed at the exposed cliff straight, with narrow crowns. Fire- muck or peat soils in areas withfaces in many places along the river. sensitive species are common, continuously flowing cold especially basswood, green ash, groundwater. The canopy is patchy The gorge came about as a result butternut and aspen, as well as to interrupted and is dominated byof erosion and recession of St. hackberry, bitternut, walnut, elm and black ash, sometimes with basswoodAnthony Falls. About 8,000 years sugar maple. This community often and American elm, and rarely withago, the falls was located in succeeds to maple-basswood forest. green ash and yellow birch. Skunkdowntown St. Paul. Water flowedover the limestone shelf of the falls The shrub layer is sparser than in cabbage is a common ground layerand eroded the soft sandstone dry forests because the canopy is species, and the shrub layer isbeneath it. The undercut limestone denser. The forb layer is typically sparse or absent.would eventually break off, causing subsequently more dense and diverse Maple Basswood Forest is foundthe migration of the falls upstream and has more grasses and sedges, as in moist, fire-protected areas such asand leaving behind the present-day well as tree seedlings. An abundance ravines and north-facing slopes. Ingorge with 100-foot bluffs. Geology of prickly ash and other spiny shrubs the gorge it can be found on the westforms the basis for plant are indicators of past grazing. side of the river, near 44th St.communities and strongly influencesthe other factors that shape the Floodplain Forests are made up Only about 2 percent of maplecommunities: soils, topography, of a particularly hardy group of basswood forest is left in the state.aspect, climate, hydrology and species, adapted to disturbances of Although the loss has been primarilydisturbance regime. opposite extremes, such as prolonged due to farming, logging and4
  5. 5. development, remaining areas are were brought here by European Patterned peatlandnow threatened by invasive species. settlers and have since spread from The community is characterized by gardening and fishing. field trip planneda dense, continuous canopy Referred to as “ecosystem for July weekenddominated by sugar maple and engineers,” earthworms seriously Jason Husveth will lead a northernAmerican basswood, though red and alter the soil structure in native Minnesota field trip Saturday, Julywhite oak, green ash, slippery elm, forests. By consuming the duff or leaf 15, and Sunday, July 16, to aand paper birch are also common. litter, they convert the loose, rich, and patterned peatland he surveyed lastThe trees are tall, straight, and spongy native soils to a hard, mineral summer. The trip will be open to allnarrow-crowned. Because the soil with no duff, thereby removing MN NPS members.canopy is so dense, the shrub layer the substrate from beneath the nativeis sparse, and the ground layer is woodland plants. Earthworm The location is 12 miles southeastdiverse and abundant. Woodland infestations result in bare forest of Ely along Minnesota Hwy. 1, inwildflowers must take advantage of floors with a very depauperate the Superior National Forest and onthe bright light in spring before leaf- species assemblage. state forest land. Participants willout to flower and set seed, so spring camp in a national forest camp- It is not yet clear if forest ground Friday night.ephemerals are common. communities can recover from the This site is within a large complex Maple-basswood is a late- altered condition. The problem is of patterned peatland, rich fens, poorsuccessional community that compounded because exotic plant fens, black spruce swamps, andsucceeds mixed oak forest and other species such as garlic mustard and tamarack swamps. In addition to rareforest types on mesic soils. It is a self- buckthorn readily invade the species, participants will seeperpetuating community because disturbed soils. And native woodland carnivorous plants, numerousseedlings of the dominant tree plants that do survive are orchids, sedges, rushes, grasses, andspecies are very shade-tolerant. The preferentially eaten by an overly native wetland wildflowers. The tripforest can develop into old-growth abundant deer population. will require hiking across theforest because catastrophic Mesic Prairie comprises a very peatlands along a “winter accessdisturbance is rare and dominant small portion of the gorge, but an road.”species are long-lived (250 years or intensive restoration project at the The hike will be approximately onemore). “prairie bowl” at 36th St. and West to two miles each way on a saturated River Road has been on-going for Sugar maple plays a key role in soil cushion of peat moss over a many years. Successive burning,formation. It is sometimes referred consolidated peat deposit and will be woody removal, seeding andto as a nutrient pump, because it pulls somewhat difficult to difficult. “The planting efforts are helping to restorenutrients from deep in the soil to payoffs will make all of the efforts the native composition and structuremake massive numbers of leaves. In worthwhile,” Jason said. “I hiked to this small remnant.most tree species, nutrients from the into this complex three times lastleaves are returned to the tree trunk While degraded in many areas by summer, and it was one of the mostin the fall, prior to leaf fall. In sugar historic land uses and exotic invasive fascinating sites I have ever surveyedmaple, the nutrients are not returned species, the river gorge has been the in Minnesota.”to the trunk but fall with the leaves, target of intensive restoration Jason will announce the trip at thethus returning high levels of calcium, activities for many years and an February meeting and will postphosphorus and magnesium to the amazing collaboration of local details, including costs, on thesoil and creating a very rich duff residents working with many other society’s Web site.layer. groups. The Minneapolis Park Minnesota grass key is One of the most serious threats to Board, Friends of the Mississippi on herbarium Web sitethis and other hardwood forest River, Great River Greening, the Anita Cholewa has placed an easy-communities in Minnesota is the Department of Natural Resources to-use grass key online atinvasion of earthworms. Since and the National Park Service are did not survive some of the entities that have been grass%20text/contents%20Lpage.htm.glaciation, plant communities that working with neighborhood groups She is curator of temperate plants, J.evolved after glaciation did so in the to restore and maintain the natural F. Bell Museum of Natural History,absence of earthworms. Earthworms features of this local treasure. University of Minnesota, St. Paul. 5
  6. 6. Agriculture (MDA), including GeirNursery Law amendments Friisoe, manager of the Plant Protection Section, Mark Schreiber,affect rules for plant sales supervisor of the Nursery Inspection & Export Certification Unit, and Gailby Dianne Plunkett Latham Broadly speaking, there are two Ryan, MDA attorney. AlsoThis is part of an article Dianne, a groups eligible to sell nursery stock participating were Mary Maguireformer MN NPS board member, without obtaining a nursery stock Lerman, City of Minneapoliswrote for the Federated Garden grower certificate (exempt nursery horticulturalist, and Myk Hamlin ofClubs of Minnesota Newsletter. sales). These two groups are not-for- the Minnesota Hosta Society. The On June 30, the Minnesota profit sales and occasional sales. Not- consensus was that if a garden clubLegislature passed a bill to keep for-profit sales applies to an hosted or advertised a plant sale with organization or an individual whoportions of our state government plants provided by its members, and offers for sale certified nursery stockrunning. The bill not only managed (from any certified nursery, from any the total sales of nursery stockto keep the Departments of Natural state) if sales are conducted on 10 or (defined under 18H.02 subd. 20)Resources and Agriculture less days in a calendar year, and if were under $2,000, the club need notoperational, but it also had quite a the proceeds are used for educational, track sales to individuals. If totalfew other things in it, including scientific, charitable or religious sales of nursery stock were overchanges to 18H.06, Exempt Nursery purposes. There is no dollar limit on $2,000, however, the garden clubSales. The new Nursery Law the amount of nursery stock that can must record each individualamendments went into force on July be sold under the not-for-profit member’s sales so that the garden1, 2005. statute. However, all the stock must club can demonstrate that no member be certified in the state of origin prior sold more than $2,000 worth of The new amendments removed the to sale. nursery stock at their sale.words “Nursery Hobbyist” and The second category under exempt Representatives of the Minnesota“organization,” leaving only the nursery sales is occasional sales. The Department of Agriculture said thatword “individuals.” Thus, any rationale for the occasional sales the occasional sales classification isindividual, as a private citizen, and/ statute on low volume sales ($2,000 an option available to low-volume,or as a member of a garden club, can per year limit) of Minnesota-grown infrequent plant vendors. The choicesell up to $2,000 of Minnesota- nursery stock to customers who will is up to each individual; plan salesgrown nursery stock to customers plant the nursery stock in Minnesota, dates carefully and stop selling whenwho will plant it in Minnesota, but is that such nursery stock presents a $2,000 is reached, or get a nurserythe number of days of allowable sales low risk of plant pest spread from stock grower’s certificate. Once thewas reduced from 14 days to 10 days. seller to customer. The occasional plants are certified, you can sell your sales category is the part of the statute Under 18H.02, Subd. 20, nursery plants on as many days as you wish that is generally the most applicablestock is defined as “trees, shrubs, to garden club plant sales. and without a limit on the amount ofvines, perennials, biennials, grafts, money you make. Each individual is The old statute allowed an responsible for keeping personalcuttings and buds that may be sold individual, company or organizationfor propagation, whether cultivated records of their nursery stock sales such as a garden club to sell up to to document that their total sales ofor wild, and all viable parts of these $2,000 per year of uncertifiedplants.” As before, members who nursery stock do not exceed $2,000 nursery stock, for example, stock in a given year, and that sales do nothave the above-defined plants, which grown in members’ back yards, inare grown out-of-state, cannot sell occur on more than 10 days during addition to certified stock purchased the year.them at a Minnesota club’s plant sale from Minnesota vendors. All stockunder the occasional sales statute. had to be Minnesota-grown and Technical changes were also made As before, the nursery certification planted in Minnesota. Sales could to Minn. Statutes 18H.18,requirements do not apply to annuals, be conducted up to a maximum of Conservation of Certainbulbs, tubers, vegetable plants or 14 days per calendar year. Wildflowers. The changes wereornamental indoor plants, among What does a garden club have to made to eliminate redundant plantothers. These categories of plants do to prove that no member is selling names, establish consistency withinmay be grown by members in over $2,000 worth of plants under the the statute and clarify plant speciesMinnesota or out-of-state and sold at new statute? To determine this, on covered by the statute. No speciesa Minnesota club plant sale without Sept. 22, I met with representatives were removed or added as a result ofneed of any certification. of the Minesota. Department of this most recent revision. Questions6
  7. 7. about the wildflower statute or guides are very affordable and cannursery laws can be directed to Mark be purchased at Minnesota’sSchreiber or Steven Shimek at the Bookstore. Plant Lore by Thor KommedahlMDA at 651-296-8507. What is Dutchman’s breeches? The Laurentian Mixed Forest I have been appointed by Geir Province guide provides easy-to-use Dutchman’s breeches is DicentraFriisoe to represent garden clubs at keys for identifying native plant cucullaria in the fumitory (bleedingfuture deliberations on proposed heart) family. communities, along with well-amendments to the nursery laws. If What do its names mean?you have any comments on the written information on the various Dicentra comes from dis meaningnursery laws do not hesitate to ecological systems described for the twice and kentron meaning spur,contact me at 952-941-3542. Laurentian Mixed Forest Province. referring to the double-spurred It includes detailed fact sheets for flowers. The specific epithetBook review each described native plant cucullaria means hooded. And, of community. I have found the fact course, the flowers resembleField guide for sheets to be very valuable, with an pantaloons or breeches. abundance of very interesting What does the plant look like?Laurentian Mixed information that users will It is a perennial with roots consisting of a cluster of many smallForest Province appreciate. These fact sheets are also white tubers. White flowers hang available online on the MN DNRby Scott Milburn from an arched stem (raceme), and Web site. Recently, the Minnesota each bloom has two inflated spursDepartment of Natural Resources The guide itself provides an resembling legs of tiny pantaloons.revised its system of classifying enormous amount of information, Leaves are highly dissected, almostnative plant communities in some of which is technical. That fern-like. It flowers in April andMinnesota. The native plant should not, however, intimidate May, then goes dormant.communities defined in this effort are anyone interested in learning more Where does it grow?based not on plant species about the plant communities of It is found as a native plant in richcomposition alone, but also Minnesota. The guides are not just woods, in full or semi-shade, in mostconsiderations of hydrology, for professionals, but are for anyone of the state except the northwest. Thelandforms, soils, and natural who is interested in understanding seed is difficult to harvest; as soondisturbance. how our landscape is shaped by as it ripens, it falls quickly from ecological processes. For a link to plants. This information is being the MN DNR Native Plant Is it poisonous or medicinal?published in a series of three field It may cause a skin rash. It contains Community page, visit our Web siteguides. The first, Field Guide to the the alkaloid protopine, which acts as ( and look underNative Plant Communities of a depressant to the central nervous links.Minnesota: the Laurentian Mixed system. Cattle grazing on this plantForest Province, was published in Information about the second book, tremble and stagger, and sometimes2003. The second field guide, for the Field Guide to the Native Plant the plant is called staggerweed. RootEastern Broadleaf Forest Province, Communities of Minnesota: the tea has been used as a diuretic and tohas just been printed. The third Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province, promote, for Prairie Parkland-Aspen will be available on the Minnesota’s Has it other uses?Parklands is to be available soon. Bookstore’s Web site, Not economically. The Menominee Indians regarded it as a love charm. The guides are small in size, to The price is $10.95, plus sales tax and A suitor would throw the plant at aenable the user to easily carry them potential mate, who then felt $3 for shipping.on a short hike or a long camping trip. compelled to follow the suitor. If aThese guides are also field-hardy, Mail orders can be sent to root was nibbled by a man, it wasprinted on water-resistant paper, Minnesota’s Bookstore, 660 Olive believed that his breath would attractenabling the user to have one less St., St. Paul, MN 55155. The retail a woman, even against her will. Aworry when perhaps crossing an store is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. different species, Dicentraextensive peatland or waiting out a Monday through Friday. Call 651- spectabilis, is bleeding heart, and itsummer storm. Price-wise, the 282-5077 or 1-800-657-3706. is cultivated in gardens. 7
  8. 8. Minnesota Native Plant SocietyP.O. Box 20401Bloomington, MN 55420Winter 2006