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Summer 2004 Minnesota Plant Press


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Summer 2004 Minnesota Plant Press

  1. 1. Minnesota Plant Press The Minnesota Native Plant Society NewsletterVolume 23 Number 4 Summer 2004 Monthly meetings Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Center, 3815 East 80th St. MNPS Adopts Grey Bloomington, MN 55425-1600 952-854-5900 Cloud Dunes SNA 6:30 p.m. — Building east door opens by Karen Schik 6:30 p.m. — Refreshments, information, Room A According to the Minnesota Native Plant Society bylaws, the purpose 7 – 9 p.m — Program, society business of the organization includes “ Preservation of special plants, plant 7:30 p.m. — Building door is locked communities, and scientific and natural areas.” It is in keeping with 9:30 p.m. — Building closes this mission, therefore, that the board of directors has decided to become Programs actively involved with management and preservation of Scientific and The MNPS meets the first Thursday in Natural Areas (SNAs), which are owned and managed by the MinnesotaOctober, November, December, February, Department of Natural Resources (DNR). The board chose to focusMarch, April, May, and June. Check the on Grey Cloud Dunes SNA in Cottage Grove and is hopeful that manyWeb site for more program information. members will choose to participate in future management activities Oct. 7: “Use of Native Plants in that will be scheduled there. We hope to demonstrate our commitmentStream Bank Stabilization,” by Greg as an organization to the preservation of these areas.Thompson, Anoka County ConservationDistrict. Plant-of-the-Month: To be Grey Cloud Dunes SNA is rare gem of natural areas in the Twinannounced. Cities metropolitan area. The primary habitat of the 220-acre piece is sand barrens dry prairie. The prairie occupies two river terraces, about Nov. 4: “Biological Control of InvasivePlants in Minnesota,” by Luke Sinner, 40 feet and 110 feet above the river, which were created nearly 10,000DNR Coordinator for Purple Loosestrife years ago by sandy deposits of the Glacial River Warren. Dry prairiesProgram. Seed exchange. are much less common in Minnesota than mesic, tallgrass prairies, which are familiar to most people. Dry prairies have a unique Dec. 2: To be announced. assemblage of plant and animal species associated with them. Grey Cloud Dunes, the largest remnant dry prairie in the Twin Cities, is anMembership form is inside excellent example of this plant community type and harbors five rare The MNPS membership year is from plant species (seabeach needle grass, Illinois tick trefoil, long-beardedOct.1 to Sept. 30. To join, or to renew hawkweed, Louisiana broomrape, and Hill’s thistle). Donated to theyour membership and ensure you continue DNR by Ashland Oil Company in the late 1990s, this site is a wonderfulreceiving this newletter, clip or copy the asset to the people of the state.form on page 7, complete it, and mail it,with your check to the address shown. As with all natural areas, Grey Cloud Dunes needs active management to retain its character and composition. The MNPS BoardMNPS Web site of Directors became interested in working with the SNA program not only because it is in keeping with the mission of the organization, but also because the SNAs are in dire need of help at this time. Statee-mail: budget cuts have seriously impaired the ability of the SNA program toMNPS Listserve keep up with all the management needed at its properties. SNAs are Send a message that includes the word showcases of the presettlement condition of native plant communities“subscribe” or “unsubscribe” and your and are vital to the preservation of our natural resources. Unlike statename in the body of the message to: parks, which are highly developed with trails, buildings and Continued on page 6
  2. 2. New officers, board MNPS Board of Directorsmembers assume duties President: Jason Husveth, Critical Connections Ecological A new vice president was elected, and new board members were welcomed Services Inc., 14758 Ostlund Trailat the June 24 meeting of the MNPS Board of Directors. N., Marine on St. Croix, MN; 651- 247-0474; Jason Husveth was re-elected MNPS president, and Scott Milburn was Vice-President: Scottelected vice president. Linda Huhn did not wish to continue as vice president, Milburn,72 St. Albans St. N., St.but she will continue as program chair. Karen Schik, who has been sharing Paul, MN 55419; 612-310-6260;secretarial duties with Joel Dunnette, now has full responsibilities for that smilburn@ccesinc.composition. David Johnson was re-elected treasurer and also elected to the Secretary: Karen Schik, 13860board. He will serve the final year of the term of Janet Larson, who resigned. 236th St. N., Scandia, MN 55073; New board members, who were elected at the March general membership 651-433-5254 (h), 651-222-2193meeting, are Ron Huber and Ken Arndt. Jason Husveth was re-elected to (w); kschik@fmr.orgthe board. Their terms will expire in 2007. Terms of continuing board Treasurer: David Johnson, 6437members Dianne Plunkett Latham, Shirley Mah Kooyman and Scott Milburn Baker Ave. N.E., Fridley, MN 55432;expire in 2006. Terms of Karen Schik, Doug Mensing and David Johnson 763-571-6278; MNPS@HotPOP.comexpire in 2005. Chuck and Ellen Peck have volunteered to mail the Ken Arndt, 2577 Co. Rd. F, Whiteinformation packets to new members. They already mail the newsletters. Bear Twp., MN 55110; 651-426- 8174; Other actions by the board included Web site links compiledmaking Illinois Botanist Robert H. Hundreds of links to Web sites Ron Huber, 2521 Jones Place W.,Mohlenbrock and his wife honorary about invasives and other Bloomington, MN 55431-2837; 952- environmental topics are now linked 886-0783; huber033@umn.edumembers, deciding to form a liaisonwith the DNR to assist with the Grey on the Invasive Plants of Wisconsin Shirley Mah Kooyman, 4520 Web site at: Terraceview Lane N., Plymouth, MNCloud Dunes SNA, and agreeing to klinks.asp The 553 links, compiledassist in staffing the Minnesota 55446; 952-443-1419 (w), 763-559- by Kelly Kearns, are filterable by 3114 (h);Horticultural Society’s educational major category at this time. Marsha shirley@arboretum.umn.eduexhibit at the Minnesota State Fair. Vomastic, IPWA webmaker, plans toThat exhibit will feature native enhance the search capabilities and Dianne Plunkett Latham, 7013plants. refine the categorization in the future. Comanche Court, Edina, MN 55439-1004; 952-941-3542; plunkettdi@mn.rr.comMinnesota Native Plant Society’s purpose Douglas Mensing, 5814 Grand (Abbreviated from the bylaws) Ave. S., Minneapolis, MN 55419; This organization is exclusively organized and operated for educational 612-926-8637 (H); and scientific purposes, including the following: 1. Conservation of all native plants. Program Chair: Linda Huhn, 2. Continuing education of all members in the plant sciences. 2553 Dupont Ave. S., Minneapolis, 3. Education of the public regarding environmental protection of plant MN 55405; 612-374-1435. life. Listserv Coordinator: Charles 4. Encouragement of research and publications on plants native to Umbanhowar, Minnesota. 5. Study of legislation on Minnesota flora, vegetation and ecosystems. Minnesota Plant Press editor: 6. Preservation of special plants, plant communities and scientific and Gerry Drewry, 24090 Northfield natural areas. Blvd., Hampton, MN 55031; phone, 7. Cooperation in programs concerned with the ecology of natural 651-463-8006; fax, 651-463-7086; resources and scenic features. 8. Fellowship with all persons interested in native plants through Technical or membership meetings, lectures, workshops and field trips. inquiries: MNPS@HotPOP.com2
  3. 3. Three groups win ‘Think Native’grants of money, plants or seedsby Dianne Plunkett Latham, Chair, Association and the Bryn Mawr class, which is Biology ofThink Native Committee Garden Club for the restoration Horticultural Crops.” This group The MNPS Think Native grant project at Bassett’s Creek on was awarded the grant of seeds fromprogram was revised in 2004. Instead Glenwood Ave. between Vincent and the Nov. 4, 2004 seed exchange.of making grants to individuals, the Thomas Avenues N. in Minneapolis.grants are now given to organizations Buckthorn has been removed, andfor planting native plant gardens in plantings of native plants have Outdoor plant begun. They were awarded a grantpublic places. of plants from the June 3 MNPS plant sale is successful We were pleased to receive 11 sale. Greg Lecker, Karen Soderberg by Gerry Drewryapplications for our Think Native and Stephanie Brody picked up a This year’s plant sale, which wasgrant this year. All were outstanding, dozen or more flats of native plants held outdoors, was a successand we wished that we had enough after the sale and had them all planted logistically, socially and financially.funding to award a $200 grant to by the end of the following weekend! The donated plants were arrangedeach. Unfortunately, we had but one on the low walls outside of the Century Collegemonetary grant to give. So many Minnesota National Wildlife Refuge Ginny Coyle applied on behalf ofapplicants were outstanding, entrance. We had an excellent the Century College (White Bearhowever, that we endeavored to find variety of plants. There were some Lake) horticulture program, whichother ways to help them fill their outstanding specimens for the silent will develop native plantings on theirnative plant gardens. auction, including two Goldie’s ferns campus. Century College offers a donated by Tom Bittinger. In addition to awarding one $200 two-year degree program ingrant, we made a second grant of the horticulture. They have collected There was much more room fornative plants remaining from the seed from “Jim’s Prairie” in members to inspect the plants and toJune 3, 2004 plant sale. We made a Maplewood and plan to coordinate visit with each other than at thethird grant of the seeds remaining their project with Joy Cedarleaf, previous sales inside the building. Inafter the November seed exchange. biology instructor in Field Biology addition, there were no tables toThe grant selection committee, and Restoration Ecology. move, and clean-up was simple.which met on May 6, consisted of The sale enriched the MNPS Century College has propagationDianne Plunkett Latham, Dave treasury by $879 — the second greenhouses where they can growCrawford, Shirley Mah Kooyman highest total since we started the seeds for their use and to share withand Karen Schik, with Linda Huhn sales. other organizations. They wouldparticipating via e-mail. It is with Proceeds for the last six sales were: appreciate a MNPS speaker for theirgreat pleasure that we announce the 1999, $593.35; 2000, $424.00; 2001, horticulture class on the use of nativefollowing winners: $360.50; 2002, $454.75; 2003, plants in landscaping. Anyone interested should contact Ginny $911.00; 2004, $879.Wright County Humane Society Eva Forcier applied on behalf of Coyle at 651-773-1726, ext. 2, or The weather was perfect, so wethe Wright County Humane Society didn’t need the tent that Ken Arndtfor a memorial garden at the Humane brought for Cashiers David and Ginny Coyle responded: “Thank Susan Johnson to use in case of rain.Society, 4375 Hwy. 55 S.E., Buffalo, you for the gift of the seeds. We will Plant Sale Chairs Dave Crawford andand was awarded the $200 grant. put them to good use. A visit to the Gerry Drewry thank the manyBassett’s Creek wildlife refuge and possibly volunteers who helped before, during Greg Lecker applied on behalf of attending the (November) meeting and after the sale. They plan to repeatthe Bryn Mawr Neighborhood would be a great field trip for the the outdoor format next year. 3
  4. 4. Organizations’ plant salesmust follow new state rules Members’ plants that are grown out- Note that as of July 1, 2003,by Dianne Plunkett Latham On July 1, 2003, amendments to of-state cannot be sold at a Minnesota bloodroot and mayapple have beenNursery Hobbyist Sales (Minn. club’s plant sale under the above added to this act. An exception isStatutes 18H.06) and to the exemption. This is because the made in the statute for wildflowersConservation of Wildflowers (Minn. objective of the legislation is to “growing naturally, collected andStatutes 18H.18) Acts that were prevent plant diseases and pests from cultivated on the collector ’spassed by the Minnesota Legislature entering Minnesota. Such plants property….”took effect. These amendments affect grown out-of-state must be certified Under MNPS policy, members by the Department of Agriculture in may NOT collect plants from theplant sales by garden clubs and their state of origin before they can wild for purposes of the MNPS sale,organizations such as the Minnesota be sold in Minnesota. Minnesota has whether they are covered by this actNative Plant Society. reciprocity with certification in all of or not. If a wildflower covered by this Wildflowers sold at MNPS plant the other United States. Uncertified act has been grown on a member’ssales are covered under the statute for nursery stock raised out-of-state private property, it can be sold at thenursery hobbyist sales (see Minn. cannot be sold at MNPS plant sales. MNPS sale, whether covered by thisStatute 18H.06, Subd. 2) because Certification requirements do not act or not, but the name of the privatewildflowers fall under the Nursery apply to annuals, bulbs, tubers, grower must be clearly indicated onStock definition (see Minn. Statutes vegetable plants and ornamental the tag that goes with the plant, so18H.02, Subd. 20) of “trees, shrubs, indoor plants among others (see that if any question arises as to avines, perennials, biennials, grafts, 18H.02 Subd. 20 for complete list). controlled plant’s origin, the growercuttings and buds that may be sold These categories of plants may be can be contacted for verification.for propagation, whether cultivated grown by Minnesota or out-of-state During the fall of 2004, MDA andor wild, and all viable parts of these members and sold at a Minnesota trade organizations will beginplants.” organization’s plant sale without discussions on amendments to the need of any certification. nursery laws. Anyone wanting to A nursery hobbyist organization orindividual is exempt from the Under the Conservation of Certain participate should contact Diannerequirement of obtaining a nursery Wildflowers (Minn. Statutes Plunkett Latham at 952-941-3542 forstock dealer certificate if the plants 18H.18), “No person shall distribute notification of these meetings.were grown in Minnesota, intended the state flower (Cypripedium County boards can vetofor planting in Minnesota, and the reginae), or any species of ladygross sales of all nursery stock in a slipper (Cypripedieae), any member designation of new SNAscalendar year is not more than of the orchid family, any gentian The Minnesota DNR must now$2,000. At the Minnesota (Gentiana), arbutus (Epigaea obtain county board approval beforeDepartment of Agriculture’s (MDA) repens), lilies (Lilium), coneflowers designating a new Scientific anddiscretion, the MDA may prescribe (Echinacea), bloodroot (Sanguinaria Natural Area. The amendmentthe conditions of the nursery canadensis), mayapple restricting DNR action washobbyist sales and may conduct (Podophyllum peltatum), any sponsored by Rep. David Dill, DFl,routine inspections of hobbyist species of trillium, or lotus (Nelumbo Crane Lake, and passed by the 2004nursery stock offered for sale. lutea), which have been collected in Legislature. The law now allows a any manner from any public or county to block DNR management Organizations such as the MNPS private property without the written of land that already belongs to theand garden clubs sometimes have permission of the property owner and state, such as within a state forest ormembers who live out-of-state, written authorization from the park, or land purchased for but nottypically in neighboring states. commissioner.” yet designated as an SNA.4
  5. 5. Ferns have unusual life cyclesby Tom Bittinger, proprietor, Midwest pea-like bulbs that fall off to arrangement. The broad frondsNative Ferns, Owatonna. This is an germinate and quickly produce new remain quite wide toward the tip,abstract of his June 3, 2004 talk. plants. The pale green fronds can where they abruptly narrow to a Ferns are interesting plants with a reach over three feet in length, but point. The margins of the pinnae oflife cycle that is somewhat different are rarely more than four inches in young fronds are lighter green or, asfrom seed plants. The fern life cycle width at the base. Found on damp they are sometimes described,includes two separate, independent rocks, cliffs, ditches, and even in “golden.” (The species name,plants that are dissimilar in form and rocky woods, these ferns often form however, refers to a botanist, Johnfunction. explosions of long, arching fronds. Goldie, not to coloration.) This subtle The bulblet prefers slightly basic soil, shading can give this fern a two- One plant, the sporophyte, is the but is not particularly fussy when it toned appearance.plant we are familiar with which is comes to soil conditions.commonly seen in the wild and in our Goldie’s fern is fairly rare in thegardens. This plant produces dust- Smooth cliff brake (Pellaea wild in Minnesota. It is found in cool,like spores, usually on the underside glabella) — A small rock-loving fern moist woods and shady ravines.of the leaves (fronds). that is fairly common throughout much of southeast Minnesota. It Northern maidenhair (Adiantum When the spores germinate and often has a blue or blue-grey tint and pedatum) — One of Minnesota’sgrow, they actually produce a is able to grow in dryer and more most common ferns and also one ofdifferent type of plant altogether. exposed environments than most its most beautiful. This delicateThis alternate generation plant is ferns. woodland inhabitant has a uniquecalled a gametophyte, and it is form, which gives it a beautiful, lacyusually only a few millimeters Walking fern (Asplenium appearance.across, one to a few cells thick, and rhizophillum) — One of the most The stipe is dark, a brownish purpleusually lives for a relatively short interesting of Minnesota’s ferns. The to almost black, branching off intotime. It is in these little structures that shiny leaves of the walking fern have two arching rachises. The pinnaethe sexual part of the life cycle takes a heart-shaped base and a long, emerge from the inside of each of theplace, with the production and fusion slender tapering tip. Small plantlets two branches, giving the fronds aof gametes, and from which the new will form at the tips of the leaves, fan-like appearance.(sporophyte) plant grows. taking root and giving this fern a unique “walking” method of asexual The maidenhair spreads slowly, so Ferns (like many flowering plants) propagation. Scattered, oblong sori controlling its spread is no trouble.also exhibit many interesting on the underside of the leavesmethods of asexual (vegetative) facilitate reproduction through It is beautiful as an individualreproduction. specimen, or, as often found in rich, spores. shady woods, a large colony. The There are about 12,000 species of The walking fern is found in the fronds often orient themselvesferns that have been described southeastern corner of Minnesota in parallel to the ground, making largeworldwide. Although most are found damp, shady places. It usually grows colonies appear as a green, lacyin the tropics, Minnesota is home to on mossy, limestone rocks, often blanket floating inches above theabout 75 different species of ferns. covering them with large, tangled, forest floor.A few examples of Minnesota’s mat-like colonies due to its efficientnative ferns are: method of vegetative propagation. Tom Bittinger sells spore-grown ferns and other shade plants grown Bulblet fern (Cystopteris Goldie’s fern (Dryopteris from seed. For more information,bulbifera) — A fern with an goldiana) — The giant of our wood contact him at 507-451-0190 orinteresting ability to propagate itself ferns, growing three to five feet tall., or write to Midwestvegetatively. The underside of the Long, scaly, upright stalks support Native Ferns, 7220 SW 37th Ave.,long, narrow fronds produce small, gently arching fronds in a vase-like Owatonna, MN 55060. 5
  6. 6. Grey Cloud Dunes SNA Plant Lore Invasive Speciescontinued from page 1facilities to allow easy access and by Thor Kommedahl Advisory Councilrecreational use, development at What is virgin’s bower? by Esther McLaughlinSNAs is kept to a minimum so that Virgin’s bower is Clematis The April 20 meeting of thethere is very little disturbance and the virginiana, a perennial vine in the Minnesota Invasive Speciesarea can more closely resemble its buttercup family that is native to Advisory Council (MISAC) dealthistoric condition. These sites are Minnesota. It is one of only two with many serious issues facing ourreal treasures and are crucial for native species growing in Minnesota. state and its native fauna and flora.researchers and students striving to What do these names mean? MNPS is one of only a few non-learn about these systems. Clematis is the Greek name for commercial and non-governmental The first scheduled activity at Grey climbing plants, and virginiana organizations on the council. It willCloud Dunes will be pulling means from Virginia. Virgin’s bower be good for us and for MISAC toknapweed on July 17. For details refers to the kind of shelter or continue our involvement. Severalplease visit the SNA website at: http:/ covered place in a garden made with other MNPS members besides me/ vines or branches twined together, volunteer to attend meetings.sna/index.html, then click on the presumably appropriate for a lady. One report told of finding SuddenNewsletter. All future activities will Another name is old-man’s-beard, Oak Death (SOD) in nursery stockbe posted on the SNA website and for the long, feathery styles. from a large wholesale company inwill also be sent to the MNPS Where does Clematis virginiana California that shipped live materiallistserve ( For grow? to 39 states before the disease wasmore information, contact Karen The more than 200 species of found. Minnesota Department ofSchik at 651-222-2193 ext 15. Clematis grow in northern parts of Agriculture (MDA) will be the world, and about 20 species are tightening its requirements forCedar Lake Park native to North America. In inspection of material from Minnesota, this species is seen along California.Walk is Aug. 28 riverbanks, along the north shore of Of particular interest is Cedar Lake Park Association and the Lake Superior, and sometimes in development of a geographic dataMinnesota Native Plant Society are hedges and thickets. base of invasive organism sightingssponsoring a Native Landscapes Walk What do the plants look like? and identifications for the entirein Cedar Lake Park Saturday, Aug. 28,from 9:30 to 11:30 a.m. Keith Prussing, This trailing vine can climb as state. A cooperative effort by MDApresident of Cedar Lake Park much as 15 feet to cover other plants, and the Minnesota DNR (the workAssociation, invites everyone to creating a shaded shelter or bower. of Luke Skinner, Peter Dziuk, andexperience the nine-year-old prairie It supports itself by using its long Jeff Siira, among others), it willrestoration. The evolving landscapes petioles. The leaves are three-parted, eventually be web-based andinclude oak woodland, maple basswood, sharply toothed or lobed, opposite, searchable by species or county. Ifemergent lakeshore and marsh. and about 2-3 inches long. The stems you come across a patch or anPrussing will be the guide on this easy can be somewhat woody, even with individual of an invasive in a placewalk. Meet at 9:30 a.m. at 21st St. W. bark. Both petals and sepals are you never saw it before, you can e-and Upton Ave. S., Minneapolis. white. The fruits (achenes) are mail the information to Jeff SiiraParticipants must sign up in advance by attached to a feathery tail to account ( at MDA.contacting or for the name old-man’s-beard. Later, they expect to have a web-calling (612) 377-9522. based mechanism to add such Has the plant any medicinal uses? records.‘How-to’ for small prairies Clematis is not a drug of commerce; however, a liniment was research is needed to determine its Going Native: A Prairie medicinal value.Restoration Handbook for once prepared and used for treatmentMinnesota Landowners is available for skin eruptions and itching. Does it have any other economicfrom the Minnesota DNR. The book American Indians made an extract to applications?tells how to establish native prairie treat cuts and sores. When it is Because they hybridize easily andplants on plots of one to 20 acres. It applied fresh to skin, it can cause have showy blossoms, manyis available at DNR offices and blistering and if taken internally is horticultural varieties have beenonline at corrosive. Drying or boiling destroys developed for growing in gardens,prairierestoration/index.html poisonous properties. Further especially in partial shade.6
  7. 7. State Fair volunteers are neededby Linda Huhn landscapes,” in the July/August Volunteers may take a 15- to 20- Minnesota Native Plant Society issue of its magazine, Northern minute break during any four-hourmembers can receive a free pass to Gardener. shift. According to Vickie Winge,the Minnesota State Fair for any day The educational display at the State publisher of Northern Gardener, thethey volunteer for a four-hour shift Fair will be designed by Prairie priority dates to be filled are Aug. 29,at the Minnesota State Horticultural Restorations, Inc., which is also Sept. 3, 4, 5, and 6, with mostSociety’s educational display on donating the plant material. The weekday traffic between 9 a.m. andnative plants. This is an opportunity display area will be located in the 5 p.m.for MNPS members to help fair Southwest Wing, across the aisle Please call Linda Huhn of MNPSvisitors learn about native plants, and from the Horticultural Society retail at 612-374-1435 by July 21 to signalso to pass out MNPS brochures to booth. All that is required of up for shifts. This is a greatvisitors who request information. volunteers is to greet passers-by and opportunity to educate the public In addition to using native plants offer to answer questions. about native plants (fulfilling ouras a theme for its fair display, the The fair is Aug. 26 through Sept. purpose) and about the MinnesotaHorticultural Society has a feature 6. Three shifts of volunteers are Native Plant Society, to have somearticle entitled“The Return of the scheduled for the following times on fun helping the Horticultural Society,Native/The wild prairies of each day: 8:45 a.m. – 1 p.m.; 12:45 and to get free one-day admission toyesteryear find new life in modern p.m. – 5 p.m.; and 4:45 p.m. – 9 p.m. the fair. Minnesota Native Plant Society Member RegistrationName __________________________________________________________________________________Address _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________City __________________________________________________ State ________ Zip ______________Phone (work) _________________________________ (home) __________________________________E-Mail ________________________________________________________________________________Membership category (New ______ Renewal _______)$15 Individual$15 Family (2 or more related persons at same address) $8 Student (full time) $8 Senior (62 or over or retired)$20 Institution$25 DonorPlease fill in the form above and check the appropriate membership category. Your check should be madepayable to the Minnesota Native Plant Society. Mail the completed form and your check to the MinnesotaNative Plant Society, University of Minnesota, 250 Biological Sciences Center, 1445 Gortner Ave., St. Paul,MN 55108. 7
  8. 8. Minnesota Native Plant SocietyUniversity of Minnesota250 Biological Sciences Center1445 Gortner Ave.St. Paul, MN 55108 Summer 2004 Issue