 This is what Romanian students have
discussed about the Family and Work
Balance issue with their Slovak partners
in the ...
 The situation of families in Romania is improving, although
challenges remain with regard to the financial aspects of
re...
 In 2012, 56.5% of Romanian mothers with children under six
are in employment, compared to 59.1%. on EU level. This is
de...
 The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly
People in Romania continues to implement a national progra...
 Legislation in the field of social assistance has the purpose of
improving the living standards of families with childre...
 This is a monthly child raising allowance to the
amount of 85% of the average net income of the last
12 months before th...
 there is a program for family allowances (law no.
277/2010). This allowance is means-tested and is paid
to families with...
 The government considers efficient public services as the best
way to address issues of child poverty and to increase ch...
 The information in the country profile was last updated in
February 2014.
 In previous years a shift took place from in...
Family and work balance in romania
Family and work balance in romania
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Family and work balance in romania

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Family and work balance in romania

  1. 1.  This is what Romanian students have discussed about the Family and Work Balance issue with their Slovak partners in the discussions via the videoconferences and chat.
  2. 2.  The situation of families in Romania is improving, although challenges remain with regard to the financial aspects of reconciling work and family life.  A unitary system of social assistance is in place at the national level, which is available for all families, focused more on social assistance benefits which create incentives for parents for returning to work, yet there is insufficient access to care services for children.  Romanian law on the protection of children’s rights places major importance on preventing a child being separated from its family. The main responsibility in this respect lies with the Public Social Assistance Service.  Most mothers work despite low availability of childcare
  3. 3.  In 2012, 56.5% of Romanian mothers with children under six are in employment, compared to 59.1%. on EU level. This is despite the fact that formal childcare was available in 2011 to only 2% of children under the age of three and to 41% of children between three and the minimum compulsory school age. This puts Romania well below the Barcelona targets and the respective EU-28 averages of 30% and 83%. On the other hand, overall employment rates of women and men are lower than the EU average: 52.6% and 66.5% versus 58.5% and 69.6% respectively in the EU-28 in 2012. Far fewer women in Romania (11.1%) work part time than is the case in EU-28 in general (32.5%) in 2012. In 2010 the gender pay gap stood at 9.7% in 2012, which is below the EU-27 average of 16.2% in 2011.  Access to adequate resources
  4. 4.  The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly People in Romania continues to implement a national program financed by the Romanian Government and the European Bank for Development, which has the aim to set up around 200 day care centres. Beneficiaries will be, among others, children whose parents are returning to work.  Romania has recently modified legislation on the unemployment insurance system and on job growth in order to better integrate active and passive labour market policies. The legislation currently includes two measures for supporting parents’ participation in the labour market. The first measure refers to free of charge vocational training provision for people who get back to work after parental leave for children with disabilities aged two or three. The second measure refers to financial incentives for employers that offer employment opportunities to the sole provider in single parent families.
  5. 5.  Legislation in the field of social assistance has the purpose of improving the living standards of families with children. The legislation on child raising allowance (EGO no. 111/2010) allows parents to choose between two different ways of receiving parental leave and benefits for raising a child:  Option I: Parental leave and child raising allowance until the child is 12 months old. This is a monthly child raising allowance to the amount of 85% of the average net income of the last 12 months before the child’s birth; the minimum is 1.2 SRI (600 lei, about €130) and the maximum is 6.8 SRI (3,400 lei, about €850). A monthly allowance is paid in the amount of 1 SRI (500 lei, about €110) until the child is two years old if the parent decides to return to work before the child reaches the age of one. Unpaid parental leave is granted when the child is between one and two years old if the parent decides not to return to work.  Option II: Parental leave and child raising allowance until the child is 24 months old.
  6. 6.  This is a monthly child raising allowance to the amount of 85% of the average net income of the last 12 months before the child’s birth; the minimum is 1.2 SRI (600 lei about €130) and the maximum is 2.4 SRI (1,200 lei about €300); the monthly allowance in the amount of 1 SRI (500 lei, about €110) is paid until the child is two years old if the parent decides to return to work after the child reaches the age of one.  The monthly allowance for parents who return to work covers the total or partial cost for child day care. In addition, during the parental leave and for 6 months afterwards, the parent taking parental leave has a guaranteed job which means that the employer cannot dismiss him/her.
  7. 7.  there is a program for family allowances (law no. 277/2010). This allowance is means-tested and is paid to families with children if their monthly net income (divided by the number of family members) is lower than a threshold of 1.06 SRI (530 lei about €120). The programme is designed to provide better conditions for the care, education and upbringing of children, as well as to increase school attendance rates of children in families who receive the allowance.  Families have the right to receive a monthly state allowance for each child (200 lei, about €45) until the child is 2 years, or 3 years in case the child has a disability. After that, the allowance is 42 lei and 84 lei respectively for a child with a disability up to the age of 18, or until their education is completed.
  8. 8.  The government considers efficient public services as the best way to address issues of child poverty and to increase children’s well-being. Romania is currently drafting a new government strategy in the field of protection and promotion of children’s rights, which will be based on a comprehensive approach in different priority areas (social services, education and health), so that children’s rights can be insured in a coordinated and coherent manner. This will be accomplished through inter- institutional cooperation between the responsible ministries and the involvement of the NGO sector.  Moreover, the Romanian Government intends to continue the implementation of projects within the National Interest Programmes (NIP), which have the purpose of closing down old institutions, extending family-related services and housing for families. In addition to that, projects which are co-financed by the European Union are aimed at a diversification and extension of services that prevent the separation of children from their families.
  9. 9.  The information in the country profile was last updated in February 2014.  In previous years a shift took place from interventions of national authorities in the area of de-institutionalization to more prevention. Over the next years Romania intends to promote and implement a package of integrated community services which ensure a more efficient protection of the vulnerable children. The service package will aim at the coordination of activities by specialists in different areas, such as health, education and social services focused on preventing the separation of children from their families.  The investment in community based services is considered to be a solution that supports the interests of children and their families, and which is also more cost efficient. The investment in community based services can therefore lead to the decrease in costs incurred by institutional care. 

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