This is what Romanian students have
discussed about the Family and Work
Balance issue with their Slovak partners
in the discussions via the
videoconferences and chat.
The situation of families in Romania is improving, although
challenges remain with regard to the financial aspects of
reconciling work and family life.
A unitary system of social assistance is in place at the
national level, which is available for all families, focused
more on social assistance benefits which create incentives
for parents for returning to work, yet there is insufficient
access to care services for children.
Romanian law on the protection of children’s rights places
major importance on preventing a child being separated
from its family. The main responsibility in this respect lies
with the Public Social Assistance Service.
Most mothers work despite low availability of childcare
In 2012, 56.5% of Romanian mothers with children under six
are in employment, compared to 59.1%. on EU level. This is
despite the fact that formal childcare was available in
2011 to only 2% of children under the age of three and to
41% of children between three and the minimum
compulsory school age. This puts Romania well below
the Barcelona targets and the respective EU-28 averages
of 30% and 83%. On the other hand, overall employment
rates of women and men are lower than the EU average:
52.6% and 66.5% versus 58.5% and 69.6% respectively in
the EU-28 in 2012. Far fewer women in Romania (11.1%)
work part time than is the case in EU-28 in general (32.5%)
in 2012. In 2010 the gender pay gap stood at 9.7% in 2012,
which is below the EU-27 average of 16.2% in 2011.
Access to adequate resources
The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly
People in Romania continues to implement a national program
financed by the Romanian Government and the European Bank
for Development, which has the aim to set up around 200 day
care centres. Beneficiaries will be, among others, children whose
parents are returning to work.
Romania has recently modified legislation on the unemployment
insurance system and on job growth in order to better integrate
active and passive labour market policies. The legislation
currently includes two measures for supporting parents’
participation in the labour market. The first measure refers to free
of charge vocational training provision for people who get back
to work after parental leave for children with disabilities aged
two or three. The second measure refers to financial incentives
for employers that offer employment opportunities to the sole
provider in single parent families.
Legislation in the field of social assistance has the purpose of
improving the living standards of families with children. The
legislation on child raising allowance (EGO no. 111/2010) allows
parents to choose between two different ways of receiving
parental leave and benefits for raising a child:
Option I: Parental leave and child raising allowance until the
child is 12 months old. This is a monthly child raising allowance to
the amount of 85% of the average net income of the last 12
months before the child’s birth; the minimum is 1.2 SRI (600 lei,
about €130) and the maximum is 6.8 SRI (3,400 lei, about €850). A
monthly allowance is paid in the amount of 1 SRI (500 lei, about
€110) until the child is two years old if the parent decides to
return to work before the child reaches the age of one. Unpaid
parental leave is granted when the child is between one and two
years old if the parent decides not to return to work.
Option II: Parental leave and child raising allowance until the
child is 24 months old.
This is a monthly child raising allowance to the
amount of 85% of the average net income of the last
12 months before the child’s birth; the minimum is 1.2
SRI (600 lei about €130) and the maximum is 2.4 SRI
(1,200 lei about €300); the monthly allowance in the
amount of 1 SRI (500 lei, about €110) is paid until the
child is two years old if the parent decides to return to
work after the child reaches the age of one.
The monthly allowance for parents who return to work
covers the total or partial cost for child day care. In
addition, during the parental leave and for 6 months
afterwards, the parent taking parental leave has a
guaranteed job which means that the employer
cannot dismiss him/her.
there is a program for family allowances (law no.
277/2010). This allowance is means-tested and is paid
to families with children if their monthly net income
(divided by the number of family members) is lower
than a threshold of 1.06 SRI (530 lei about €120). The
programme is designed to provide better conditions
for the care, education and upbringing of children, as
well as to increase school attendance rates of
children in families who receive the allowance.
Families have the right to receive a monthly state
allowance for each child (200 lei, about €45) until the
child is 2 years, or 3 years in case the child has a
disability. After that, the allowance is 42 lei and 84 lei
respectively for a child with a disability up to the age
of 18, or until their education is completed.
The government considers efficient public services as the best
way to address issues of child poverty and to increase children’s
well-being. Romania is currently drafting a new government
strategy in the field of protection and promotion of children’s
rights, which will be based on a comprehensive approach in
different priority areas (social services, education and health), so
that children’s rights can be insured in a coordinated and
coherent manner. This will be accomplished through inter-
institutional cooperation between the responsible ministries and
the involvement of the NGO sector.
Moreover, the Romanian Government intends to continue the
implementation of projects within the National Interest
Programmes (NIP), which have the purpose of closing down old
institutions, extending family-related services and housing for
families. In addition to that, projects which are co-financed by
the European Union are aimed at a diversification and extension
of services that prevent the separation of children from their
The information in the country profile was last updated in
In previous years a shift took place from interventions of national
authorities in the area of de-institutionalization to more
prevention. Over the next years Romania intends to promote and
implement a package of integrated community services which
ensure a more efficient protection of the vulnerable children. The
service package will aim at the coordination of activities by
specialists in different areas, such as health, education and
social services focused on preventing the separation of children
from their families.
The investment in community based services is considered to be
a solution that supports the interests of children and their families,
and which is also more cost efficient. The investment in
community based services can therefore lead to the decrease in
costs incurred by institutional care.