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Zulkardi manado-2015

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Zulkardi manado-2015

  1. 1. Using PMRI and PISA for Improving Research and Learning on MathEMATICS Literacy of Indonesian Students Prof. Dr Zulkardi, M.I.Komp., M.Sc. Mathematics Education FKIP University of Sriwijaya
  2. 2. Short CV Prof. Drs. Zulkardi, M.I.Komp., M.Sc., PhD  1984. Drs.: Mathematics Education FKIP Unsri  1990. M.I.Komp.: Magister Ilmu Komputer UI sandwich with University of Maryland USA;  1999. M.Sc.: International master program on Educational Science & Technology Univ Twente, NL  2002. PhD. : Program doctor on Mathematics Education at the Univ. of Twente & Utrecht Univ., NL  2005. Professor in mathematics education  2006-2011. DO-PMRI Dutch-Indonesian project  2010 Vice pres. Indonesian Math Society (IndoMS)  2010 Initiator JME the first Indonesian Int’l journal
  3. 3. agenda 1) PISA Shock and change in the society 2) Development of PMRI 3) Design Research for improving learning of students 4) Some remarks and discussion
  4. 4. PISA ‘shock’ in Indonesia The quality of math and science is the worst in the world
  5. 5. PISA 2012 ASEAN countries + THE BEST & THE WORST (OECD, 2012) NO. NEGARA MATH RANK MEMBACA RANK SAINS RANK 1. SHANGHAI 613 1 570 1 580 1 2. SINGAPORE 573 2 542 3 551 3 3. VIETNAM 511 17 508 19 528 8 4. THAILAND 427 50 441 48 444 48 5. MALAYSIA 421 52 398 59 420 53 6. INDONESIA 375 64 396 61 382 64 7. PERU 368 65 384 65 373 65
  6. 6. Sumber: OECD (2012)
  7. 7. http://www.buzzfeed.com/jakel11/where-in-the-world- you-can-find-the-best-schools-and-the-hap#matqg3
  8. 8. CHANGE IN SOCIETY NEED OF INNOVATION AND CREATIVITY Kijang Kotak Kijang Super Kijang Kapsul Kijang Inova
  9. 9. Innovation in mobile PHONE
  10. 10. cHange in the job recruitment “I will only hire someone to work directly for me” (Communication skill and Team work) And “look for people who are able to analyze the value of the company”)
  11. 11. Change in the society Tasks or jobs that involve critical thinking, creativity, team work and and complex communication skills Thus, We need to change the way students learning (mathematics) in the school
  12. 12. CHANGE IN THE TEACHING & LEARNING • Change in Teaching & learning ‘Chalk & talk’  Guided reinvention • Change in learning and assessment materials Level EASY -> MIDDLE and DIFFICULT level
  13. 13. Why we need PMRI? • Poor attitude of Indonesian students toward mathematics • Low achievement of pupils in mathematics comparing to other countries TIMSS and PISA • Mathematics learned as a ready-made product • Teacher centered instruction • Mathematics modern is left all countries
  14. 14. What is PMRI? • PMRI- Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia is an adaptation of Realistic Mathematics Education (RME), a Dutch approach to mathematics education (Freudenthal, 71) • Adapted since 2001 at four LPTKs • A movement to reform mathematics education in Indonesia • An Innovation in mathematics education
  15. 15. PHILOSOPHY & CHARATERISTICS of PMRI 1) Philosophy: Math is a human activity 2) Characteristics of PMRI: • Use of contextual problems or applications as a source & a starting point for learning. • Use of models in bridging informal & formal math • Intertwining among mathematics strands • Use of interactivity or constructivism instruction • Use of smart student’s strategies
  16. 16. Example of Context: Borobudur – MATH PATTERNS
  17. 17. Panjat Pinang – TEAM WORK
  18. 18. ICE BERG: The levels of MODEL concept context level model level formal level
  19. 19. Interactivity Student’s in Primary School
  20. 20. INTERACTIVITY: Student’s in Secondary School
  21. 21. Interactivity: Student teachers’ in LPTK
  22. 22. Teacher Activities in workshops
  23. 23. PMRI IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY Bottom-up Strategy • Strengthening LPTK and Schools • Capacity Building of the PMRI team • Developing teaching materials based on classroom experience & research • Establishing local PMRI centers (P4MRI) at each participating LPTK
  24. 24. 3 1 4 2 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 16 18 15 17 21 20 9 12 14 SINCE 2001: UPI, UNY, USD, UNESA SINCE 2003:UNSRI,UNP,UNLAM,UNJ,UNSYIAH,UNNES,UNDIKSHA,UM,UINM,UINJ,UNM SINCE 2008: UR, UNPATI, UNIMA 2012: UNI, UNCEN Spreading of LPTKs involved
  25. 25. Pmri MAIN IMPLEMENTATION ACTIVITIES • Series of PMRI Workshops • PMRI Task forces: Research & learning materials • Developing International master program on RME/PMRI • Developing P4MRI network (www.p4mri.net) • National contest on Literacy Mathematics and PISA workshop for Math (and Science) teachers • SEA-RME: PMRI as content of QITEP, training center for ASEAN countries in Jogyakarta
  26. 26. IMPoME: UU,UNESA, UNSRI
  27. 27. https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=qite p+in+math+
  28. 28. Design research for improvement • Product (innovation and creativity) and process oriented (local instructional theory) • Three cycles: ANALYSIS, DESIGN AND EVALUATION (Akker, 2006) • Trendy in the educational research • Matching with Dikti Funding
  29. 29. Pisa & un
  30. 30. CONTROVERSIAL PISA- UN ITEM
  31. 31. Design your own problems Use and combine your experiences, intuition, inspiration and art Jan de Lange. (2013). ICMI study conference, Oxford
  32. 32. Problem 1 http://www.slideshare.net/ZulkardiHarun/
  33. 33. Problem 2 http://www.slideshare.net/ZulkardiHarun/
  34. 34. Problem 3: baloon http://www.slideshare.net/ZulkardiHarun/
  35. 35. Problem 4. Stadion http://www.slideshare.net/ZulkardiHarun/
  36. 36. Problem 5: second wife http://www.slideshare.net/ZulkardiHarun/
  37. 37. Example of student’ s answer • 8, because equation… • 32, I double it • 1, perhaps King Louis V was not like second wife • I do not know…
  38. 38. THANK YOU E-mail : zulkardi@yahoo.com Blog : www.p4mri.net; Office : www.unsri.ac.id Mobile phone: +62-8127106777

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