Muhammad in the bible part 1


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Muhammad in the bible part 1

  1. 1. Muhammad The Messenger of God The Glad Tidings Of By: John Graff In THE BIBLE
  2. 2. the holy qur‟an (3:81) And (recall) when God took the Covenant of (all) the Prophets (saying), "Take whatever I gave you from the Book and H'ikmah (its understanding), and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger (i.e. MUHAMMAD ) confirming what is with you; You must then believe in him and help him!" God said: "Do you agree and will you take up My Covenant (that will be binding upon you)?" they said: "We agree." He (God) said: "Then Bear Witness! A„li and Ibn Abbas said: “Never has God sent a Prophet before, except that He took a pledge from him that if Muhammad were sent in his lifetime, he would believe in and support him.'' the holy qur‟an
  3. 3. The Monastery in Busra, Syria of the Nestorian Monk Buhira Lost Early Christian Scriptures Containing Characteristics Unique to the Prophet Muhammad 1st – He would be an Orphan 2nd – He would have a Seal on His back The Narration of Bahira the Monk [Ibn Hisham 1/180-183; Za'd Al-Ma'ad 1/17]
  4. 4. Bible Sources: (NAB) New American Bible • Published by the CATHOLIC BIBLE PRESS • Copyright 1987 -by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (KJV) or (AKJV) King James Version • Published by Broadman and Holman Publishers • Copyright 1998 -by Broadman and Holman Publishers (NIV) New International Version • Published by Zondervan Publishing House • Copyright 1996 -by Zondervan Corporation
  5. 5. • What are the Elements that would make up a “Profile” of the Prophet MUHAMMAD which should illustrate an accurate and unparalleled match when compared with descriptions of a Prophet Foretold in the Bible? • A Matching Profile Includes 5 Crucial Elements:  1. Ancestry consistent with the one Prophesized.  2. Occurrence of His Name(s).  3. Location of coming / People to whom he was sent.  4. The Major Events of his Life.  5. Description of his Characteristics. Identification Profile: “Profile” MUHAMMAD
  6. 6. Muhammad in the bible The Genealogy of the Arabs: The Ancestry of the Prophet MUHAMMAD #1 – Biblical Ancestry of Prophets
  7. 7. “I will establish MY COVENANT as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come to be your God and the God of your descendants.” “I will bless them that bless you: and in you shall all families of the earth be BLESSED.” “And through your offspring all nations on earth will be BLESSED.” THE BIBLE (Genesis 12:3) THE BIBLE (Genesis 17:7) THE BIBLE (Genesis 22:18)
  8. 8. ABRAHAM (SARAH)(HAGAR) Isaac EsauJacob 12 Tribes of Israel (The Israelites) Ishmael 12 Arabian Tribes (The Ishmaelites) abraham‟s genealogy *Jacob is Israel – Israel is the name which God gave Jacob “…So shall my covenant be in your flesh an everlasting covenant.” GENESIS 17:13
  9. 9. Al-Makki Qusai 2nd son (The Prophet) Muhammad Direct Descendant Skipping Generations Family Tree of Abraham abraham‟s descendants through ishmael‟s branch Adnan Quraish Qusai Abdullah Abdul Mutalib Hashim ‘Abd Manaf Kedar Abraham Ishmael
  10. 10. ex: Jacob, Job, Moses, David, John, and Jesus (etc.)
  11. 11. the prayer of god‟s Friend “Abraham fell facedown… (and he Prayed to God saying): “If only Ishmael might live under your Blessings!” Genesis 17:17-18 NIV BIBLE
  12. 12. God Answers his Prayer: With A Promise of divine Blessing in Ishmael and his Descendants “And as for Ishmael, I have heard you (Abraham); behold, I will bless him and make him fruitful and multiply him exceedingly; he shall be the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a GREAT NATION.” “God was with the boy (Ishmael)”– Genesis 21:20 Just as God was with Abraham – Genesis 21:23 Genesis 17:20-21 RSV
  13. 13. MUHAMMAD , the Ishmaelite The Only Prophet in History from Ishmael‟s Branch: Could the Bible SPECIFICALLY mention of a Prophet that will come from the Stem - (or offspring) of Ishmael?
  14. 14. (pronounced in Hebrew – „Ishi‟) is contracted from Ishmael.” There is no letter “J” in Hebrew. (lawgiver from God) “Jesse The Holy Bible [Cheyene Encyclopedia Biblica] “And there shall come forth a Rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots. And the Spirit of the Lord (i.e. the Angel Gabriel) shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge, and of fear of the Lord.” THE BIBLE (Isaiah: 11:1-2) The Stem - The root of the Prophet
  15. 15. Location - Biblical reference of Meca The founders of the City of Muhammad : – Hajar & Ishmael –
  16. 16. The founding of Meca: The Story of Ishmael Mecca (Beca) Jerusalem The Journey of Abraham in Arabia Paran Yarushlam …the water in the skin was used up. So she (Hagar) put the child (Ishmael) under the shrub… she said to herself, “Let me not watch the child die.” …He (Ishmael) began to cry. God heard the boy‟s cry, and God‟s messenger called to Hagar from heaven… “Don‟t be afraid; God has heard the boy‟s cry… …I will make him a great nation.” Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water… God was with the boy as he grew up… …with his home in the wilderness of Paran. Paran – GENSIS 21:14-21 His migration with his mother New American Bible
  17. 17. • Paran = is the Hebrew name for the valley which later developed into a town that came to be called Beca or Meca. It is the historic valley where Ishmael and Hagar immigrated to being the first to settle in that area. • In Hebrew Faran - simply means ‘the 2 who fled’. • In Arabic Fârân - is the Duel form of the root- ‘Farra’, meaning: ‘two person that run away’ referring to Hagar & Ishmael just as it is in Bible Terminology
  18. 18. (The House of God) in Beca Verily the first house (of worship) appointed for Mankind was that at Beca, full of blessing, and a guidance for all the Worlds. The Holy Qur'ân 3:96
  19. 19. Blessed are those who dwell in your house; they are ever praising you. Blessed are those whose strength is in you, whose hearts are set on pilgrimage. {NIV} Who passing through the Valley of Beca make it a well; the rain also fills the pools.” {AKJV} THE BIBLE [Psalm 84:4- 6] Location of the holy well of Zamzam
  20. 20. According to the Bible, God said about Ishmael: Behold, I will Bless him, and make him fruitful and multiply him exceedingly… And I will make him a Great Nation.”[the qur‟an 15:37]
  21. 21. The Gentile Prophet: [Israel] – Jacob‟s Prophecy of „the Non-Jewish Prophet‟
  22. 22. Video: “The Last WILL of Jacob (AS)” Were you all witnesses when Death appeared before Jacob? When he said to his sons: They (his 12 sons) said: “We will worship your God, and the God of your fathers: Abraham, Ishmael, and Isaac – The One (True) God, And weThe Noble Qur„an 2:133 “What will you worship after me?”
  23. 23. Muhammad in the bible “The Sceptre (of Prophethood) shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh comes; and to him shall the gathering of the people be.” The Last Days Prophet will NOT be A Jew! • The Sceptre - “Divine Lawgiver” One who is given divine authority from God (i.e. A Prophet) • Shiloh - …until He comes “to whom it belongs” (NIV) …until He comes “that has a right to it” (Bible in basic English) …until He comes “that is to BE SENT” (i.e. The Messenger of God) (Douay – Rheims) • End - …comes and “He shall be the expectation of Nations” (Douay – Rheims) The Bible [Genesis 49:10] American King James
  24. 24. • Shiloh (1st interpretation) = A Hebrew word derived from the root “Shalah” meaning: “Peaceful, Tranquil, and Trust-worthy.” *Hebrew: “Shiloh” is from the same root as Shalom - (Peace) *Arabic: “Islâm” is from the same root as Salam - (Peace) • Shiloh (2nd interpretation) = A Hebrew word derived from the root - Hebrew analysis of “Shiloh”: “The Messenger of God” “Shaluah”
  25. 25. Muhammad in the bible He was Unlearned (He was illiterate, could not read or write) 1st of His Matchless Characteristics:
  26. 26. the holy qur‟an (8:157) Those who follow the Messenger who is NOT LEAENED - (can not read or write), whom they find mentioned in their own Book, in the Torah and the Gospel; For he commands them what is good and just, and forbids them from what is evil and impure; He releases them from the heavy burdens and from binding that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honor him, help him, and follow the Light which is sent MUHAMMAD is undoubtedly mention in both the Torah (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) According to: The Holy Qur'ân
  27. 27.  Received the first revelation at the age 40 through the Arch Angel Gabriel. Read in the Name of your Lord who Created Created Man from Al-A’laq Read for your Lord is the Most Bountiful Who teaches Man by the Pen Who teaches Man what he knew not the holy qur‟an 96: 1-5 The Prophet Muhammad The Cave Mountain of Light (Mt. Paran)
  28. 28. A Prophet who is Not Learned And the book is delivered to him that is Not Learned, saying, “Read this,” he replies, “I CANNOT READ.” For you the revelation of all this has become like the words of a Sealed Scroll. When it is handed to one who CAN read, with the request, “Read this,” he replies, “I cannot; (for) IT IS SEALED.” (NAB) - New American Bible - Qara - “Read Isaiah 29:11 Lo Adati Safir
  29. 29. The Dead Sea Scrolls “According to the dominant view in the sectarian texts from Qumran, two messiahs were to lead the congregation in the End of Days, one Priestly, and the other Lay. (Reclaiming the Dead Sea Scrolls, Lawrence H. Schiffman, pp. 321-322). According to the view of the Messianic believers of Qumran as well as many Jewish scholars today there would be: 2 last day Prophets: • 1 Learned; well studied in scripture (priestly) • 1 Unlearned; no background in script or scripture
  30. 30. Muhammad in the bible • The Commission of His Prophethood (The First Revelation) • His Migration (The Hijrah) • His Night Journey (Sudden trip to Jerusalem) • His First Victory (the Battle of Badr) • His Great Triumph (the opening of Mecca) Every Major Event of His Life:
  31. 31. the holy qur‟an (95:1-3) 3 Locations - referring to 3 Revelations - sent to 3 Different Prophets of God #1 - #2 - #3 - The gospel given to Jesus Christ The torah given to Moses The Qur'ân given to Muhammad 1. By the Fig and the Olive 2. By Mount Sinai 3. By This City of Security
  32. 32. And he (Moses) said, The Lord came from Sinai, Mount *Sinai = Torah of Moses Valley of *Seir = A Mountain in Palestine near the village of Bethlehem. Mount *Paran = Place or location where God‟s Light (i.e. His Revelation) will come again to the World. God‟s (new) “Fiery Law” will be established “for them” (i.e. the people in Paran) when “He” - comes with 10,000 saints-[“Holy Ones” RSV] (1st)-Location of the first Revelation (2nd)-The Conquering of that city Two Events: The Bible Deuteronomy 33:2 The Prophet from “Pârân” And rose up from Seir unto them He shined forth from Mount Paran,And he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery Law for them.
  33. 33. Valley of Paran or ( ) – “Faran” in Meca
  34. 34. Muhammad in the bible MUHAMMAD – The Beloved of God – His Name & Matchless Characteristics:
  35. 35. "The whole word is not worth the day on which the Song of Songs was given to Israel; for all the writings are Holy, but the Song of Songs is The Holiest of the Holy." [Rabbi Akiva (died CE 135), Tractate of Yaddayim (3:5), Mishna] the bible‟s song of songs (10) My beloved is dazzling yet ruddy. He stands out among 10,000 men. [NASB] (16) His speech is most sweet, and he is Altogether Desirable - This is my beloved and this is my friend O daughters of Jerusalem. [RSV] (14) His hands are as rings of gold set with beryl: His body is as ivory work overlaid with sapphires. [ASV] (13) His cheeks are as a bed of spices, as banks of sweet herbs: his lips are as lilies, dropping liquid myrrh. [ERV] (15) His legs are pillars of alabaster set on pedestals of pure gold; His appearance is like Lebanon Choice as the cedars. [NASB] (11) His head is as the finest gold: his locks as branches of palm trees, black as a raven. [Douay-Rheims Bible] … the most chief among ten thousand. [American KJV] (12) … His eyes are like doves beside the water-brooks, Washed with milk, and fitly set. Song of Songs Chapter 5: Verse (10-16)
  36. 36.  The Hebrew Bible Shir Hashirim - Song of Songs Chapter 5, Verse 16 “Hikko mamtakeem, v'hulo Mahammadim, ze Dodee v'ze ra‘ee, bano Yarushalaym" Hebrew Transliteration Hebrew Text *Mahammadim - The “m” in Hebrew linguistically indicates plural of respect and royalty. Its addition to a word expresses Nobility and Grandeur. ex: “Alahim”= God the Glorious. So Mahammadim means: [Mahammad the Great or Noble] *Dodee – translated as „beloved‟, but in Hebrew it actually means Paternal Uncle- (father’s brother); translated as such at least five times in Bible in other places. Therefore ‘Dodee’ means: [He is of Israel‟s (Jacob‟s) Paternal Uncle]
  37. 37. the bible‟s Song of SoNgS (5:16) The Hebrew Bible corrected translation of verse 16: “His mouth is Most sweet: And he is – Mahammad the Great He is of our paternal uncle (Ishmael), And this is My Beloved, Oh daughters of Jerusalem." im = greatness & nobility
  38. 38. The Jews were awaiting a Special Prophet OTHER THAN JESUS! Now this was John‟s testimony when the Jews of Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. He did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, “I am not the Christ (i.e. the Messiah).” They asked him, “Then who are you? Are you ELIJAH?” He said, “I am Not.” “Are you THE PROPHET?” The Bible (John 1:19-21) NIV 1. The Messiah 2. Elijah 3. The Prophet
  39. 39. Muhammad in the bible The 1st Prophet foretold in the Bible: He who would be “Like Moses” The one God will require All to believe in:
  40. 40. “I (God) will raise for them a Prophet like you (Moses) from among their brethren; and I (God) will put my words in his mouth, and shall speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not give heed to My words which he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him.” The Prophet foretold by Moses The Bible (Deuteronomy18:17-19) RSV
  41. 41. Muhammad? – Jesus? – or who? The Prophet all are required to believe in: Three points: 1) God will put „His Words‟ in the mouth of this Prophet - 2) A prophet „Like Moses‟ – similar/very close resemblance to him 3) A prophet from among „The Brethren‟ of the Jews “He (Muhammad) does not speak of his own desire, it is no less than a revelation sent down to him.” [Al-Qur„an 53:3-4] *Countless passages in the Qur‟an command Muhammad (pbuh) in such terms as: -(Say!), -(Remind!), -(Inform!), etc. The Prophet all are required to believe in:
  42. 42. The Encyclopedia of Religion compares the life of Muhammad and Moses as follows: “THERE IS MUCH IN THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD THAT IS IMPLICITLY REMINISCENT OF THE MOSES TRADITION”. Page 121, THE ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF RELIGION, Mircea Eliade (EDITOR IN CHIEF) Volume 10, Macmillean Publishing Company A Prophet Like Similar to Moses
  43. 43. 1. Birth Normal Normal Unusual 2. Adopted Yes Yes No 3. Married Yes Yes No 4. Children Yes Yes No 5. Revealed Yes Yes No Laws 6. Governed Yes Yes No 7. Mass Yes Yes No Migration w/followers JesusMoses Muhammad Which is the prophet most “like Moses”? Factor:
  44. 44. 8. Common Healer No No Yes 9. Accepted Yes Yes Few 10. Died naturally Yes Yes No 11. Revelation Yes Yes No written in lifetime 12. Physical and Yes Yes No Moral victory 13. His age when 40 40 30 mission started 14. At Mountain - Yes Yes No 15. Nature of Yes Yes No teaching both Spiritual & Legal Moses Muhammad JesusFactor:
  45. 45. Q: According to the Bible could the Prophet be someone else from among Children of Israel? The Bible 34:10 (Deuteronomy 34:10) KJV “And there arose NOT a Prophet since in Israel like unto Moses” From among “the brethren” of the Jews?Deuteronomy 18:18 A: No, and he could not be a Jew! Q: Then from WHOM would he be?
  46. 46. The Children of Ishmael ARE „The Brethren Nation‟ of The Children of Israel  Brethren = personification of a group of tribes who were regarded as near kinsmen of the Israelites.  Israelites = Brethren of the Ishmaelites, or Brethren of the Sons of Ishmael. [Genesis 16:12 and 25:18] the Prophet From the Brethren of the Jews Hebrew Dictionary
  47. 47. <Noah ABRAHAM> ^John <Jesus ADAM ^Seth<Enoch ) (2nd) (8th) (9th) Isaac Ishmael (1st born) (2nd born) Jacob (Israel) Abraham “Bani Israel” Children of Israel “Bani Ishmael” Children of Ishmael 12 SONS 12 SONS Muhammad (KADAR THE MECCAN) Quraish ^ Adnan Hadar 12 SONS in The Bible *Tema – settled in Yathrib *Kedar – descendants from Paran (Medina) (Genesis 25:13-15) “And these are the names of the Sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, and Mishma, and Du‟mah, and Massa, Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.
  48. 48. Muhammad in the bible Quraish=the modern name for the tribe of Kadar His People – His Tribe
  49. 49. “A tribe descended form Ishmael…possessing flocks and camels… They were an Arabian tribe… The people of Kedar were Pliny‟s Cedrai, and from their tribe Mohammed ultimately arose.” Kedar Christian Scholars John D. Davis‟ A Dictionary of the Bible specifies Kedar as:
  50. 50. Call the word to the Light GOD IS GREAT! …I (God) will keep you and will make you to be a covenant for the people and a Light for the Gentiles. …new things I (God) declare; before they spring into being I announce them to you. Sing to the Lord a new song… Let the desert and its towns raise their voices; the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice. Let the people of Sela sing for joy; let them shout from the mountaintops. THE BIBLE (Isaiah 42:6-11) NIV
  51. 51. Salvation! & “an everlasting covenant” “…And I (God) will also make you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring My Salvation to the ends of the earth.” (Isaiah 49:6) [NIV] “…And I will make an Everlasting Covenant with them. And their seed shall be known among the Gentiles, and their offspring among the people: all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed which the Lord hath blessed…” (Isaiah 61:8-9) [KJV]
  52. 52. Muhammad in the bible THE CHOSEN ONE – Al Mustafâ – His Name & Matchless Characteristics:
  53. 53. Behold my servant, whom I uphold; My Chosen One, in whom I delight I will put My Spirit (i.e. Gabriel) upon him. He shal bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. He will not fail or be discouraged till he has established justice in the earth; and the coastlands “And the Gentiles shall come to thy Light… All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee… And they shall come up with acceptance on mine alter, and I will glorify the house of my glory”. [Isaiah 60:3-7 KJV] „the chosen one‟ - From the Gentiles (4) [RSV] (1) [KJV/NIV] (2) [NIV] (Isaiah 42:1- 4)