SkyNet Security System Joe Schartman

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SkyNet Security System Joe Schartman

  1. 1. SkyNet Security System Joe Schartman [email_address] 12-07-08
  2. 2. Executive Summary <ul><li>Network Security System using C amera, Radar, and Ground Sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Customer </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DHS Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DHS Border Agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyberdine Systems Development Team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location Law Enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Government Officials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Base stations (BS) for Computer Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Sensor Towers </li></ul><ul><li>Sensor Networks joining Area BS and Towers </li></ul>
  3. 3. SBINet Sensor Network Overview <ul><li>Ad hoc network (self-organized) </li></ul><ul><li>Environment-to-person colaboration communication </li></ul><ul><li>Nodes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large Number (100-1000s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensing Capabilities include Radar, Camera, Ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication, Processing, Memory Capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Situational Awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Base station - BS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common Operating Picture (COP) Stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Command Controller (C2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile and Stationary COPs </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. SBINet Sensor Network Connections <ul><li>sensor </li></ul><ul><li>aggregator </li></ul><ul><li>relay </li></ul>{
  5. 5. SBINet Sensor Network Applications <ul><li>Possible tasks: </li></ul><ul><li>Data Gathering: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>seismic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>acoustic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monitoring: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security Areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible users: </li></ul><ul><li>Authorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Di saster prevention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contraband Smuggling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C reate or validate models </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Private (home automation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vacation Monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote Controlling </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. SBINet Network Design Issues <ul><li>Power efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Node life-time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network life-time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Localization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Range based (Time Of Flight, RSSI etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range free (based on anchors with known positions and hop count) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS, JTRS, and P25 Radios integrated with C2 Controllers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tower Based Radar and Camera sensorss </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure Positioning, User Authentication, PKI Key Encroption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Validation with Role Based Priviledges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong environmental constraints depending on the application </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data Processing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Risk Mitigations <ul><li>Financial, Operational, and Schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Prototype System using Sensor Simulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces Protype Sensor Hardware Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validates System Interfaces for Next Spiral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces Development Schedule Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-use prior system service orientated software (SOA) services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use Engineering Change Proposal (ECP) process to track requirement changes </li></ul>
  8. 8. Contract Risk Reduction <ul><ul><li>Cost Plus Award Fee (CPAF) contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a base amount fixed at inception of the contract </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an award amount that maybe earned in whole or in part during performance. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The DHS decided on a CPAF contract to provide motivation for excellence in the areas including quality, timeliness, technical ingenuity, and cost effective management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use virtual teams at different contractor location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System Engineering at Huntsville, AL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Software development at Mesa, AZ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System Testing at Huntington Beach CA </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. A platform for area monitoring sensors <ul><li>Made by Crossbow Technology Inc </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for sensor networks </li></ul><ul><li>Atmel ATMega128 processor </li></ul><ul><li>Chipcon CC1000 radio </li></ul><ul><li>Runs TinyOS from its Flash Memory </li></ul><ul><li>51-pin connector to interface itself </li></ul><ul><li>Add-on sensor boards provide sensing for Temperature, Humidity, etc. </li></ul>5
  10. 10. The Operating System: Linux <ul><li>Open source real-time OS with outstanding securiity features </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries includes network protocols & distributed services </li></ul><ul><li>Support for Service Orientated Architecture (SOA) </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful and flexible OS with large community support </li></ul>6
  11. 11. Service Orientated Architecture (SOA) Command and Control (C2) Services Human Machine Interface Middleware Operating System <ul><li>Provides user interface framework in support of C3I service and computer-controlled device interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a set of C3I domain specific services and interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Provide generalized cross domain services that are used by a number of components </li></ul><ul><li>Defines workflow control between services </li></ul><ul><li>Supports service data exchange on distributed computing platforms </li></ul><ul><li>Provides common service framework, workflow control, system interoperability, and OS abstraction. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Design Challenges <ul><li>Test the relevance of the ad-hoc sensor networks model in a concrete application </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the use of environment-to-person ICTs in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge the ad-hoc networking com-munity’s assumptions on environmental monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Raise and address new technical challenges based on a concrete implementation </li></ul>Social Sciences ICTS Environmental Sciences Field
  13. 13. An heterogeneous sensor network
  14. 14. System characteristics <ul><li>Self-organizing network of heterogeneous wireless sensor-nodes (ease of deployment, non-intrusiveness) </li></ul><ul><li>Self-powered and autonomous </li></ul><ul><li>Nodes communicate in a multihop fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Low data-rate </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic scalability </li></ul><ul><li>Node failure detection </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-connectivity </li></ul>
  15. 15. SkyNet Top Level Schedule
  16. 16. Project deliverables <ul><li>Environmental monitoring sensor network </li></ul><ul><li>User requirements for environmental monitoring in rural developing area </li></ul><ul><li>Study on relevance of sensor networks for environmental monitoring (focused on security monitoring) </li></ul><ul><li>Impact assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Business plan and deployment scenario (replicable and scalable) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Archive: http://www.scallinuxsystems.com/SkyNet </li></ul>

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